Frases de John Stuart Mill

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John Stuart Mill

Data de nascimento: 20. Maio 1806
Data de falecimento: 8. Maio 1873
Outros nomes: J.S Mill, John S. Mill

John Stuart Mill foi um filósofo e economista britânico nascido na Inglaterra, e um dos pensadores liberais mais influentes do século XIX. Foi um defensor do utilitarismo, a teoria ética proposta inicialmente por seu padrinho Jeremy Bentham. Destacam-se seus trabalhos nos campos da filosofia política, ética, economia política e lógica, apesar de também ter escrito críticas literárias e até poesias.

Obras

A Liberdade
John Stuart Mill

„É impossível que ocorram grandes transformações positivas no destino da humanidade se não houver uma mudança de peso na estrutura básica de seu modo de pensar.“

—  John Stuart Mill

No great improvements in the lot of mankind are possible, until a great change takes place in the fundamental constitution of their modes of thought.
citado em "London society: Volume 26" - página 371, J. Hogg, 1874
Atribuídas

„Quem só conhece seu próprio lado do problema sabe pouco sobre ele.“

—  John Stuart Mill, livro A Liberdade

He who knows only his own side of the case knows little of that.
On liberty - Página 67 http://books.google.com.br/books?id=AjpGAAAAcAAJ&pg=PA67, John Stuart Mill - John W. Parker and son, 1859 - 207 páginas
On Liberty

„As pessoas de gênio, é verdade, são e provavelmente sempre serão uma pequena minoria; no entanto, para tê-las é necessário conservar o solo em que crescem. O gênio só pode respirar livremente numa atmosfera de liberdade.“

—  John Stuart Mill, livro A Liberdade

Persons of genius, it is true, are, and are always likely to be, a small minority ; but in order to have them, it is necessary to preserve the soil in which they grow. Genius can only breathe freely in an atmosphere of freedom.
On liberty - Página 116 http://books.google.com.br/books?id=AjpGAAAAcAAJ&pg=PA116, John Stuart Mill - John W. Parker and son, 1859 - 207 páginas
On Liberty

„Um conservador não é necessariamente parco de inteligência, mas a maioria das pessoas pouco inteligentes são conservadoras.“

—  John Stuart Mill

all conservatives aro not stupid, all stupid people are conservative.
citado em "Harper's new monthly magazine: Volume 60" - página 785, Henry Mills Alden - Harper & Brothers, 1880
Atribuídas

„Aparentemente, uma pessoa pode progredir durante um certo tempo e então parar. Quando ela pára? Quando deixa de ter individualidade.“

—  John Stuart Mill, livro A Liberdade

A people, it appears, may be progressive for a certain length of time, and then stop : when does it stop ? When it ceases to possess individuality.
On liberty - Página 127 http://books.google.com.br/books?id=AjpGAAAAcAAJ&pg=PA127, John Stuart Mill - John W. Parker and son, 1859 - 207 páginas
On Liberty

„Nunca podemos ter certeza de que a opinião que tentamos sufocar é falsa; e se tivéssemos, sufocá-la continuaria sendo um mal.“

—  John Stuart Mill, livro A Liberdade

We can never be sure that the opinion we are endeavouring to stifle is a false opinion; and if we were sure, stifling it would be an evil still.
On Liberty - Página 34 http://books.google.com.br/books?id=AjpGAAAAcAAJ&pg=PA34, John Stuart Mill - John W. Parker and son, 1859, 207 páginas
On Liberty

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„O maior perigo de nossos tempos é que tão poucos ousam ser excêntricos.“

—  John Stuart Mill, livro A Liberdade

That so few now dare to be eccentric, marks the chief danger of the time.
On liberty - Página 121 http://books.google.com.br/books?id=AjpGAAAAcAAJ&pg=PA121, John Stuart Mill - John W. Parker and son, 1859 - 207 páginas
On Liberty

„Quem deixa que o mundo, ou uma porção deste, escolha seu plano de vida não tem necessidade senão da faculdade de imitação dos símios.“

—  John Stuart Mill, livro A Liberdade

He who lets the world, or his own portion of it, choose his plan of life for him, has no need of any other faculty than the ape-like one of imitation.
On liberty - Página 106 http://books.google.com.br/books?id=AjpGAAAAcAAJ&pg=PA106, John Stuart Mill - John W. Parker and son, 1859 - 207 páginas
On Liberty

„Perguntem a vocês mesmos se são felizes e deixarão de sê-los.“

—  John Stuart Mill

Ask yourself whether you are happy and you cease to be so.
The ethics of John Stuart Mill - página 108, John Stuart Mill, Charles Douglas - Blackwood, 1897 - 233 páginas

„As ações são corretas na medida em que tendem a promover a felicidade, erradas na medida em que tendem a promover o reverso da felicidade.“

—  John Stuart Mill

Principle, holds that actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness, wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness.
Dissertations and discussions: political, philosophical, and historical - Volume 3, Página 308 http://books.google.com.br/books?id=-iEvAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA308, John Stuart Mill - William V. Spencer, 1865

„What made Wordsworth's poems a medicine for my state of mind, was that they expressed, not mere outward beauty, but states of feeling, and of thought coloured by feeling, under the excitement of beauty. They seemed to be the very culture of the feelings, which I was in quest of. In them I seemed to draw from a Source of inward joy, of sympathetic and imaginative pleasure, which could be shared in by all human beings; which had no connexion with struggle or imperfection, but would be made richer by every improvement in the physical or social condition of mankind.“

—  John Stuart Mill, livro Autobiography

Autobiography (1873)
Contexto: Scott does this still better than Wordsworth, and a very second-rate landscape does it more effectually than any poet. What made Wordsworth's poems a medicine for my state of mind, was that they expressed, not mere outward beauty, but states of feeling, and of thought coloured by feeling, under the excitement of beauty. They seemed to be the very culture of the feelings, which I was in quest of. In them I seemed to draw from a Source of inward joy, of sympathetic and imaginative pleasure, which could be shared in by all human beings; which had no connexion with struggle or imperfection, but would be made richer by every improvement in the physical or social condition of mankind. From them I seemed to learn what would be the perennial sources of happiness, when all the greater evils of life shall have been removed. And I felt myself at once better and happier as I came under their influence.

„To do as one would be done by, and to love one's neighbour as oneself, constitute the ideal perfection of utilitarian morality.“

—  John Stuart Mill, livro Utilitarianism

Fonte: Utilitarianism (1861), Ch. 2
Contexto: In the golden rule of Jesus of Nazareth, we read the complete spirit of the ethics of utility. To do as one would be done by, and to love one's neighbour as oneself, constitute the ideal perfection of utilitarian morality.

„The principle itself of dogmatic religion, dogmatic morality, dogmatic philosophy, is what requires to be rooted out; not any particular manifestation of that principle. The very corner-stone of an education intended to form great minds, must be the recognition of the principle, that the object is to call forth the greatest possible quantity of intellectual power, and to inspire the intensest love of truth“

—  John Stuart Mill

""Civilization,"" London and Westminster Review (April 1836)
Contexto: The principle itself of dogmatic religion, dogmatic morality, dogmatic philosophy, is what requires to be rooted out; not any particular manifestation of that principle. ¶ The very corner-stone of an education intended to form great minds, must be the recognition of the principle, that the object is to call forth the greatest possible quantity of intellectual power, and to inspire the intensest love of truth: and this without a particle of regard to the results to which the exercise of that power may lead, even though it should conduct the pupil to opinions diametrically opposite to those of his teachers. We say this, not because we think opinions unimportant, but because of the immense importance which we attach to them; for in proportion to the degree of intellectual power and love of truth which we succeed in creating, is the certainty that (whatever may happen in any one particular instance) in the aggregate of instances true opinions will be the result; and intellectual power and practical love of truth are alike impossible where the reasoner is shown his conclusions, and informed beforehand that he is expected to arrive at them.

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