Frases de Wilhelm Reich

Wilhelm Reich photo
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Wilhelm Reich

Data de nascimento: 24. Março 1897
Data de falecimento: 3. Novembro 1957

Wilhelm Reich foi um médico, psicanalista e cientista natural. Ex-colaborador de Sigmund Freud, rompeu com este para dar prosseguimento à elaboração de suas próprias ideias no campo da psicanálise.

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Citações Wilhelm Reich

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„A classe média começou a movimentar-se e apareceu como força social, sob a forma do fascismo. Assim, não se trata das intenções reacionárias de Hitler e de Göring, mas sim os interesses sociais das camadas da classe média. A classe média tem, em virtude da estrutura do seu caráter, uma força social extraordinária que em muito ultrapassa a sua importância econômica. É a classe que retém e conserva, com todas as
suas contradições, nada mais nada menos do que vários milênios de regime patriarcal.
A própria existência de um movimento fascista constitui uma expressão social indubitável do imperialismo nacionalista. Mas é o movimento de massas da classe média que possibilita a transformação desse movimento fascista num movimento de massas e a sua subida ao poder que vem cumprir a sua função imperialista. Somente levando em consideração estas oposições e contradições, cada uma de per si, é que se pode compreender o fenômeno do fascismo.
A posição social da classe média é determinada: a) pela sua posição no processo de produção capitalista; b) pela sua posição no aparelho de Estado autoritário, e c) pela sua situação familiar especial, que é consequência direta da sua posição no processo de produção, constituindo a chave para a compreensão da sua ideologia. A situação econômica dos pequenos agricultores, dos burocratas e dos empresários de classe média não é exatamente a mesma, do ponto de vista econômico, mas caracteriza-se por uma situação familiar idêntica, nos seus aspectos essenciais.
O rápido desenvolvimento da economia capitalista no século XIX, a mecanização contínua e rápida da produção, a reunião dos diversos ramos da produção em consórcio e trustes monopolistas, constituem a base do progressivo empobrecimento dos comerciantes da classe média baixa. Não conseguindo concorrer com a grande indústria, de funcionamento mais barato e mais racional, as pequenas empresas estão irremediavelmente perdidas.
"A classe média nada tem a esperar deste sistema, a não ser a aniquilação. Esta é a questão: ou todos nos afundamos na grande tristeza cinzenta do proletarianismo onde todos teremos o mesmo — isto é, nada — ou então a energia e a aplicação poderão colocar o indivíduo na situação de adquirir propriedade por meio do trabalho árduo. Classe média ou proletariado! Esta é a questão." Estas advertências foram feitas pelos nacionalistas alemães antes das eleições para a presidência, em 1932. Os nacionalsocialistas não foram tão estúpidos, tiveram o cuidado de não criar um hiato muito grande entre a classe média e os trabalhadores da indústria, na sua propaganda, e esta tática lhes proporcionou um êxito maior.“

—  Wilhelm Reich, livro The Mass Psychology of Fascism
The Mass Psychology of Fascism

„In this strictly Marxist sense, the capitalistic system continues to exist in Russia. And it will continue to exist as long as the masses of people continue to lack responsibility and to crave authority.“

—  Wilhelm Reich, livro The Mass Psychology of Fascism
The Mass Psychology of Fascism (1933), Context: In the strictly Marxist sense, there is not even in Soviet Russia a state socialism but a state capitalism. According to Marx, the social condition "capitalism" does not consist in the existence of individual capitalists, but in the existence of the specific "capitalist mode of production", that is, in the production of exchange values instead of use values, in wage work of the masses and in the production of surplus value, which is appropriated by the state or the private owners, and not by the society of working people. In this strictly Marxist sense, the capitalistic system continues to exist in Russia. And it will continue to exist as long as the masses of people continue to lack responsibility and to crave authority. Preface to the Third Edition (August 1942)

„The great man, at one time, also was a very little man, but he developed one important ability: he learned to see where he was small in his thinking, and actions.“

—  Wilhelm Reich, livro Listen, Little Man!
Listen, Little Man! (1948), Context: You are different from the really great man in only one thing: The great man, at one time, also was a very little man, but he developed one important ability: he learned to see where he was small in his thinking, and actions. Under the pressure of some task which was dear to him he learned better and better to sense the threat that comes from his smallness and pettiness. The great man, then, knows when and in what he is a little man.

„Your life will be good and secure when aliveness will mean more to you than security; love more than money; your freedom more than party line or public opinion“

—  Wilhelm Reich, livro Listen, Little Man!
Listen, Little Man! (1948), Context: You beg for happiness in life, but security is more important to you, even if it costs you your spine or your life. Your life will be good and secure when aliveness will mean more to you than security; love more than money; your freedom more than party line or public opinion; when your thinking will be in harmony with your feelings; when the teachers of your children will be better paid than the politicians; when you will have more respect for the love between man and woman than for a marriage license.

„You dare not think that you ever might experience your self differently: free instead of cowed; open instead of tactical; loving openly instead of like a thief in the night.“

—  Wilhelm Reich, livro Listen, Little Man!
Listen, Little Man! (1948), Context: "What right do you have to tell me things?" I can see this question in your apprehensive look. I hear this question from your impertinent mouth, Little Man. You are afraid to look at yourself, you are afraid of criticism, Little Man, just as you are afraid of the power they promise you. You would not know how to use this power. You dare not think that you ever might experience your self differently: free instead of cowed; open instead of tactical; loving openly instead of like a thief in the night. You despise yourself Little Man. You say: "Who am I to have an opinion of my own, to determine my own life and to declare the world to be mine?" You are right: Who are you to make a claim to your life?

„I am well aware of the fact that the human race has known about the existence of a universal energy related to life for many ages. However, the basic task of natural science consisted of making this energy usable.“

—  Wilhelm Reich
Context: I am well aware of the fact that the human race has known about the existence of a universal energy related to life for many ages. However, the basic task of natural science consisted of making this energy usable. This is the sole difference between my work and all preceding knowledge. Archives of the Orgone Institute; quoted in "The New American Medicine" in Journal of The Mindshift Institute (2002) http://mindshiftinstitute.org/Article_New_American_Medicine.htm

„I tell you: "Only you yourself can be your liberator!"“

—  Wilhelm Reich, livro Listen, Little Man!
Listen, Little Man! (1948), Context: Your liberators tell you that that your suppressors are Wilhelm, Nikolaus, Pope Gregory the Twenty Eighth, Morgan, Krupp or Ford. And your "liberators" are called Mussolini, Napoleon, Hitler and Stalin. I tell you: "Only you yourself can be your liberator!" "Pope Gregory the Twenty Eighth" may be an error, or may be a satirization of the Roman Catholic Church as both an eternal oppressor and scapegoat for oppressors; there are as yet only 16 Popes who have been named Gregory.

„To define freedom is the same as to define sexual health. But nobody will openly admit this.“

—  Wilhelm Reich, livro The Mass Psychology of Fascism
The Mass Psychology of Fascism (1933), Ch. 10 : Work Democracy, Context: Rulers and generals muster their troops. Magnates muster the sums of money which give them power. The fascist dictators muster the irrational human reactions which make it possible for them to attain and maintain their power over the masses. The scientists muster knowledge and means of research. But, thus far, no organization fighting for freedom has ever mustered the biological arsenal where the weapons are to be found for the establishment and the maintenance of human freedom. All precision of our social existence notwithstanding, there is as yet no definition of the word freedom which would be in keeping with natural science. No word is more misused and misunderstood. To define freedom is the same as to define sexual health. But nobody will openly admit this. The advocacy of personal and social freedom is connected with anxiety and guilt feelings. As if to be free were a sin or at least not quite as it should be. Sex-economy makes this guilt feeling comprehensible: freedom without sexual self-determination is in itself a contradiction. But to be sexual means — according to the prevailing human structure — to be sinful or guilty. There are very few people who experience sexual love without guilt feeling. "Free love" has acquired a degrading meaning: it lost the meaning given it by the old fighters for freedom. In films and in books, to be genital and to be criminal are presented as the same thing. Section 3 : Work Democracy versus Politics. The Natural Social Forces for the Mastery of the Emotional Plague

„When I say "animal," I do not mean anything bad, cruel or "base"; I am stating a biological fact.“

—  Wilhelm Reich, livro The Mass Psychology of Fascism
The Mass Psychology of Fascism (1933), Ch. 10 : Work Democracy, Context: MAN IS FUNDAMENTALLY AN ANIMAL. Animals, as distinct from man, are not machine-like, not sadistic; their societies, within the same species, are incomparably more peaceful than those of man. The basic question, then is: What has made the animal, man, degenerate into a machine? When I say "animal," I do not mean anything bad, cruel or "base"; I am stating a biological fact. Man has developed the peculiar concept that he is not an animal at all, but, well — man; a creature which long since has shed that which is "bad," which is "animal." He demarcates himself in all possible ways from the bad animal and points, in proof of his "being better," to culture and civilization which distinguish him from the animal. He shows, in his whole behavior, his "theories of values," his moral philosophies, his "monkey trials" and such, that he does not want to be reminded of the fact that basically he is an animal, an animal, furthermore, which has much more in common with the "animal" than with that being which he asserts to be and dreams of being. The theory of the German Übermensch has this origin. Man shows by his maliciousness, his inability to live in peace with his kind, his wars, that what distinguishes him from the other animals is only his unbounded sadism and the mechanical trinity of the authoritarian concept of life, mechanistic science and the machine. If one looks at the results of civilization as they present themselves over long periods of time, one finds that these contentions of man are not only erroneous; more than that, they seem to be made expressly for the purpose of making man forget that he is an animal. Section 3 : Work Democracy versus Politics. The Natural Social Forces for the Mastery of the Emotional Plague

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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