Frases de Friedrich Schlegel

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Friedrich Schlegel

Data de nascimento: 10. Março 1772
Data de falecimento: 12. Janeiro 1829
Outros nomes: Karl Wilhelm Friedrich von Schlegel

Friedrich Schlegel foi um poeta, crítico literário, filósofo, filólogo, indologista e tradutor alemão. Irmão mais novo do também filósofo August Wilhelm Schlegel. Participou da primeira fase do Romantismo na literatura alemã, o Jena Romantismo. Schelegel foi um pioneiro nos estudos dos idiomas indo-europeus , também da Linguística comparativa. A correspondência entre p Latina e f germânica foi observada pela primeira vez por ele em 1806 e será o prelúdio da Lei de Grimm, em 1822, descrita em detalhes por Jacob Grimm. Os irmãos Friedrich e August Schlegel trabalharam a classificação tipológica das línguas, ou seja, a divisão morfológica "clássica" de tipos de línguas: isolantes , aglutinantes, flexivas e polissintéticas.

Photo: Tinodela, Own work / Public domain

Citações Friedrich Schlegel

„It is individuality which is the original and eternal within man; personality doesn’t matter so much. To pursue the education and development of this individuality as one’s highest vocation would be a divine egoism.“

—  Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Schlegel

Grade die Individualität ist das Ursprüngliche und Ewige im Menschen; an der Personalität ist so viel nicht gelegen. Die Bildung und Entwicklung dieser Individualität als höchsten Beruf zu treiben, wäre ein göttlicher Egoismus.
“Selected Ideas (1799-1800)”, Dialogue on Poetry and Literary Aphorisms, Ernst Behler and Roman Struc, trans. (Pennsylvania University Press:1968) # 60

„If there is an invisible church, then it is of the great paradox, which is inseparable from morality, and which must be distinguished from the merely philosophical. People who are so eccentric that they are completely serious in being and becoming virtuous understand one another in everything, find one another easily, and form a silent opposition against the prevailing immorality that pretends to be morality.“

—  Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Schlegel

Athenäumsfragmente 414
Variant translations:
People who are eccentric enough to be quite seriously virtuous understand each other everywhere, discover each other easily, and form a silent opposition to the ruling immorality that happens to pass for morality.
Philosophical Fragments, P. Firchow, trans. (1991) § 414
Athenäum (1798 - 1800)
Contexto: If there is an invisible church, then it is of the great paradox, which is inseparable from morality, and which must be distinguished from the merely philosophical. People who are so eccentric that they are completely serious in being and becoming virtuous understand one another in everything, find one another easily, and form a silent opposition against the prevailing immorality that pretends to be morality. A certain mysticism of expression, which joined with romantic fantasy and grammatical understanding, can be something charming and good, often serves as a symbol of their beautiful secrets.

„Prudishness is pretense of innocence without innocence.“

—  Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Schlegel

“Selected Aphorisms from the Athenaeum (1798)”, Dialogue on Poetry and Literary Aphorisms, Ernst Behler and Roman Struc, trans. (Pennsylvania University Press:1968) #31
Athenäum (1798 - 1800)
Contexto: Prudishness is pretense of innocence without innocence. Women have to remain prudish as long as men are sentimental, dense, and evil enough to demand of them eternal innocence and lack of education. For innocence is the only thing which can ennoble lack of education.

„Poetry can be criticized only through poetry.“

—  Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Schlegel

“Selected Aphorisms from the Lyceum (1797)”, Dialogue on Poetry and Literary Aphorisms, Ernst Behler and Roman Struc, trans. (Pennsylvania University Press:1968) #117
Contexto: Poetry can be criticized only through poetry. A critique which itself is not a work of art, either in content as representation of the necessary impression in the process of creation, or through its beautiful form and in its liberal tone in the spirit of the old Roman satire, has no right of citizenship in the realm of art.

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„Do not waste your faith and love on the political world, but, in the divine world of science and art, offer up your inmost being in a fiery stream of eternal creation.“

—  Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Schlegel

Nicht in die politische Welt verschleudere du Glauben und Liebe, aber in der göttlichen Welt der Wissenschaft und der Kunst opfre dein Innerstes in den heiligen Feuerstrom ewiger Bildung.
“Ideas,” Lucinde and the Fragments, P. Firchow, trans. (1991), § 106

„In England … everything becomes professional … even the rogues of that island are pedants.“

—  Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Schlegel

“Selected Aphorisms from the Lyceum (1797)”, Dialogue on Poetry and Literary Aphorisms, Ernst Behler and Roman Struc, trans. (Pennsylvania University Press:1968) #67

„Moderation is the spirit of castrated narrow-mindedness.“

—  Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Schlegel

“Selected Aphorisms from the Athenaeum (1798)”, Dialogue on Poetry and Literary Aphorisms, Ernst Behler and Roman Struc, trans. (Pennsylvania University Press:1968) #64
Athenäum (1798 - 1800)

„At the words “his philosophy, my philosophy,” one is always reminded of that line in Nathan: … “What kind of God is it who belongs to a man?”“

—  Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Schlegel

Bei den Ausdrücken, „Seine Philosophie”, „Meine Philosophie”, erinnert man sich immer an die Worte im Nathan: „Wem eignet Gott? Was ist das für ein Gott, der einem Menschen eignet?”
Lucinde and the Fragments, P. Firchow, trans. (1991) § 99, reference is to Lessing, Nathan der Weise

„You live only insofar as you live according to your own ideas.“

—  Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Schlegel

Man lebt nur insofern man nach seinen eignen Ideen lebt. Die Grundsätze sind nur Mittel, der Beruf ist Zweck an sich.
“Ideas,” Lucinde and the Fragments, P. Firchow, trans. (1991), § 82

„To disrespect the masses is moral; to honor them, lawful.“

—  Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Schlegel

Die Menge nicht zu achten, ist sittlich; sie zu ehren, ist rechtlich.
Lucinde and the Fragments, P. Firchow, trans. (1991), “Athenaeum Fragments” § 211

„Every uneducated person is a caricature of himself.“

—  Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Schlegel

Jeder ungebildete Mensch ist die Karikatur von sich selbst.
“Selected Aphorisms from the Athenaeum (1798)”, Dialogue on Poetry and Literary Aphorisms, Ernst Behler and Roman Struc, trans. (Pennsylvania University Press:1968) #63
Athenäum (1798 - 1800)

„What men are among the other formations of the earth, artists are among men.“

—  Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Schlegel

Was die Menschen unter den andern Bildungen der Erde, das sind die Künstler unter den Menschen.
“Selected Ideas (1799-1800)”, Dialogue on Poetry and Literary Aphorisms, Ernst Behler and Roman Struc, trans. (Pennsylvania University Press:1968) # 43

„In a perfect literature all books should be only a single book, and in such an eternally developing book, the gospel of humanity and culture will be revealed.“

—  Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Schlegel

Auf eine ähnliche Weise sollen in der vollkommnen Litteratur alle Bücher nur Ein Buch seyn, und in einem solchen ewig werdenden Buche wird das Evangelium der Menschheit und der Bildung offenbart werden.
“Ideas,” Lucinde and the Fragments, P. Firchow, trans. (1991), § 95

„Wit is the appearance, the external flash of imagination. Thus its divinity, and the witty character of mysticism.“

—  Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Schlegel

Aphorism 26, as translated in Dialogue on Poetry and Literary Aphorisms (1968), p. 151
Variant translation:
Wit is the appearance, the external flash, of fantasy. Hence its divinity and the similarity to the wit of mysticism.
As translated in The Early Political Writings of the German Romantics (1996) edited by Frederick C. Beiser, p. 131

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