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William Howard Taft

Data de nascimento: 15. Setembro 1857
Data de falecimento: 8. Março 1930

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William Howard Taft foi o vigésimo sétimo presidente dos Estados Unidos, de 1909 a 1913, e mais tarde o décimo Chefe de Justiça dos Estados Unidos . Ele é a única pessoa a ter servido em ambos os escritórios. Taft foi governador-geral das Filipinas antes de se tornar presidente norte-americano.

Antes de se tornar presidente, Taft foi selecionado para servir no Tribunal Superior de Ohio em 1887. Em 1890, Taft foi nomeado procurador-geral dos Estados Unidos e, em 1891, um juiz do Tribunal Federal de Apelações para o sexto circuito. Em 1900, o presidente William McKinley nomeado Taft governador-geral das Filipinas . Em 1904, o presidente Theodore Roosevelt nomeou Taft Secretário de Guerra.

Na tentativa da reeleição, foi derrotado por Woodrow Wilson na em 1912, que conseguiu 27 estados, 55% dos votos e 54% dos delegados.

William Howard Taft nasceu na poderosa família Taft 15 de setembro de 1857, perto de Cincinnati, Ohio , filho de Louisa Torrey e Alphonso Taft. Seu avô paterno era Peter Rawson Taft, um descendente de Robert Taft I, o primeiro na Taft na América, que se estabeleceram em Colonial Massachusetts. Alphonso Taft foi para Cincinnati, em 1839, para abrir um escritório de advocacia, e era um republicano proeminente que atuou como Secretário de Guerra e Procurador-Geral no governo do presidente Ulysses S. Grant. Faleceu no dia 8 de março de 1930 aos 72 anos.

Citações William Howard Taft

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„I am a Unitarian. I believe in God.“

— William Howard Taft
Context: I am a Unitarian. I believe in God. I do not believe in the divinity of Christ, and there are many postulates of the orthodox creed to which I cannot subscribe. Letter to Yale University (1899), quoted in Henry F. Pringle, William Howard Taft: The Life and Times, vol. 1, p. 45 (1939).

„The publishers profess to be the agents of heaven in establishing virtue“

— William Howard Taft
Context: The publishers profess to be the agents of heaven in establishing virtue and therefore that they ought to receive some subsidy from the government. I can ask no stronger refutation to this claim … than the utterly unscrupulous methods pursued by them in seeking to influence Congress on this subject. Quoted in Henry Fowles Pringle (1939), The Life and Times of William Howard Taft, referring to a postal rate increase affecting popular magazines.

„The President so fully represents his party“

— William Howard Taft
Context: The President so fully represents his party, which secures political power by its promise to the people, and the whole government is so identified in the minds of the people with his personality that they make him responsible for all the sins of omission and of commission of society at large. This would be ludicrous if it did not have sometimes serious results. The President cannot make clouds to rain and cannot make the corn to grow, he cannot make business good; although when these things occur, political parties do claim some credit for the things that have happened in this way. He has no power of state legislation, which covers a very wide field and which comes in many respects much closer to the happiness of the people than the Federal Government. [https://books.google.de/books?id=KiWFtHXQDOIC&pg=PA149&lpg=PA149&dq=that+they+make+him+responsible+for+all+the+sins+of+omission+and+of+commission+of+society+at+large.&source=bl&ots=Zy5G9PEz2_&sig=kGqYf643TGdpt-tT-9CWD2ex9LI&hl=de&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiBxbPsi6fQAhXsKcAKHcV4AH0Q6AEIJjAC#v=onepage&q=that%20they%20make%20him%20responsible%20for%20all%20the%20sins%20of%20omission%20and%20of%20commission%20of%20society%20at%20large.&f=false William Howard Taft Essential Writings and Addresses. Edited by David H. Burton. Faitleigh Dickinson University Press (2009). Chapter 1: Political Analyses. Subchapter: The President and His Powers, page 149-150.]

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„Anti-Semitism is a noxious weed that should be cut out. It has no place in America.“

— William Howard Taft
"Anti-Semitism in the United States", address to the Anti Defamation League in Chicago, Illinois (23 December 1920).

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„If humor be the safety of our race, then it is due largely to the infusion into the American people of the Irish brain.“

— William Howard Taft
Irish Humor, address in Hot Springs, Virginia (5 August 1908) [http://www.authentichistory.com/1900s/1908election/19080805_William_H_Taft-Irish_Humor.html].

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