Frases de Frederick Douglas

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Frederick Douglas

Data de nascimento: 1818
Data de falecimento: 20. Fevereiro 1895
Outros nomes: பிரெடரிக் டக்ளஸ், فردریک داقلاس, ფრედერიკ დუგლასი, Φρέντερικ Ντάγκλας

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Frederick Douglass, pseudônimo de Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey foi um abolicionista, estadista e escritor estadunidense. Chamado "O Sábio de Anacostia" ou "O Leão de Anacostia", ele foi dos mais eminentes afro-americanos do seu tempo, e dos mais influentes na história dos Estados Unidos.

Ele acreditava firmemente na igualdade de todas as pessoas, independentemente de raça, gênero, etnia ou nacionalidade. Ele gostava de dizer: "eu me uniria com qualquer pessoa para fazer o certo e com ninguém para fazer o mal".

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Citações Frederick Douglas

„O correto não tem sexo - a verdade não tem cor.“

—  Frederick Douglas
Parte do lema de seu jornal, The North Star Original: Right is of no sex — Truth is of no color Source: Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave: An American Slave - Página xxv, de Frederick Douglass, Deborah E. McDowell - Publicado por Oxford University Press, 1999, ISBN 0192832506, 9780192832504 - 129 páginas

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„Eu estava quebrado em corpo, alma e espírito. Minha elasticidade natural foi esmagada, meu intelecto languidesceu, a disposição de ler se foi, a faísca alegre que brilhava em meu olho morreu; a noite escura da escravidão fechou-se sobre mim; e eis um homem transformado em um bruto!“

—  Frederick Douglas
Narrativa de como foi ser submetido aos rigores da servidão no campo, sob cruéis castigos do feitor Source: Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, An American Slave, autobiografia, cap. 10 (1845) Original: I was broken in body, soul and spirit. My natural elasticity was crushed, my intellect languished, the disposition to read departed, the cheerful spark that lingered about my eye died; the dark night of slavery closed in upon me; and behold a man transformed into a brute!

„Você viram como um homem foi feito escravo; vocês verão como um escravo se fez um homem.“

—  Frederick Douglas
Idem. Narrativa de como saiu da escravidão para se tornar homem livre. Original: You have seen how a man was made a slave; you shall see how a slave was made a man.

„Eu não tenho nenhuma pretensão de fazer patriotismo. Enquanto a minha voz puder ser ouvida neste ou no outro lado do Atlântico, eu irei espalhar pela América o relâmpago de desprezo da indignação moral. Ao fazer isso, sentir-me-ei desempenhando o dever de um verdadeiro patriota; pois ele é um amante de seu país que repreende e não desculpa seus pecados. É a prática da justiça que exalta as nações, enquanto o pecado é o opróbrio dos povos.“

—  Frederick Douglas
Ao falar sobre o seu patriotismo, e como a nação poderia exigir o patriotismo do homem negro enquanto a escravidão e o preconceito vigessem. Trecho de discurso contra a escravidão proferido em 24 de setembro de 1847 Source: Discurso " Love of God, Love of Man, Love of Country http://archive.is/kJ4Bl", Syracuse, Nova Iorque (24 de setembro de 1847). Original: I make no pretension to patriotism. So long as my voice can be heard on this or the other side of the Atlantic, I will hold up America to the lightning scorn of moral indignation. In doing this, I shall feel myself discharging the duty of a true patriot; for he is a lover of his country who rebukes and does not excuse its sins. It is righteousness that exalteth a nation while sin is a reproach to any people.

„Eu me uniria com qualquer um para fazer o certo e com ninguém para fazer o mal.“

—  Frederick Douglas
Trecho de uma palestra de 1855. Source: Palestra: The Anti-Slavery Movement http://books.google.pt/books?id=wN9Dj-_wM0IC&pg=PA33&dq=%22I+would+unite+with+anybody+to+do+right+and+with+nobody+to+do+wrong.%22&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22I%20would%20unite%20with%20anybody%20to%20do%20right%20and%20with%20nobody%20to%20do%20wrong.%22&f=false (1855). Original: I would unite with anybody to do right and with nobody to do wrong. Source: [20/12/2016, http://archive.is/iRu0T, http://www.theroot.com/articles/culture/2014/09/frederick_douglass_portrait_unveiled_as_1st_of_an_african_american_to_grace/, Historic Unveiling of Frederick Douglass Portrait at Governor’s Mansion in Md., Breanna Edwards, 16 de setembro de 2014, The Root, 20/12/2016]

„Ninguém pode colocar uma corrente sobre o tornozelo de seus semelhantes sem finalmente encontrar a outra extremidade presa em seu próprio pescoço.“

—  Frederick Douglas
Original: No man can put a chain about the ankle of his fellow man without at last finding the other end fastened about his own neck. Falando sobre o relacionamento entre opressores e oprimidos. Source: 10 Frederick Douglass Quotes Still Incredibly Relevant Today, Nick Chiles, 18/2/2015, Atlanta Black Star, 16/9/2017 http://atlantablackstar.com/2015/02/18/10-frederick-douglass-quotes-still-incredibly-relevant-today/4/,

„A vida da nação é segura somente enquanto a nação é honesta, verdadeira e virtuosa.“

—  Frederick Douglas
Original: The life of the nation is secure only while the nation is honest, truthful and virtuous. Falando sobre como um país pode vir a se tornar seguro.

„Os homens não amam aqueles que os fazem lembrar de seus pecados.“

—  Frederick Douglas
Original: Men do not love those who remind them of their sins. Explicando porque os pais de filhos com escravas não lhes tinham o amor devido. Source: Quote of the day: Frederick Douglass on Biracial Children, Frederick Douglass, 31 de dezembro de 2013, The Root, 15/1/2017 http://www.theroot.com/articles/history/2013/12/best_black_history_quotes_frederick_douglass_on_biracial_children/,

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„Sem luta não há progresso. Aqueles que professam em favor da liberdade, depreciam a agitação, são pessoas que querem ceifar sem arar a terra. Eles querem chuva sem trovão e raios. Eles querem o oceano sem o terrível bramido de suas muitas águas. Esta luta pode ser moral; ou pode ser física; ou pode ser ambas, moral e física; mas ela deve ser uma luta. O poder não concede nada sem demanda. Nunca concedeu e nunca concederá.“

—  Frederick Douglas
Trecho de uma carta de 1848 para um amigo abolicionista Source: Citado em [18/12/2016, http://archive.is/bCMPT, http://www.revistas.usp.br/agraria/article/download/102/102, O movimento dos Trabalhadores Rurais Sem-Terra (MST) e a Democracia no Brasil, Miguel Carter (tradução: Imario Vieira), 2006, AGRÁRIA, São Paulo, Nº 4, pp. 124-164, 18/12/2016] (trabalho originalmente publicado pelo Centre for Brazilian Studies Working Paper CBS-60-05, University of Oxford, em maio de 2005 — pdf arquivado do cache do Google).

„É mais fácil construir crianças fortes do que reparar homens quebrados.“

—  Frederick Douglas
citado por seu descendente, Ken Morris Original: It's easier to build strong children than repair broken men. Source: Family of abolitionist Frederick Douglass continues his legacy, Jim Axelrod, CBS News, 19 de junho de 2013 http://www.cbsnews.com/news/family-of-abolitionist-frederick-douglass-continues-his-legacy/,

Citát „It's easier to build strong children then repair broken men.“

„I prefer to be true to myself, even at the hazard of incurring the ridicule of others, rather than to be false, and incur my own abhorrence.“

—  Frederick Douglass
1840s, Context: I look upon my departure from Colonel Lloyd's plantation as one of the most interesting events of my life. It is possible, and even quite probable, that but for the mere circumstance of being removed from that plantation to Baltimore, I should have to-day, instead of being here seated by my own table, in the enjoyment of freedom and the happiness of home, writing this Narrative, been confined in the galling chains of slavery. Going to live at Baltimore laid the foundation, and opened the gateway, to all my subsequent prosperity. I have ever regarded it as the first plain manifestation of that kind providence which has ever since attended me, and marked my life with so many favors. I regarded the selection of myself as being somewhat remarkable. There were a number of slave children that might have been sent from the plantation to Baltimore. There were those younger, those older, and those of the same age. I was chosen from among them all, and was the first, last, and only choice. I may be deemed superstitions, and even egotistical, in regarding this event as a special interposition of divine Providence in my favor. But I should be false to the earliest sentiments of my soul, if I suppressed the opinion. I prefer to be true to myself, even at the hazard of incurring the ridicule of others, rather than to be false, and incur my own abhorrence. From my earliest recollection, I date the entertainment of a deep conviction that slavery would not always be able to hold me within its foul embrace; and in the darkest hours of my career in slavery, this living word of faith and spirit of hope departed not from me, but remained like ministering angels to cheer me through the gloom. This good spirit was from God, and to him I offer thanksgiving and praise. Ch. 5

„Our Republic is itself a strong argument in favor of composite nationality.“

—  Frederick Douglass
1860s, Our Composite Nationality (1869), It is no disparagement to the Americans of English descent to affirm that much of the wealth, leisure, culture, refinement and civilization of the country are due to the arm of the negro and the muscle of the Irishman. Without these, and the wealth created by their sturdy toil, English civilization had still lingered this side of the Alleghanies, and the wolf still be howling on their summits. To no class of our population are we more indebted for valuable qualities of head, heart, and hand, than to the German. Say what we will of their lager, their smoke, and their metaphysics, they have brought to us a fresh, vigorous and child-like nature; a boundless facility in the acquisition of knowledge; a subtle and far-reaching intellect, and a fearless love of truth. Though remarkable for patient and laborious thought, the true German is a joyous child of freedom, fond of manly sports, a lover of music, and a happy man generally. Though he never forgets that he is a German, he never fails to remember that he is an American.

„In regard to the colored people, there is always more that is benevolent, I perceive, than just, manifested towards us. What I ask for the negro is not benevolence, not pity, not sympathy, but simply justice.“

—  Frederick Douglass
1860s, What the Black Man Wants (1865), Context: In regard to the colored people, there is always more that is benevolent, I perceive, than just, manifested towards us. What I ask for the negro is not benevolence, not pity, not sympathy, but simply justice. The American people have always been anxious to know what they shall do with us... I have had but one answer from the beginning. Do nothing with us! Your doing with us has already played the mischief with us. Do nothing with us! If the apples will not remain on the tree of their own strength, if they are worm-eaten at the core, if they are early ripe and disposed to fall, let them fall! … And if the negro cannot stand on his own legs, let him fall also. All I ask is, give him a chance to stand on his own legs! Let him alone! If you see him on his way to school, let him alone, don't disturb him! If you see him going to the dinner table at a hotel, let him go! If you see him going to the ballot box, let him alone, don't disturb him! If you see him going into a work-shop, just let him alone, — your interference is doing him positive injury.

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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