Frases de Margaret Olwen MacMillan

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Margaret Olwen MacMillan

Data de nascimento: 23. Dezembro 1943

Margaret Olwen MacMillan é uma historiadora e professora universitária.


„No ínicio, França e Bélgica argumentavam que o dano direto deveria receber prioridade em qualquer distribuição de reparações. No norte francês, altamente industrializado, os alemães levaram tudo o que queriam para o uso própio e destruíram muito do que sobrara. Mesmo batendo em retirada em 1918, as forças alemães encontraram tempo para destruir as minas de carvão mais importantes da França.“

„We can learn from history, but we can also deceive ourselves when we selectively take evidence from the past to justify what we have already made up our minds to do.“


„What may seem like a reasonable way of protecting oneself can look very different from the other side of the border.“ The War that Ended Peace: How Europe abandoned Peace for the First World War

„They should have remembered that famous saying of Bismarck: “Preventive war is like committing suicide out of fear of death.“ The War That Ended Peace: The Road To 1914

„The delegates to the peace conference after World War I "tried to impose a rational order on an irrational world.“ Paris 1919: Six Months That Changed the World

„The glories of the past compensated for the imperfections of the present.“ Paris 1919: Six Months That Changed the World

„His older compatriot Friedrich Nietzsche had entertained no such hopes: “For long now our entire European culture has been moving with a tormenting tension that grows greater from decade to decade, as if towards a catastrophe: restless, violent, precipitate, like a river that wants to reach its end.”23“ The War That Ended Peace: The Road to 1914

„In a secular world, which is what most of us in Europe and North America live in, history takes on the role of showing us good and evil, virtues and vices. Religion no longer plays as important a part as it once did in setting moral standards and transmitting values.... History with a capital H is being called in to fill the void. It restores a sense not necessarily of a divine being but of something above and beyond human beings. It is our authority: it can vindicate us and judge us, and damn those who oppose us.“ The Uses and Abuses of History


„As the American historian John Lewis Gaddis put it, it is like looking in a rearview mirror: if you only look back, you will land in the ditch, but it helps to know where you have come from and who else is on the road.“ Dangerous Games

„Theodore Rex. Roosevelt was driven by ambition, idealism and vanity. As his daughter famously remarked: “My father always wanted to be the corpse at every funeral, the bride at every wedding, and the baby at every christening.“ The War That Ended Peace: The Road to 1914

„We have engrossed to ourselves, in a time when other powerful nations were paralysed by barbarism or internal war, an altogether disproportionate share of the wealth and traffic of the world. We have got all we want in territory, and our claim to be left in the unmolested enjoyment of vast and splendid possessions, mainly acquired by violence, largely maintained by force, often seems less reasonable to others than to us.“ The War That Ended Peace: The Road to 1914

„In the fluid world of 1919, it was possible to dream of great change, or have nightmares about the collapse of order.“ Paris 1919: Six Months That Changed the World


„The failure of the talks between Chamberlain and the German ambassador in London, the public and private outbursts of the Kaiser, the well-reported anti-British and pro-Boer sentiment among the German public, even the silly controversy over whether Chamberlain had insulted the Prussian army, all left their residue of mistrust and resentments in Britain as well as in Germany.“ The War That Ended Peace: The Road to 1914

„We should not be impressed when our leaders say firmly, "History teaches us" or "History will show that we were right."
They can oversimplify and force inexact comparisons just as much as any of us can. Even the clever and the powerful (and the two are not necessarily the same) go confidently off down the wrong paths. It is useful, too, to be reminded, as a citizen, that those in positions of authority do not always know better.“

„Part of Nietzsche’s appeal was that it was easy to read a great deal into his work, and people including socialists, vegetarians, feminists, conservatives and, later, the Nazis did. Sadly, Nietzsche was not available to explain himself; he went mad in 1889 and died in 1900, the year of the Paris Exposition.“ The War That Ended Peace: The Road to 1914

„IF YOU BELIEVE THE DOCTORS,” Salisbury once remarked, “nothing is wholesome; if you believe the theologians, nothing is innocent; if you believe the soldiers, nothing is safe.“ The War That Ended Peace: The Road to 1914

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