Frases de Claude Lévi-Strauss

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Claude Lévi-Strauss

Data de nascimento: 28. Novembro 1908
Data de falecimento: 30. Outubro 2009

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Claude Lévi-Strauss Foi um antropólogo, professor e filósofo belga. É considerado fundador da antropologia estruturalista, em meados da década de 1950, e um dos grandes intelectuais do século XX, porém suas ideias são muito diferentes do pensamento da época em que viveu, rompem com a ideia de que indíos são somente indíos, não concordava com a divisão em civilizados e selvagens ou a divisão em superiores e inferiores, além do possuir um maior pensar ambientalista radical, por mais que sua teoria seja interpretada com base aos olhares de intelectuais com o pensamento marxista pós-Guerra Fria do Século XXI, ideias assim só apareceram a partir do final da Década de 1960 com o aparecimento da contracultura marxista cultural e ambientalista radical, embora as obras de Lévi-Strauss vejam os índios do Cerrado de forma "eurocêntrica" ou "colonialista" em certo ponto.

Professor honorário do Collège de France, ali ocupou a cátedra de antropologia social de 1959 a 1982. Foi também membro da Academia Francesa - o primeiro a atingir os 100 anos de idade.

Desde seus primeiros trabalhos sobre os índios do Brasil Central, que estudou em campo, no período de 1935 a 1939, e a publicação de sua tese As estruturas elementares do parentesco, em 1949, publicou uma extensa obra, reconhecida internacionalmente.

Dedicou uma tetralogia, as Mitológicas, ao estudo dos mitos, mas publicou também obras que escapam do enquadramento estrito dos estudos acadêmicos - dentre as quais o famoso Tristes Trópicos, publicado em 1955, que o tornou conhecido e apreciado por um vasto círculo de leitores.

Citações Claude Lévi-Strauss

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„Cada história é acompanhada por um número indeterminado de anti-histórias, cada uma das quais é complementar a outros.“

—  Claude Lévi-Strauss
"O pensamento selvagem‎" - página 290, de Claude Lévi-Strauss, tradução de Tânia Pellegrini - Papirus Editora, 1970, 5a ed., ISBN 8530800834, 9788530800833 - 331 páginas

„A ciência por si só é incapaz de responder todas as perguntas e, apesar de seu desenvolvimento, ela nunca vai.“

—  Claude Lévi-Strauss
La science est incapable de répondre à toutes les questions et, malgré son développement, elle ne le sera jamais citado em "Études‎" - Volume 338 http://books.google.com.br/books?&id=YPAIAQAAIAAJ, Página 816, Jesuits - 1973

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„The police are not entrusted with a mission which differentiates them from those they serve.“

—  Claude Lévi-Strauss, Tristes Tropiques
Tristes Tropiques (1955), Context: The police are not entrusted with a mission which differentiates them from those they serve. Being unconcerned with ultimate purposes, they are inseparable from the persons and interests of their masters, and shine with their reflected glory. Chapter 37 : The Apotheosis of Augustus, p. 378

„The truths which we seek so far afield only become valid when we have separated them from this dross.“

—  Claude Lévi-Strauss, Tristes Tropiques
Tristes Tropiques (1955), Context: I hate travelling and explorers. Yet here I am proposing to tell the story of my expeditions. But how long it has taken me to make up my mind to do so! It is now fifteen years since I left Brazil for the last time and all during this period I have often planned to undertake the present work but on each occasion a sort of shame and repugnance prevented me from making a start. Why, I asked myself, should I give a detailed account of so many trivial circumstances and insignificant happenings? Adventure has no place in the anthropologists profession; it is merely one of those unavoidable drawbacks, which detract from his effective work through the incidental loss of weeks or months; there are hours of inaction when the informant is not available; periods of hunger, exhaustion, sickness perhaps; and always the thousand and one dreary tasks which eat away the days to no purpose and reduce dangerous living in the heart of the virgin forest to an imitation of military service … The fact that so much effort and expenditure has to be wasted on reaching the object of our studies bestows no value on that aspect of our profession, and should be seen rather as its negative side. The truths which we seek so far afield only become valid when we have separated them from this dross. Ch. 1 : Setting Out, p. 17

„The first thing we see as we travel round the world is our own filth, thrown into the face of mankind.“

—  Claude Lévi-Strauss, Tristes Tropiques
Tristes Tropiques (1955), Context: The order and harmony of the Western world, its most famous achievement, and a laboratory in which structures of a complexity as yet unknown are being fashioned, demand the elimination of a prodigious mass of noxious by-products which now contaminate the globe. The first thing we see as we travel round the world is our own filth, thrown into the face of mankind. Chapter 4 : The Quest for Power, p. 38

„The idea behind structuralism is that there are things we may not know but we can learn how they are related to each other.“

—  Claude Lévi-Strauss
Context: The idea behind structuralism is that there are things we may not know but we can learn how they are related to each other. This has been used by science since it existed and can be extended to a few other studies — linguistics and mythology — but certainly not to everything. The great speculative structures are made to be broken. There is not one of them that can hope to last more than a few decades, or at most a century or two. As quoted in his obituary, Daily Telegraph (4 November 2009) http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/obituaries/science-obituaries/6496558/Claude-Levi-Strauss.html

„Our system is the height of absurdity, since we treat the culprit both as a child, so as to have the right to punish him, and as an adult, in order to deny him consolation; and we believe we have made great spiritual progress because, instead of eating a few of our fellow-men, we subject them to physical and moral mutilation.“

—  Claude Lévi-Strauss, Tristes Tropiques
Tristes Tropiques (1955), Context: Logically, the "infantilization" of the culprit implied by the notion of punishment demands that he should have a corresponding right to a reward, in the absence of which the initial procedure will prove ineffective and may even lead to results contrary to those that were hoped for. Our system is the height of absurdity, since we treat the culprit both as a child, so as to have the right to punish him, and as an adult, in order to deny him consolation; and we believe we have made great spiritual progress because, instead of eating a few of our fellow-men, we subject them to physical and moral mutilation. Chapter 38 : A Little Glass of Rum, pp.388-389

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“