Frases de Friedrich Schlegel

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Friedrich Schlegel

Data de nascimento: 10. Março 1772
Data de falecimento: 12. Janeiro 1829
Outros nomes: Karl Wilhelm Friedrich von Schlegel

Friedrich Schlegel foi um poeta, crítico literário, filósofo, filólogo, indologista e tradutor alemão. Irmão mais novo do também filósofo August Wilhelm Schlegel. Participou da primeira fase do Romantismo na literatura alemã, o Jena Romantismo. Schelegel foi um pioneiro nos estudos dos idiomas indo-europeus , também da Linguística comparativa. A correspondência entre p Latina e f germânica foi observada pela primeira vez por ele em 1806 e será o prelúdio da Lei de Grimm, em 1822, descrita em detalhes por Jacob Grimm. Os irmãos Friedrich e August Schlegel trabalharam a classificação tipológica das línguas, ou seja, a divisão morfológica "clássica" de tipos de línguas: isolantes , aglutinantes, flexivas e polissintéticas.

Citações Friedrich Schlegel

„It is individuality which is the original and eternal within man; personality doesn’t matter so much. To pursue the education and development of this individuality as one’s highest vocation would be a divine egoism.“

—  Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Schlegel

Grade die Individualität ist das Ursprüngliche und Ewige im Menschen; an der Personalität ist so viel nicht gelegen. Die Bildung und Entwicklung dieser Individualität als höchsten Beruf zu treiben, wäre ein göttlicher Egoismus.
“Selected Ideas (1799-1800)”, Dialogue on Poetry and Literary Aphorisms, Ernst Behler and Roman Struc, trans. (Pennsylvania University Press:1968) # 60

„Prudishness is pretense of innocence without innocence.“

—  Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Schlegel

“Selected Aphorisms from the Athenaeum (1798)”, Dialogue on Poetry and Literary Aphorisms, Ernst Behler and Roman Struc, trans. (Pennsylvania University Press:1968) #31
Athenäum (1798 - 1800)
Contexto: Prudishness is pretense of innocence without innocence. Women have to remain prudish as long as men are sentimental, dense, and evil enough to demand of them eternal innocence and lack of education. For innocence is the only thing which can ennoble lack of education.

„If there is an invisible church, then it is of the great paradox, which is inseparable from morality, and which must be distinguished from the merely philosophical. People who are so eccentric that they are completely serious in being and becoming virtuous understand one another in everything, find one another easily, and form a silent opposition against the prevailing immorality that pretends to be morality.“

—  Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Schlegel

Athenäumsfragmente 414
Variant translations:
People who are eccentric enough to be quite seriously virtuous understand each other everywhere, discover each other easily, and form a silent opposition to the ruling immorality that happens to pass for morality.
Philosophical Fragments, P. Firchow, trans. (1991) § 414
Athenäum (1798 - 1800)
Contexto: If there is an invisible church, then it is of the great paradox, which is inseparable from morality, and which must be distinguished from the merely philosophical. People who are so eccentric that they are completely serious in being and becoming virtuous understand one another in everything, find one another easily, and form a silent opposition against the prevailing immorality that pretends to be morality. A certain mysticism of expression, which joined with romantic fantasy and grammatical understanding, can be something charming and good, often serves as a symbol of their beautiful secrets.

„Poetry can be criticized only through poetry.“

—  Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Schlegel

“Selected Aphorisms from the Lyceum (1797)”, Dialogue on Poetry and Literary Aphorisms, Ernst Behler and Roman Struc, trans. (Pennsylvania University Press:1968) #117
Contexto: Poetry can be criticized only through poetry. A critique which itself is not a work of art, either in content as representation of the necessary impression in the process of creation, or through its beautiful form and in its liberal tone in the spirit of the old Roman satire, has no right of citizenship in the realm of art.

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„In India lay the real source of all tongues, of all thoughts and utterances of the human mind. Everything - yes, everything without exception - has it origin in India."“

—  Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Schlegel

and "The primary source of all intellectual development - in a word the whole human culture - is unquestionably to be found in the tradItions of the East.

quoted in Londhe, S. (2008). A tribute to Hinduism: Thoughts and wisdom spanning continents and time about India and her culture. New Delhi: Pragun Publication.

„The artist should have as little desire to rule as to serve. He can only create, do nothing but create, and so help the state only by … exalting politicians and economists into artists.“

—  Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Schlegel

Der Künstler darf eben so wenig herrschen als dienen wollen. 15 Er kann nur bilden, nichts als bilden, für den Staat also nur das thun, dass er Herrscher und Diener bilde, dass er Politiker und Oekonomen zu Künstlern erhebe.
“Ideas,” Lucinde and the Fragments, P. Firchow, trans. (1991), § 54

„A mediator is one who perceives the divinity within himself and who self-destructively sacrifices himself in order to reveal, communicate, and represent to all mankind this divinity in his conduct and actions, in his words and works.“

—  Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Schlegel

Ein Mittler ist derjenige, der Göttliches in sich wahrnimmt, und sich selbst vernichtend Preis giebt, um dieses Göttliche zu verkündigen, mitzutheilen, und darzustellen allen Menschen in Sitten und Thaten, in Worten und Werken.
“Ideas,” Lucinde and the Fragments, P. Firchow, trans. (1991), § 44

„Aphorisms are the true form of the universal philosophy.“

—  Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Schlegel

Fragmente, sagen Sie, wären die eigentliche Form der Universalphilosophie.
“A” in “Selected Aphorisms from the Athenaeum (1798)”, Dialogue on Poetry and Literary Aphorisms, Ernst Behler and Roman Struc, trans. (Pennsylvania University Press:1968) #259
Athenäum (1798 - 1800)

„Moderation is the spirit of castrated narrow-mindedness.“

—  Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Schlegel

“Selected Aphorisms from the Athenaeum (1798)”, Dialogue on Poetry and Literary Aphorisms, Ernst Behler and Roman Struc, trans. (Pennsylvania University Press:1968) #64
Athenäum (1798 - 1800)

„The romantic poetry is a progressive universal poetry.“

—  Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Schlegel

Die romantische Poesie ist eine progressive Universalpoesie.
Progressive Universalpoesie (1798); in the German language, particularly in the Romantic schools, "Poesie" means both poetry as genre and faculty and the source of creativity to form poetry.

„To give the community of artists a particular purpose would mean … debasing the community of saints into a state.“

—  Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Schlegel

Dem Bunde der Künstler einen bestimmten Zweck geben, das heisst ein dürftiges Institut an die Stelle des ewigen Vereins setzen; das heisst die Gemeinde der Heiligen zum Staat erniedrigen.
“Ideas,” Lucinde and the Fragments, P. Firchow, trans. (1991), § 49

„The Satan of the Italian and English poets may be poetic; but the German Satan is satanic; and thus one could say that Satan is a German invention.“

—  Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Schlegel

Der Satan der italienischen und englischen Dichter mag poetischer sein; aber der deutsche Satan ist satanischer; und insofern könnte man sagen, der Satan sei eine deutsche Erfindung.
Athenäumsfragmente 379; the Italian and English poets referred to are Dante, and John Milton.
Athenäum (1798 - 1800)

„Religion is usually nothing but a supplement to or even a substitute for education, and nothing is religious in the strict sense which is not a product of freedom.“

—  Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Schlegel

“Selected Aphorisms from the Athenaeum (1798)”, Dialogue on Poetry and Literary Aphorisms, Ernst Behler and Roman Struc, trans. (Pennsylvania University Press:1968) #233
Athenäum (1798 - 1800)

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