Frases de John Stuart Mill

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John Stuart Mill

Data de nascimento: 20. Maio 1806
Data de falecimento: 8. Maio 1873
Outros nomes: J.S Mill, John S. Mill

John Stuart Mill foi um filósofo e economista britânico nascido na Inglaterra, e um dos pensadores liberais mais influentes do século XIX. Foi um defensor do utilitarismo, a teoria ética proposta inicialmente por seu padrinho Jeremy Bentham. Destacam-se seus trabalhos nos campos da filosofia política, ética, economia política e lógica, apesar de também ter escrito críticas literárias e até poesias.

Obras

A Liberdade
John Stuart Mill

„É impossível que ocorram grandes transformações positivas no destino da humanidade se não houver uma mudança de peso na estrutura básica de seu modo de pensar.“

—  John Stuart Mill

No great improvements in the lot of mankind are possible, until a great change takes place in the fundamental constitution of their modes of thought.
citado em "London society: Volume 26" - página 371, J. Hogg, 1874
Atribuídas

„Quem só conhece seu próprio lado do problema sabe pouco sobre ele.“

—  John Stuart Mill, livro A Liberdade

He who knows only his own side of the case knows little of that.
On liberty - Página 67 http://books.google.com.br/books?id=AjpGAAAAcAAJ&pg=PA67, John Stuart Mill - John W. Parker and son, 1859 - 207 páginas
On Liberty

„As pessoas de gênio, é verdade, são e provavelmente sempre serão uma pequena minoria; no entanto, para tê-las é necessário conservar o solo em que crescem. O gênio só pode respirar livremente numa atmosfera de liberdade.“

—  John Stuart Mill, livro A Liberdade

Persons of genius, it is true, are, and are always likely to be, a small minority ; but in order to have them, it is necessary to preserve the soil in which they grow. Genius can only breathe freely in an atmosphere of freedom.
On liberty - Página 116 http://books.google.com.br/books?id=AjpGAAAAcAAJ&pg=PA116, John Stuart Mill - John W. Parker and son, 1859 - 207 páginas
On Liberty

„Um conservador não é necessariamente parco de inteligência, mas a maioria das pessoas pouco inteligentes são conservadoras.“

—  John Stuart Mill

all conservatives aro not stupid, all stupid people are conservative.
citado em "Harper's new monthly magazine: Volume 60" - página 785, Henry Mills Alden - Harper & Brothers, 1880
Atribuídas

„Aparentemente, uma pessoa pode progredir durante um certo tempo e então parar. Quando ela pára? Quando deixa de ter individualidade.“

—  John Stuart Mill, livro A Liberdade

A people, it appears, may be progressive for a certain length of time, and then stop : when does it stop ? When it ceases to possess individuality.
On liberty - Página 127 http://books.google.com.br/books?id=AjpGAAAAcAAJ&pg=PA127, John Stuart Mill - John W. Parker and son, 1859 - 207 páginas
On Liberty

„Nunca podemos ter certeza de que a opinião que tentamos sufocar é falsa; e se tivéssemos, sufocá-la continuaria sendo um mal.“

—  John Stuart Mill, livro A Liberdade

We can never be sure that the opinion we are endeavouring to stifle is a false opinion; and if we were sure, stifling it would be an evil still.
On Liberty - Página 34 http://books.google.com.br/books?id=AjpGAAAAcAAJ&pg=PA34, John Stuart Mill - John W. Parker and son, 1859, 207 páginas
On Liberty

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„O maior perigo de nossos tempos é que tão poucos ousam ser excêntricos.“

—  John Stuart Mill, livro A Liberdade

That so few now dare to be eccentric, marks the chief danger of the time.
On liberty - Página 121 http://books.google.com.br/books?id=AjpGAAAAcAAJ&pg=PA121, John Stuart Mill - John W. Parker and son, 1859 - 207 páginas
On Liberty

„Quem deixa que o mundo, ou uma porção deste, escolha seu plano de vida não tem necessidade senão da faculdade de imitação dos símios.“

—  John Stuart Mill, livro A Liberdade

He who lets the world, or his own portion of it, choose his plan of life for him, has no need of any other faculty than the ape-like one of imitation.
On liberty - Página 106 http://books.google.com.br/books?id=AjpGAAAAcAAJ&pg=PA106, John Stuart Mill - John W. Parker and son, 1859 - 207 páginas
On Liberty

„As ações são corretas na medida em que tendem a promover a felicidade, erradas na medida em que tendem a promover o reverso da felicidade.“

—  John Stuart Mill

Principle, holds that actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness, wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness.
Dissertations and discussions: political, philosophical, and historical - Volume 3, Página 308 http://books.google.com.br/books?id=-iEvAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA308, John Stuart Mill - William V. Spencer, 1865

„Perguntem a vocês mesmos se são felizes e deixarão de sê-los.“

—  John Stuart Mill

Ask yourself whether you are happy and you cease to be so.
The ethics of John Stuart Mill - página 108, John Stuart Mill, Charles Douglas - Blackwood, 1897 - 233 páginas

„A man who has nothing which he is willing to fight for, nothing which he cares more about than he does about his personal safety, is a miserable creature who has no chance of being free, unless made and kept so by the exertions of better men than himself.“

—  John Stuart Mill

"The Contest in America," Fraser’s Magazine (February 1862); later published in Dissertations and Discussions (1868), vol.1 p. 26
Contexto: War is an ugly thing, but not the ugliest of things: the decayed and degraded state of moral and patriotic feeling which thinks that nothing is worth a war, is much worse. When a people are used as mere human instruments for firing cannon or thrusting bayonets, in the service and for the selfish purposes of a master, such war degrades a people. A war to protect other human beings against tyrannical injustice; a war to give victory to their own ideas of right and good, and which is their own war, carried on for an honest purpose by their free choice, — is often the means of their regeneration. A man who has nothing which he is willing to fight for, nothing which he cares more about than he does about his personal safety, is a miserable creature who has no chance of being free, unless made and kept so by the exertions of better men than himself. As long as justice and injustice have not terminated their ever-renewing fight for ascendancy in the affairs of mankind, human beings must be willing, when need is, to do battle for the one against the other.

„I thought the predominance of the aristocratic classes, the noble and the rich, in the English Constitution, an evil worth any struggle to get rid of; not on account of taxes, or any such comparatively small inconvenience, but as the great demoralizing agency in the country.“

—  John Stuart Mill, livro Autobiography

Autobiography (1873)
Contexto: I thought the predominance of the aristocratic classes, the noble and the rich, in the English Constitution, an evil worth any struggle to get rid of; not on account of taxes, or any such comparatively small inconvenience, but as the great demoralizing agency in the country. Demoralizing, first, because it made the conduct of the government an example of gross public immorality, through the predominance of private over public interests in the State, and the abuse of the powers of legislation for the advantage of classes. Secondly, and in a still greater degree, because the respect of the multitude always attaching itself principally to that which, in the existing state of society, is the chief passport to power; and under English institutions, riches, hereditary or acquired, being the almost exclusive source of political importance; riches, and the signs of riches, were almost the only things really respected, and the life of the people was mainly devoted to the pursuit of them. I thought, that while the higher and richer classes held the power of government, the instruction and improvement of the mass of the people were contrary to the self-interest of those classes, because tending to render the people more powerful for throwing off the yoke: but if the democracy obtained a large, and perhaps the principal, share in the governing power, it would become the interest of the opulent classes to promote their education, in order to ward off really mischievous errors, and especially those which would lead to unjust violations of property. On these grounds I was not only as ardent as ever for democratic institutions, but earnestly hoped that Owenite, St. Simonian, and all other anti-property doctrines might spread widely among the poorer classes; not that I thought those doctrines true, or desired that they should be acted on, but in order that the higher classes might be made to see that they had more to fear from the poor when uneducated, than when educated.

„Stupidity is much the same all the world over.“

—  John Stuart Mill, The Subjection of Women

Fonte: The Subjection of Women (1869), Ch. 1
Contexto: Stupidity is much the same all the world over. A stupid person's notions and feelings may confidently be inferred from those which prevail in the circle by which the person is surrounded. Not so with those whose opinions and feelings are an emanation from their own nature and faculties.

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