Frases de Pierre Bourdieu

Pierre Bourdieu foto

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Pierre Bourdieu

Data de nascimento: 1. Agosto 1930
Data de falecimento: 23. Janeiro 2002

Pierre Félix Bourdieu foi um sociólogo francês.

De origem campesina, filósofo de formação, foi docente na École de Sociologie du Collège de France. Desenvolveu, ao longo de sua vida, diversos trabalhos abordando a questão da dominação e é um dos autores mais lidos, em todo o mundo, nos campos da antropologia e sociologia, cuja contribuição alcança as mais variadas áreas do conhecimento humano, discutindo em sua obra temas como educação, cultura, literatura, arte, mídia, linguística e política. Também escreveu muito sobre a sociologia da Sociologia. A sociedade cabila, na Argélia, foi o palco de suas primeiras pesquisas. Seu primeiro livro, Sociologia da Argélia , discute a organização social da sociedade cabila, e em particular, como o sistema colonial interferiu na sociedade cabila, em suas estruturas e desculturação. Dirigiu, por muitos anos, a revista Actes de la recherche en sciences sociales e presidiu o CISIA , sempre se posicionado claramente contra o liberalismo e a globalização.

O mundo social, para Bourdieu, deve ser compreendido à luz de três conceitos fundamentais: campo, habitus e capital.

Citações Pierre Bourdieu

„O pedante compreende sem sentimento profundo, enquanto o mundano usufrui sem compreender.“ Distinction: A Social Critique of the Judgement of Taste

„A comunicação é instantânea porque, em certo sentido, ela não existe.“ On Television

„Parece necessário interrogar-se sobre essa ausência de interrogação.“ On Television

„Male domination is so rooted in our collective unconscious that we no longer even see it.“

„Every established order tends to produce the naturalization of its own arbitrariness.“

„The mind is a metaphor of the world of objects.“

„I would simply ask why so many critics, so many writers, so many philosophers take such satisfaction in professing that the experience of a work of art is ineffable, that it escapes by definition all rational understanding; why are they so eager to concede without a struggle the defeat of knowledge; and where does their irrepressible need to belittle rational understanding come from, this rage to affirm the irreducibility of the work of art, or, to use a more suitable word, its transcendence.“ The Rules of Art: Genesis and Structure of the Literary Field

„Unless saved by exceptional talent, he necessarily pays a price for clarity.“ Academic Discourse: Linguistic Misunderstanding and Professorial Power

„To subject to scrutiny the mechanisms which render life painful, even untenable, is not to neutralize them; to bring to light contradictions is not to resolve them. But, as skeptical as one might be about the efficacy of the sociological message, we cannot dismiss the effect it can have by allowing sufferers to discover the possible social causes of their suffering and, thus, to be relieved of blame.“ The Weight of the World: Social Suffering in Contemporary Society

„In the case of sociology however, we are always walking on hot coals, and the things we discuss are alive, they're not dead and buried“

„Only in imaginary experience (in the folk tale, for example), which neutralizes the sense of social realities, does the social world take the form of a universe of possibles equally possible for any possible subject.“ The Logic of Practice

„As if femininity were measured by the art of 'shrinking'... women are held in a kind of invisible enclosure (of which the veil is only the visible manifestation) circumscribing the space allowed for the movements and postures of their bodies (whereas men occupy more space, especially in public places). This symbolic confinement is secured practically by their clothing by their clothing which (as was even more visible in former times) has the effect not only of masking the body but of continuously calling it to order.“ Masculine Domination

„what I defend above all is the possibility and the necessity of the critical intellectual, who is firstly critical of the intellectual doxa secreted by the doxosophers. there is no genuine democracy without genuine opposing critical powers. the intellectual is one of those, of the first magnitude. that is why I think that the work of demolishing the critical intellectual, living or dead - marx, nietzsche, sartre, foucault, and some others who are grouped together under the label pansee 68- is as dangerous as the demolition of the public interest and that it is part of the same process of restoration.
of course I would prefer it if intellectuals had all, and always, lived up to the immense historical responsibility they bear and if they had always invested in their actions not only their moral authority but also their intellectual competence- like, to cite just one example, pierre vidal-naquet, who has engaged all his mastery of historical method in a critique of the abuses of history. having said that, in the words of karl kraus, 'between two evils, I refuse to choose the lesser.' whole I have little indulgence for 'irresponsible' intellectuals, I have even less respect for the 'intellectuals' of the political-administrative establishment, polymorphous polygraphs who polish their annual essays between two meetings of boards of directors, three publishers' parties and miscellaneous television appearances.“
Acts of Resistance: Against the Tyranny of the Market

„The radical questionnings announced by philosophy are in fact circumscribed by the interests linked to membership in the philosophical field, that is, to the very existence of this field and the corresponding censorships.“ Distinction: A Social Critique of the Judgement of Taste

„Those who suppose they are producing a materialist theory of knowledge when they make knowledge a passive recording and abandon the “active aspect” of knowledge to idealism, as Marx complains in the theses on Feuerbach, forget that all knowledge, and in particular all knowledge of the social world, is an act of construction implementing schemes of thought and expression, and that between conditions of existence and practices or representations there intervenes the structuring activity of the agents, who, far from reacting mechanically to mechanical stimulations, respond to the invitations or threats of a world whose meaning they have helped to produce.“ Distinction: A Social Critique of the Judgement of Taste

„El cuestionamiento de las formas de pensamiento vigentes que efectúa la revolución simbólica y la originalidad absoluta de lo que engendra tiene como contra partida la soledad absoluta que implica la transgresión de los límites de lo pensable. Este pensamiento que así se ha convertido en su propia medida no puede esperar en efecto que mentes estructuradas según esas mismas categorías que cuestiona puedan pensar este impensable.“ The Rules of Art: Genesis and Structure of the Literary Field

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