Frases de Hipócrates
Data de nascimento: 460
Hipócrates é considerado por muitos uma das figuras mais importantes da história da Medicina, frequentemente considerado "pai da medicina", apesar de ter desenvolvido tal ciência muito depois de Imhotep, do Egito antigo. É referido como uma das grandes figuras entre Sócrates, Aristóteles durante o florescimento intelectual ateniense . Hipócrates era um asclepíade, isto é, membro de uma família que durante várias gerações praticara os cuidados em saúde.
Nascido numa ilha grega, os dados sobre sua vida são incertos ou pouco confiáveis. Parece certo, contudo, que viajou pela Grécia e que esteve no Oriente Próximo.
Nas obras hipocráticas há uma série de descrições clínicas pelas quais se pode diagnosticar doenças como a malária, papeira, pneumonia [carece de fontes?] e tuberculose. Para o estudioso grego, muitas epidemias relacionavam-se com fatores climáticos, raciais, dietéticos e do meio onde as pessoas viviam. Muitos de seus comentários nos Aforismos são ainda hoje válidos. Seus escritos sobre anatomia contêm descrições claras tanto sobre instrumentos de dissecação quanto sobre procedimentos práticos.
Foi o líder incontestável da chamada "Escola de Cós". O que resta das suas obras testemunha a rejeição da superstição e das práticas mágicas da "saúde" primitiva, direcionando os conhecimentos em saúde no caminho científico.
Hipócrates fundamentou a sua prática na teoria dos quatro humores corporais que, consoante às quantidades relativas presentes no corpo, levariam a estados de equilíbrio ou de doença e dor . Esta teoria influenciou, por exemplo, Galeno, que desenvolveu a teoria dos humores e que dominou o conhecimento até o século XVIII.
Sua ética resume-se no famoso Juramento de Hipócrates. Porém, certos autores afirmam que o juramento teria sido elaborado numa época bastante posterior.
Epidemics, Book I, Ch. 2, Full text online at Wikisource Variant translation: The physician must be able to tell the antecedents, know the present, and foretell the future — must mediate these things, and have two special objects in view with regard to disease, namely, to do good or to do no harm. Paraphrased variants: Wherever a doctor cannot do good, he must be kept from doing harm. Viking Book of Aphorisms : A Personal Selection (1988) by W. H. Auden and Louis Kronenberger, p. 213.
„Time is that wherein there is opportunity, and opportunity is that wherein there is no great time.“
Context: Time is that wherein there is opportunity, and opportunity is that wherein there is no great time. Healing is a matter of time, but it is sometimes also a matter of opportunity. However, knowing this, one must attend to medical practice not primarily to plausible theories, but to experience combined with reason. For a theory is a composite memory of things apprehended with sense perception. Precepts, Ch. 1, as translated by W. H. S. Jones (1923).
„Certain s and physicians say that it is not possible for any one to know medicine who does not know what man is“
Context: Certain s and physicians say that it is not possible for any one to know medicine who does not know what man is, and that who ever would cure men properly, must learn this in the first place. But this saying rather appertains to philosophy, as Empedocles and certain others have described what man in his origin is, and how he first was made and constructed. But I think whatever such has been said or written by sophist or physician concerning nature has less connexion with the art of medicine than with the art of painting. And I think that one cannot know anything certain respecting nature from any other quarter than from medicine... Wherefore it appears to me necessary to every physician to be skilled in nature, and strive to know... what man is in relation to the articles of food and drink, and to his other occupations, and what are the effects of each of them to every one.<!--pp. 174-175
„Medicine is of all the Arts the most noble; but, owing to the ignorance of those who practice it, and of those who, inconsiderately, form a judgment of them, it is at present far behind all the other arts.“
Context: Medicine is of all the Arts the most noble; but, owing to the ignorance of those who practice it, and of those who, inconsiderately, form a judgment of them, it is at present far behind all the other arts. Their mistake appears to me to arise principally from this, that in the cities there is no punishment connected with the practice of medicine (and with it alone) except disgrace, and that does not hurt those who are familiar with it. Such persons are like the figures which are introduced in tragedies, for as they have the shape, and dress, and personal appearance of an actor, but are not actors, so also physicians are many in title but very few in reality. 1.
„I will follow that system of regimen which, according to my ability and judgment, I consider for the benefit of my patients, and abstain from whatever is deleterious and mischievous.“
Context: I will follow that system of regimen which, according to my ability and judgment, I consider for the benefit of my patients, and abstain from whatever is deleterious and mischievous. I will give no deadly medicine to any one if asked, nor suggest any such counsel; and in like manner I will not give to a woman a pessary to produce abortion.