Frases de Maximilien Robespierre
Data de nascimento: 6. Maio 1758
Data de falecimento: 28. Julho 1794
Outros nomes: Robespierre, Maximilien Marie Isidore de Robespierre
Maximilien François Marie Isidore de Robespierre foi um advogado e político francês, e uma das personalidades mais importantes da Revolução Francesa.
Os seus amigos chamavam-lhe "O Incorruptível". Principal membro dos Montanha durante a Convenção, ele encarnou a tendência mais radical da Revolução, transformando-se numa das figuras mais controversas deste período. Os seus inimigos chamavam-lhe o “Candeia de Arras”, “Tirano” e “Ditador sanguinário” durante o Terror.
Citações Maximilien Robespierre
la mort n'est pas un sommeil éternel! [...] la mort est le commencement de l'immortalité.
Œuvres de Robespierre - página 150 http://books.google.com.br/books?id=WR8JAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA150, Maximilien Robespierre, Auguste Vermorel, editor Auguste Vermorel, editora F. Cournol, 1866
L'autorité divine qui ordonne aux rois d'être justes, défend aux peuples d'être esclaves.
citado em Robespierre - Página 12, Marc Bouloiseau - Presses universitaires de France, 1957 - 128 páginas
„Não é por um povo que combatemos, mas pelo universo! Não pelos que vivem hoje, mas por todos aqueles que existirão.“
n'est pas pour un peuple que nous combattons , mais pour l'univers? pour les hommes qui vivent aujourd'hui , mais pour tous ceux qui existeront?
Œuvres de Maximilien Robespierre: avec une notice historique, des notes et des commentaires, Volume 3 - Página 468 http://books.google.com.br/books?id=f4YfAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA468, Maximilien Robespierre, Laponneraye, Armand Carrel - Chez l'éditeur, 1840
„Se a existência de Deus, se a imortalidade da alma não fossem senão sonhos, ainda assim seriam a mais bela de todas as concepções do espírito humano.“
Si l'existence de Dieu, si l'immortalité de l'âme n'étaient que des songes, elles seraient encore la plus belle conception de l'esprit humain.
Oeuvres ... avec une notice historique ... - Volume 3, Página 623 http://books.google.com.br/books?id=AsZCAAAAYAAJ&pg=RA1-PA623, Maximilien Robespierre - Chez l'éditeur, 1840
„The policy of the London Cabinet largely contributed to the first movement of our Revolution…. Taking advantage of political tempests (the cabinet) aimed to effect in an exhausted and dismembered France a change of dynasty and to place the Duke of York on the throne of Louis XVI…. Pitt…. is an imbecile, whatever may be said of a reputation that has been much too greatly puffed up. A man who, abusing the influence acquired by him on an island placed haphazard in the ocean, is desirous of contending with the French people, could not have conceived of such an absurd plan elsewhere than in a madhouse.“
Quotes from speeches (17 November 1793 & 26 January 1794) in La Révolution: III – Le Gouvernement Révolutionnaire (1883) by Hippolyte Taine, translated as The Revolution Vol. 3 (1885), by John Durand, Book 7 : The Governors, p. 144, footnote 3 https://books.google.com/books?id=dCBKAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA144&lpg=PA144
As quoted in Human Rights and Freedoms in the USSR (1981) by Fedor Eliseevich Medvedev and Gennadiĭ Ivanovich Kulikov, p. 221
Original: Le secret de la liberté est d'éclairer les hommes, comme celui de la tyrannie est de les retenir dans l'ignorance
Variante: The secret of freedom lies in educating people, whereas the secret of tyranny is in keeping them ignorant.
Fonte: Public statement (November 1792), quoted in Oeuvres de Maximilien Robespierre (1840), Volume 2, p. 253 http://books.google.com/books?id=iSMVAAAAQAAJ
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Citizens! efface from the tomb that motto, graven by sacrilegious hands, which spreads over all nature a funereal crape, takes from oppressed innocence its support, and affronts the beneficent dispensation of death! Inscribe rather thereon these words: "Death is the commencement of immortality!"
Fonte: Last speech to the National Convention http://www.bartleby.com/268/7/24.html (26 July 1794)
„The secret of freedom lies in educating people, whereas the secret of tyranny is in keeping them ignorant.“
Original French: Le secret de la liberté est d'éclairer les hommes, comme celui de la tyrannie est de les retenir dans l'ignorance
Fonte: Oeuvres, Volume 2 http://books.google.com/books?id=iSMVAAAAQAAJ p. 253.
From article 19 of the Déclaration des droits de l'homme et du citoyen http://saintjust.free.fr/DDHC93.htm (21 April 1793)
Original: (fr) Tout institution qui ne suppose pas le peuple bon et le magistrat corruptible est vicieuse.
„Men of all countries are brothers, and the different peoples should help one another to the best of their ability, like citizens of the same state.“
"Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, proposed by Maximilien Robespierre" (24 April, 1793)
„Offences committed by people’s representatives should be severely and promptly punished. No one has the right to claim to be more inviolable than other citizens.“
Fonte: "Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, proposed by Maximilien Robespierre" (24 April, 1793)
„Happily virtue is natural in the people, [despite] aristocratical prejudices. A nation is truly corrupt, when, after having, by degrees lost its character and liberty, it slides from democracy into aristocracy or monarchy; this is the death of the political body by decrepitude....“
Fonte: Principles to Form the Basis of the Administration of the Republic (February 1794)
„Things have been said to you about the Jews that are infinitely exaggerated and often contrary to history. How can the persecutions they have suffered at the hands of different peoples be held against them? These on the contrary are national crimes that we ought to expiate, by granting them imprescriptible human rights of which no human power could despoil them. Faults are still imputed to them, prejudices, exaggerated by the sectarian spirit and by interests. But to what can we really impute them but our own injustices? After having excluded them from all honours, even the right to public esteem, we have left them with nothing but the objects of lucrative speculation. Let us deliver them to happiness, to the homeland, to virtue, by granting them the dignity of men and citizens; let us hope that it can never be policy, whatever people say, to condemn to degradation and oppression a multitude of men who live among us. How could the social interest be based on violation of the eternal principles of justice and reason that are the foundations of every human society?“
"On Voting Rights for Actors and Jews" (21 December 1789)
„It is indeed a great interest, the conservation of your colonies, but even that interest is connected with your constitution; and the supreme interest of the nation and of the colonies themselves is that you conserve your liberty and do not overturn the foundations of that liberty with your own hands. Faugh! Perish your colonies, if you are keeping them at that price. Yes, if you had either to lose your colonies, or to lose your happiness, your glory, your liberty, I would repeat: perish your colonies.“
"On the Condition of Free Men of Colour" (31 May 1791)
„Citizens, did you want a revolution without a revolution? What is this spirit of persecution that has come to revise, so to speak, the one that broke our chains? But what sure judgement can one make of the effects that can follow these great commotions? Who can mark, after the event, the exact point at which the waves of popular insurrection should break? At that price, what people could ever have shaken off the yoke of despotism? For while it is true that a great nation cannot rise in a simultaneous movement, and that tyranny can only be hit by the portion of citizens that is closest to it, how would these ever dare to attack it if, after the victory, delegates from remote parts could hold them responsible for the duration or violence of the political torment that had saved the homeland? They ought to be regarded as justified by tacit proxy for the whole of society. The French, friends of liberty, meeting in Paris last August, acted in that role, in the name of all the departments. They should either be approved or repudiated entirely. To make them criminally responsible for a few apparent or real disorders, inseparable from so great a shock, would be to punish them for their devotion.“
Citoyens, vouliez-vous une révolution sans révolution?
"Answer to Louvet's Accusation" (5 November 1792) Réponse à J.- B. Louvet http://www.royet.org/nea1789-1794/archives/discours/robespierre_reponse_louvet.htm, a speech to the National Convention (5 November 1792)
„No doubt if all men were just and virtuous; if cupidity were never tempted to devour the people’s substance; if the rich, receptive to the voices of reason and nature, regarded themselves as the bursars of society, or as brothers to the poor, it might be possible to recognize no law but the most unlimited freedom; but if it is true that avarice can speculate on the misery and tyranny itself on the despair of the people; if it is true that all the passions declare war on suffering humanity, then why should not the law repress these abuses? Why should it not stay the homicidal hand of the monopolist, as it does that of the common murderer? Why should it not concern itself with the subsistence of the people, after caring so long for the pleasures of the great, and the power of despots?“
On Subsistence, (2 December 1792)