Frases de David Ricardo

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David Ricardo

Data de nascimento: 18. Abril 1772
Data de falecimento: 11. Setembro 1823

David Ricardo foi um economista e político britânico - um dos mais influentes economistas clássicos, ao lado de Thomas Malthus, Adam Smith e James Mill. Ricardo tem origens sefarditas.

Citações David Ricardo

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„Under a system of perfectly free commerce, each country naturally devotes its capital and labour to such employments as are most beneficial to each.“

—  David Ricardo

Fonte: The Principles of Political Economy and Taxation (1821) (Third Edition), Chapter VII, On Foreign Trade, p. 81 (See also.. Karl Marx, Das Kapital,(Buch II), Chapter XX, p. 474)
Contexto: Under a system of perfectly free commerce, each country naturally devotes its capital and labour to such employments as are most beneficial to each. This pursuit of individual advantage is admirably connected with the universal good of the whole. By stimulating industry, by rewarding ingenuity, and by using most efficaciously the peculiar powers bestowed by nature, it distributes labour most effectively and most economically: while, by increasing the general mass of productions, it diffuses general benefit, and binds together, by one common tie of interest and intercourse, the universal society of nations throughout the civilized world.

„I am told that I adopt new and unusual language, not reconcilable with the true principals of the science. To me it appears that the unusual and, indeed, inconsistent language is that used by my opponents.“

—  David Ricardo

Fonte: The Principles of Political Economy and Taxation (1821) (Third Edition), Chapter I, Section I, On Value, p. 11
Contexto: If I have to hire a labourer for a week, and instead of ten shillings I pay him eight, no variation having taken place in the value of money, the labourer can probably obtain more food and necessaries with his eight shillings than he before obtained for ten: but this is owing, not to a rise in the real value of his wages, as stated by Adam Smith, and more recently by Mr. Malthus, but to a fall in the value of the things on which his wages are expended, things perfectly distinct; and yet for calling this a fall in the real value of wages, I am told that I adopt new and unusual language, not reconcilable with the true principals of the science. To me it appears that the unusual and, indeed, inconsistent language is that used by my opponents.

„The farmer and manufacturer can no more live without profit than the labourer without wages.“

—  David Ricardo

Fonte: The Principles of Political Economy and Taxation (1821) (Third Edition), Chapter VI, On Profits, p. 73

„A BOUNTY on the exportation of corn tends to lower its price to the foreign consumer, but it has no permanent effect on its price in the home market.“

—  David Ricardo

Fonte: The Principles of Political Economy and Taxation (1821) (Third Edition), Chapter XXII, Bounties and Prohibitions, p. 201

„Money is neither a material to work upon nor a tool to work with.“

—  David Ricardo

The High Price of Bullion (1810) http://socserv.mcmaster.ca/econ/ugcm/3ll3/ricardo/bullion

„The demand for money is regulated entirely by its value, and its value by its quantity.“

—  David Ricardo

Fonte: The Principles of Political Economy and Taxation (1821) (Third Edition), Chapter XIII, Taxes on Gold, p. 123

„If English money was of the same value then as before, Hamburgh money must have risen in value. But where is the proof of this?“

—  David Ricardo

Fonte: The Principles of Political Economy and Taxation (1821) (Third Edition), Chapter VII, On Foreign Trade, p. 93

„It has been my endeavour to show in this work that a fall of wages would have no other effect than to raise profits.“

—  David Ricardo

Fonte: The Principles of Political Economy and Taxation (1821) (Third Edition), Chapter XXXII, Malthus on Rent, p. 281

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„The variation in the value of money, however great, makes no difference in the rate of profits;…“

—  David Ricardo

Fonte: The Principles of Political Economy and Taxation (1821) (Third Edition), Chapter I, On Value, p. 32

„The wheat bought by a farmer to sow is comparatively a fixed capital to the wheat purchased by a baker to make into loaves.“

—  David Ricardo

Fonte: The Principles of Political Economy and Taxation (1821) (Third Edition), Chapter I, Section IV, On Value, p. 19

„If a tax on malt would raise the price of beer, a tax on bread must raise the price of bread.“

—  David Ricardo

Fonte: The Principles of Political Economy and Taxation (1821) (Third Edition), Chapter XVII, Taxes on Other Commodities, p. 168

„But a tax on luxuries would no other effect than to raise their price. It would fall wholly on the consumer, and could neither increase wages nor lower profits.“

—  David Ricardo

Fonte: The Principles of Political Economy and Taxation (1821) (Third Edition), Chapter XVII, Taxes on Other Commodities, p. 161 (see also.. Consumption Tax)

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