Frases de Frederick Douglas

Frederick Douglas photo
12   6

Frederick Douglas

Data de nascimento: 14. Fevereiro 1818
Data de falecimento: 20. Fevereiro 1895
Outros nomes: பிரெடரிக் டக்ளஸ், فردریک داقلاس, ფრედერიკ დუგლასი, Φρέντερικ Ντάγκλας

Frederick Douglass, pseudônimo de Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey foi um abolicionista, estadista e escritor estadunidense. Chamado "O Sábio de Anacostia" ou "O Leão de Anacostia", ele foi dos mais eminentes afro-americanos do seu tempo, e dos mais influentes na história dos Estados Unidos.

Ele acreditava firmemente na igualdade de todas as pessoas, independentemente de raça, gênero, etnia ou nacionalidade. Ele gostava de dizer: "eu me uniria com qualquer pessoa para fazer o certo e com ninguém para fazer o mal".

Obras

Citações Frederick Douglas

„O correto não tem sexo - a verdade não tem cor.“

—  Frederick Douglas, Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave
Parte do lema de seu jornal, The North Star Original: Right is of no sex — Truth is of no color Source: Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave: An American Slave - Página xxv, de Frederick Douglass, Deborah E. McDowell - Publicado por Oxford University Press, 1999, ISBN 0192832506, 9780192832504 - 129 páginas

„Eu estava quebrado em corpo, alma e espírito. Minha elasticidade natural foi esmagada, meu intelecto languidesceu, a disposição de ler se foi, a faísca alegre que brilhava em meu olho morreu; a noite escura da escravidão fechou-se sobre mim; e eis um homem transformado em um bruto!“

—  Frederick Douglas
Narrativa de como foi ser submetido aos rigores da servidão no campo, sob cruéis castigos do feitor Source: Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, An American Slave, autobiografia, cap. 10 (1845) Original: I was broken in body, soul and spirit. My natural elasticity was crushed, my intellect languished, the disposition to read departed, the cheerful spark that lingered about my eye died; the dark night of slavery closed in upon me; and behold a man transformed into a brute!

„Você viram como um homem foi feito escravo; vocês verão como um escravo se fez um homem.“

—  Frederick Douglas
Idem. Narrativa de como saiu da escravidão para se tornar homem livre. Original: You have seen how a man was made a slave; you shall see how a slave was made a man.

„Eu não tenho nenhuma pretensão de fazer patriotismo. Enquanto a minha voz puder ser ouvida neste ou no outro lado do Atlântico, eu irei espalhar pela América o relâmpago de desprezo da indignação moral. Ao fazer isso, sentir-me-ei desempenhando o dever de um verdadeiro patriota; pois ele é um amante de seu país que repreende e não desculpa seus pecados. É a prática da justiça que exalta as nações, enquanto o pecado é o opróbrio dos povos.“

—  Frederick Douglas
Ao falar sobre o seu patriotismo, e como a nação poderia exigir o patriotismo do homem negro enquanto a escravidão e o preconceito vigessem. Trecho de discurso contra a escravidão proferido em 24 de setembro de 1847 Source: Discurso " Love of God, Love of Man, Love of Country http://archive.is/kJ4Bl", Syracuse, Nova Iorque (24 de setembro de 1847). Original: I make no pretension to patriotism. So long as my voice can be heard on this or the other side of the Atlantic, I will hold up America to the lightning scorn of moral indignation. In doing this, I shall feel myself discharging the duty of a true patriot; for he is a lover of his country who rebukes and does not excuse its sins. It is righteousness that exalteth a nation while sin is a reproach to any people.

„Ninguém pode colocar uma corrente sobre o tornozelo de seus semelhantes sem finalmente encontrar a outra extremidade presa em seu próprio pescoço.“

—  Frederick Douglas
Original: No man can put a chain about the ankle of his fellow man without at last finding the other end fastened about his own neck. Falando sobre o relacionamento entre opressores e oprimidos. Source: 10 Frederick Douglass Quotes Still Incredibly Relevant Today, Nick Chiles, 18/2/2015, Atlanta Black Star, 16/9/2017 http://atlantablackstar.com/2015/02/18/10-frederick-douglass-quotes-still-incredibly-relevant-today/4/,

„Os homens não amam aqueles que os fazem lembrar de seus pecados.“

—  Frederick Douglas
Original: Men do not love those who remind them of their sins. Explicando porque os pais de filhos com escravas não lhes tinham o amor devido. Source: Quote of the day: Frederick Douglass on Biracial Children, Frederick Douglass, 31 de dezembro de 2013, The Root, 15/1/2017 http://www.theroot.com/articles/history/2013/12/best_black_history_quotes_frederick_douglass_on_biracial_children/,

„Eu me uniria com qualquer um para fazer o certo e com ninguém para fazer o mal.“

—  Frederick Douglas
Trecho de uma palestra de 1855. Source: Palestra: The Anti-Slavery Movement http://books.google.pt/books?id=wN9Dj-_wM0IC&pg=PA33&dq=%22I+would+unite+with+anybody+to+do+right+and+with+nobody+to+do+wrong.%22&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22I%20would%20unite%20with%20anybody%20to%20do%20right%20and%20with%20nobody%20to%20do%20wrong.%22&f=false (1855). Original: I would unite with anybody to do right and with nobody to do wrong. Source: [20/12/2016, http://archive.is/iRu0T, http://www.theroot.com/articles/culture/2014/09/frederick_douglass_portrait_unveiled_as_1st_of_an_african_american_to_grace/, Historic Unveiling of Frederick Douglass Portrait at Governor’s Mansion in Md., Breanna Edwards, 16 de setembro de 2014, The Root, 20/12/2016]

„A vida da nação é segura somente enquanto a nação é honesta, verdadeira e virtuosa.“

—  Frederick Douglas
Original: The life of the nation is secure only while the nation is honest, truthful and virtuous. Falando sobre como um país pode vir a se tornar seguro.

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„Sem luta não há progresso. Aqueles que professam em favor da liberdade, depreciam a agitação, são pessoas que querem ceifar sem arar a terra. Eles querem chuva sem trovão e raios. Eles querem o oceano sem o terrível bramido de suas muitas águas. Esta luta pode ser moral; ou pode ser física; ou pode ser ambas, moral e física; mas ela deve ser uma luta. O poder não concede nada sem demanda. Nunca concedeu e nunca concederá.“

—  Frederick Douglas
Trecho de uma carta de 1848 para um amigo abolicionista Source: Citado em [18/12/2016, http://archive.is/bCMPT, http://www.revistas.usp.br/agraria/article/download/102/102, O movimento dos Trabalhadores Rurais Sem-Terra (MST) e a Democracia no Brasil, Miguel Carter (tradução: Imario Vieira), 2006, AGRÁRIA, São Paulo, Nº 4, pp. 124-164, 18/12/2016] (trabalho originalmente publicado pelo Centre for Brazilian Studies Working Paper CBS-60-05, University of Oxford, em maio de 2005 — pdf arquivado do cache do Google).

„É mais fácil construir crianças fortes do que reparar homens quebrados.“

—  Frederick Douglas
citado por seu descendente, Ken Morris Original: It's easier to build strong children than repair broken men. Source: Family of abolitionist Frederick Douglass continues his legacy, Jim Axelrod, CBS News, 19 de junho de 2013 http://www.cbsnews.com/news/family-of-abolitionist-frederick-douglass-continues-his-legacy/,

Citát „It's easier to build strong children then repair broken men.“

„I prefer to be true to myself, even at the hazard of incurring the ridicule of others, rather than to be false, and incur my own abhorrence.“

—  Frederick Douglass
1840s, Context: I look upon my departure from Colonel Lloyd's plantation as one of the most interesting events of my life. It is possible, and even quite probable, that but for the mere circumstance of being removed from that plantation to Baltimore, I should have to-day, instead of being here seated by my own table, in the enjoyment of freedom and the happiness of home, writing this Narrative, been confined in the galling chains of slavery. Going to live at Baltimore laid the foundation, and opened the gateway, to all my subsequent prosperity. I have ever regarded it as the first plain manifestation of that kind providence which has ever since attended me, and marked my life with so many favors. I regarded the selection of myself as being somewhat remarkable. There were a number of slave children that might have been sent from the plantation to Baltimore. There were those younger, those older, and those of the same age. I was chosen from among them all, and was the first, last, and only choice. I may be deemed superstitions, and even egotistical, in regarding this event as a special interposition of divine Providence in my favor. But I should be false to the earliest sentiments of my soul, if I suppressed the opinion. I prefer to be true to myself, even at the hazard of incurring the ridicule of others, rather than to be false, and incur my own abhorrence. From my earliest recollection, I date the entertainment of a deep conviction that slavery would not always be able to hold me within its foul embrace; and in the darkest hours of my career in slavery, this living word of faith and spirit of hope departed not from me, but remained like ministering angels to cheer me through the gloom. This good spirit was from God, and to him I offer thanksgiving and praise. Ch. 5

„Our Republic is itself a strong argument in favor of composite nationality.“

—  Frederick Douglass
1860s, Our Composite Nationality (1869), It is no disparagement to the Americans of English descent to affirm that much of the wealth, leisure, culture, refinement and civilization of the country are due to the arm of the negro and the muscle of the Irishman. Without these, and the wealth created by their sturdy toil, English civilization had still lingered this side of the Alleghanies, and the wolf still be howling on their summits. To no class of our population are we more indebted for valuable qualities of head, heart, and hand, than to the German. Say what we will of their lager, their smoke, and their metaphysics, they have brought to us a fresh, vigorous and child-like nature; a boundless facility in the acquisition of knowledge; a subtle and far-reaching intellect, and a fearless love of truth. Though remarkable for patient and laborious thought, the true German is a joyous child of freedom, fond of manly sports, a lover of music, and a happy man generally. Though he never forgets that he is a German, he never fails to remember that he is an American.

„The Chinese in themselves have first rate recommendations. They are industrious, docile, cleanly, frugal. They are dexterous of hand, patient in toil, marvelously gifted in the power of imitation, and have but few wants“

—  Frederick Douglass
1860s, Our Composite Nationality (1869), Context: Nevertheless, the experiment will be tried. So far as getting the Chinese into our country is concerned, it will yet be a success. This elephant will be drawn by our southern brethren, though they will hardly know in the end what to do with him. Appreciation of the value of Chinamen as laborers will, I apprehend, become general in this country. The north was never indifferent to the southern influence and example, and it will not be so in this instance. The Chinese in themselves have first rate recommendations. They are industrious, docile, cleanly, frugal. They are dexterous of hand, patient in toil, marvelously gifted in the power of imitation, and have but few wants. Those who have carefully observed their habits in California say that they subsist upon what would be almost starvation to others. The conclusion of the whole will be that they will want to come to us, and, as we become more liberal, we shall want them to come, and what we want done will naturally be done. They will no longer halt upon the shores of California. They will burrow no longer in her exhausted and deserted gold mines, where they have gathered wealth from barrenness, taking what others left. They will turn their backs not only upon the Celestial Empire but upon the golden shores of the Pacific, and the wide waste of waters whose majestic waves spoke to them of home and country. They will withdraw their eyes from the glowing West and fix them upon the rising sun. They will cross the mountains, cross the plains, descend our rivers, penetrate to the heart of the country and fix their home with us forever.

„American statesmanship, worthy of the name, is now taxing its energies to frame measures to meet the demands of constantly increasing expansion of power, responsibility and duty. Without fault or merit on either side, theirs or ours, the balance is largely in our favor. Like the grand old forests, renewed and enriched from decaying trunks once full of life and beauty, but now moss-covered, oozy and crumbling, we are destined to grow and flourish while they decline and fade“

—  Frederick Douglass
1860s, Our Composite Nationality (1869), Context: I am especially to speak to you of the character and mission of the United States, with special reference to the question whether we are the better or the worse for being composed of different races of men. I propose to consider first, what we are, second, what we are likely to be, and, thirdly, what we ought to be. Without undue vanity or unjust depreciation of others, we may claim to be, in many respects, the most fortunate of nations. We stand in relations to all others, as youth to age. Other nations have had their day of greatness and glory; we are yet to have our day, and that day is coming. The dawn is already upon us. It is bright and full of promise. Other nations have reached their culminating point. We are at the beginning of our ascent. They have apparently exhausted the conditions essential to their further growth and extension, while we are abundant in all the material essential to further national growth and greatness. The resources of European statesmanship are now sorely taxed to maintain their nationalities at their ancient height of greatness and power. American statesmanship, worthy of the name, is now taxing its energies to frame measures to meet the demands of constantly increasing expansion of power, responsibility and duty. Without fault or merit on either side, theirs or ours, the balance is largely in our favor. Like the grand old forests, renewed and enriched from decaying trunks once full of life and beauty, but now moss-covered, oozy and crumbling, we are destined to grow and flourish while they decline and fade. This is one view of American position and destiny. It is proper to notice that it is not the only view. Different opinions and conflicting judgments meet us here, as elsewhere.

„That we are here in peace today is a compliment and a credit to American civilization, and a prophecy of still greater national enlightenment and progress in the future. I refer to the past not in malice, for this is no day for malice, but simply to place more distinctly in front the gratifying and glorious change which has come both to our white fellow citizens and ourselves, and to congratulate all upon the contrast between now and then, the new dispensation of freedom with its thousand blessings to both races, and the old dispensation of slavery with its ten thousand evils to both races, white and black. In view, then, of the past, the present, and the future, with the long and dark history of our bondage behind us, and with liberty, progress, and enlightenment before us, I again congratulate you upon this auspicious day and hour“

—  Frederick Douglass
1870s, Oratory in Memory of Abraham Lincoln (1876), Context: Few facts could better illustrate the vast and wonderful change which has taken place in our condition as a people than the fact of our assembling here for the purpose we have today. Harmless, beautiful, proper, and praiseworthy as this demonstration is, I cannot forget that no such demonstration would have been tolerated here twenty years ago. The spirit of slavery and barbarism, which still lingers to blight and destroy in some dark and distant parts of our country, would have made our assembling here the signal and excuse for opening upon us all the flood-gates of wrath and violence. That we are here in peace today is a compliment and a credit to American civilization, and a prophecy of still greater national enlightenment and progress in the future. I refer to the past not in malice, for this is no day for malice, but simply to place more distinctly in front the gratifying and glorious change which has come both to our white fellow citizens and ourselves, and to congratulate all upon the contrast between now and then, the new dispensation of freedom with its thousand blessings to both races, and the old dispensation of slavery with its ten thousand evils to both races, white and black. In view, then, of the past, the present, and the future, with the long and dark history of our bondage behind us, and with liberty, progress, and enlightenment before us, I again congratulate you upon this auspicious day and hour.

„Nor was this, even at that time, a blind and unreasoning superstition. Despite the mist and haze that surrounded him; despite the tumult, the hurry, and confusion of the hour, we were able to take a comprehensive view of Abraham Lincoln, and to make reasonable allowance for the circumstances of his position. We saw him, measured him, and estimated him; not by stray utterances to injudicious and tedious delegations, who often tried his patience; not by isolated facts torn from their connection; not by any partial and imperfect glimpses, caught at inopportune moments; but by a broad survey, in the light of the stern logic of great events, and in view of that divinity which shapes our ends, rough hew them how we will, we came to the conclusion that the hour and the man of our redemption had somehow met in the person of Abraham Lincoln. It mattered little to us what language he might employ on special occasions; it mattered little to us, when we fully knew him, whether he was swift or slow in his movements; it was enough for us that Abraham Lincoln was at the head of a great movement, and was in living and earnest sympathy with that movement, which, in the nature of things, must go on until slavery should be utterly and forever abolished in the United States“

—  Frederick Douglass
1870s, Oratory in Memory of Abraham Lincoln (1876), Context: Fellow citizens, ours is no new-born zeal and devotion — merely a thing of this moment. The name of Abraham Lincoln was near and dear to our hearts in the darkest and most perilous hours of the republic. We were no more ashamed of him when shrouded in clouds of darkness, of doubt, and defeat than when we saw him crowned with victory, honor, and glory. Our faith in him was often taxed and strained to the uttermost, but it never failed. When he tarried long in the mountain; when he strangely told us that we were the cause of the war; when he still more strangely told us that we were to leave the land in which we were born; when he refused to employ our arms in defense of the Union; when, after accepting our services as colored soldiers, he refused to retaliate our murder and torture as colored prisoners; when he told us he would save the Union if he could with slavery; when he revoked the Proclamation of Emancipation of General Fremont; when he refused to remove the popular commander of the Army of the Potomac, in the days of its inaction and defeat, who was more zealous in his efforts to protect slavery than to suppress rebellion; when we saw all this, and more, we were at times grieved, stunned, and greatly bewildered; but our hearts believed while they ached and bled. Nor was this, even at that time, a blind and unreasoning superstition. Despite the mist and haze that surrounded him; despite the tumult, the hurry, and confusion of the hour, we were able to take a comprehensive view of Abraham Lincoln, and to make reasonable allowance for the circumstances of his position. We saw him, measured him, and estimated him; not by stray utterances to injudicious and tedious delegations, who often tried his patience; not by isolated facts torn from their connection; not by any partial and imperfect glimpses, caught at inopportune moments; but by a broad survey, in the light of the stern logic of great events, and in view of that divinity which shapes our ends, rough hew them how we will, we came to the conclusion that the hour and the man of our redemption had somehow met in the person of Abraham Lincoln. It mattered little to us what language he might employ on special occasions; it mattered little to us, when we fully knew him, whether he was swift or slow in his movements; it was enough for us that Abraham Lincoln was at the head of a great movement, and was in living and earnest sympathy with that movement, which, in the nature of things, must go on until slavery should be utterly and forever abolished in the United States.

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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