Frases de Wilhelm Reich

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Wilhelm Reich

Data de nascimento: 24. Março 1897
Data de falecimento: 3. Novembro 1957

Wilhelm Reich foi um médico, psicanalista e cientista natural. Ex-colaborador de Sigmund Freud, rompeu com este para dar prosseguimento à elaboração de suas próprias ideias no campo da psicanálise.

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Citações Wilhelm Reich

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„A classe média começou a movimentar-se e apareceu como força social, sob a forma do fascismo. Assim, não se trata das intenções reacionárias de Hitler e de Göring, mas sim os interesses sociais das camadas da classe média. A classe média tem, em virtude da estrutura do seu caráter, uma força social extraordinária que em muito ultrapassa a sua importância econômica. É a classe que retém e conserva, com todas as
suas contradições, nada mais nada menos do que vários milênios de regime patriarcal.
A própria existência de um movimento fascista constitui uma expressão social indubitável do imperialismo nacionalista. Mas é o movimento de massas da classe média que possibilita a transformação desse movimento fascista num movimento de massas e a sua subida ao poder que vem cumprir a sua função imperialista. Somente levando em consideração estas oposições e contradições, cada uma de per si, é que se pode compreender o fenômeno do fascismo.
A posição social da classe média é determinada: a) pela sua posição no processo de produção capitalista; b) pela sua posição no aparelho de Estado autoritário, e c) pela sua situação familiar especial, que é consequência direta da sua posição no processo de produção, constituindo a chave para a compreensão da sua ideologia. A situação econômica dos pequenos agricultores, dos burocratas e dos empresários de classe média não é exatamente a mesma, do ponto de vista econômico, mas caracteriza-se por uma situação familiar idêntica, nos seus aspectos essenciais.
O rápido desenvolvimento da economia capitalista no século XIX, a mecanização contínua e rápida da produção, a reunião dos diversos ramos da produção em consórcio e trustes monopolistas, constituem a base do progressivo empobrecimento dos comerciantes da classe média baixa. Não conseguindo concorrer com a grande indústria, de funcionamento mais barato e mais racional, as pequenas empresas estão irremediavelmente perdidas.
"A classe média nada tem a esperar deste sistema, a não ser a aniquilação. Esta é a questão: ou todos nos afundamos na grande tristeza cinzenta do proletarianismo onde todos teremos o mesmo — isto é, nada — ou então a energia e a aplicação poderão colocar o indivíduo na situação de adquirir propriedade por meio do trabalho árduo. Classe média ou proletariado! Esta é a questão." Estas advertências foram feitas pelos nacionalistas alemães antes das eleições para a presidência, em 1932. Os nacionalsocialistas não foram tão estúpidos, tiveram o cuidado de não criar um hiato muito grande entre a classe média e os trabalhadores da indústria, na sua propaganda, e esta tática lhes proporcionou um êxito maior.“

—  Wilhelm Reich, livro The Mass Psychology of Fascism

The Mass Psychology of Fascism

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„In this strictly Marxist sense, the capitalistic system continues to exist in Russia. And it will continue to exist as long as the masses of people continue to lack responsibility and to crave authority.“

—  Wilhelm Reich, livro The Mass Psychology of Fascism

Preface to the Third Edition (August 1942)
The Mass Psychology of Fascism (1933)
Contexto: In the strictly Marxist sense, there is not even in Soviet Russia a state socialism but a state capitalism. According to Marx, the social condition "capitalism" does not consist in the existence of individual capitalists, but in the existence of the specific "capitalist mode of production", that is, in the production of exchange values instead of use values, in wage work of the masses and in the production of surplus value, which is appropriated by the state or the private owners, and not by the society of working people. In this strictly Marxist sense, the capitalistic system continues to exist in Russia. And it will continue to exist as long as the masses of people continue to lack responsibility and to crave authority.

„The great man, at one time, also was a very little man, but he developed one important ability: he learned to see where he was small in his thinking, and actions.“

—  Wilhelm Reich, livro Listen, Little Man!

Listen, Little Man! (1948)
Contexto: You are different from the really great man in only one thing: The great man, at one time, also was a very little man, but he developed one important ability: he learned to see where he was small in his thinking, and actions. Under the pressure of some task which was dear to him he learned better and better to sense the threat that comes from his smallness and pettiness. The great man, then, knows when and in what he is a little man.

„Your life will be good and secure when aliveness will mean more to you than security; love more than money; your freedom more than party line or public opinion“

—  Wilhelm Reich, livro Listen, Little Man!

Listen, Little Man! (1948)
Contexto: You beg for happiness in life, but security is more important to you, even if it costs you your spine or your life. Your life will be good and secure when aliveness will mean more to you than security; love more than money; your freedom more than party line or public opinion; when your thinking will be in harmony with your feelings; when the teachers of your children will be better paid than the politicians; when you will have more respect for the love between man and woman than for a marriage license.

„You dare not think that you ever might experience your self differently: free instead of cowed; open instead of tactical; loving openly instead of like a thief in the night.“

—  Wilhelm Reich, livro Listen, Little Man!

Listen, Little Man! (1948)
Contexto: "What right do you have to tell me things?" I can see this question in your apprehensive look. I hear this question from your impertinent mouth, Little Man. You are afraid to look at yourself, you are afraid of criticism, Little Man, just as you are afraid of the power they promise you. You would not know how to use this power. You dare not think that you ever might experience your self differently: free instead of cowed; open instead of tactical; loving openly instead of like a thief in the night. You despise yourself Little Man. You say: "Who am I to have an opinion of my own, to determine my own life and to declare the world to be mine?" You are right: Who are you to make a claim to your life?

„If "freedom" means, first of all, the responsibility of every individual for the rational determination of his own personal, professional and social existence, then there is no greater fear than that of the establishment of general freedom.“

—  Wilhelm Reich, livro The Mass Psychology of Fascism

Section 2 : The Biological Miscalculation in the Human Struggle for Freedom
The Mass Psychology of Fascism (1933), Ch. 10 : Work Democracy
Contexto: If "freedom" means, first of all, the responsibility of every individual for the rational determination of his own personal, professional and social existence, then there is no greater fear than that of the establishment of general freedom. Without a thoroughgoing solution of this problem there never will be a peace lasting longer than one or two generations. To solve this problem on a social scale, it will take more thinking, more honesty and decency, more conscientiousness, more economic, social and educational changes in social mass living than all the efforts made in previous and future wars and post-war reconstruction programs taken together.

„It remains to be seen what part politics will play in the eradication of the political emotional plague and what part the consciously organized functions of love, work and knowledge.“

—  Wilhelm Reich, livro The Mass Psychology of Fascism

Section 3 : Work Democracy versus Politics. The Natural Social Forces for the Mastery of the Emotional Plague.
The Mass Psychology of Fascism (1933), Ch. 10 : Work Democracy
Contexto: For a decade, the politics of the European dictators was unrivalled. In order to comprehend the essence of politics, one only has to remember that it was a Hitler who, for many years, was able to keep the world breathless. Hitler as a political genius was a magnificent unmasking of the essence of politics in general. With Hitler, politics reached the peak of its development. We know what were its fruits and what was the reaction of the world. In brief, I believe that the twentieth century, with its gigantic catastrophes, ushers in a new social era, an era free of politics. It remains to be seen what part politics will play in the eradication of the political emotional plague and what part the consciously organized functions of love, work and knowledge.

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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