„The government in a revolution is the despotism of liberty against tyranny.“

Original French: Le gouvernement de la révolution est le despotisme de la liberté contre la tyrannie.
Speech to the National Convention http://www.royet.org/nea1789-1794/archives/discours/robespierre_principes_morale_politique_05_02_94.htm (5 February 1794)

Obtido da Wikiquote. Última atualização 3 de Junho de 2021. História
Maximilien Robespierre photo
Maximilien Robespierre8
político francês 1758 - 1794

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Georg Büchner photo
Alexis De Tocqueville photo

„Despotism may govern without faith, but liberty cannot.“

—  Alexis De Tocqueville, livro Da Democracia na América

Fonte: Democracy in America, Volume I (1835), Chapter XV-IXX, Chapter XVII.
Contexto: Despotism may govern without faith, but liberty cannot. How is it possible that society should escape destruction if the moral tie is not strengthened in proportion as the political tie is relaxed? And what can be done with a people who are their own masters if they are not submissive to the Deity?

Thomas Jefferson photo

„When governments fear the people, there is liberty. When the people fear the government, there is tyranny.“

—  Thomas Jefferson 3rd President of the United States of America 1743 - 1826

First attributed to Jefferson in 1945, this does not appear in any known Jefferson document. When governments fear the people, there is liberty... http://wiki.monticello.org/mediawiki/index.php/When_governments_fear_the_people,_there_is_liberty...(Quotation), Thomas Jefferson Encyclopedia. It first appears in 1914, in [Barnhill, John Basil, John Basil Barnhill, Indictment of Socialism No. 3, Barnhill-Tichenor Debate on Socialism, http://debs.indstate.edu/b262b3_1914.pdf, PDF, 2008-10-16, 1914, National Rip-Saw Publishing, Saint Louis, Missouri, p. 34]
Misattributed
Variante: Where the people fear the government you have tyranny. Where the government fears the people you have liberty.

„Where the people fear the government you have tyranny. Where the government fears the people you have liberty.“

—  John Basil Barnhill

Indictment of Socialism (#3) http://debs.indstate.edu/b262b3_1914.pdf, transcript of Barnhill-Tichenor Debate on Socialism (1914)
This quote is often erroneously attributed to Thomas Jefferson

H.L. Mencken photo
George Mason photo

„The freedom of the press is one of the great bulwarks of liberty, and can never be restrained but by despotic governments.“

—  George Mason American delegate from Virginia to the U.S. Constitutional Convention 1725 - 1792

Article 12
Virginia Declaration of Rights (1776)

Thomas Paine photo
Thomas Jefferson photo

„We are not to expect to be translated from despotism to liberty in a featherbed.“

—  Thomas Jefferson 3rd President of the United States of America 1743 - 1826

Letter to Gilbert du Motier, marquis de Lafayette (2 April 1790)
1790s

Thomas Jefferson photo

„The strongest reason for the people to retain the right to keep and bear arms is, as a last resort, to protect themselves against tyranny in government.“

—  Thomas Jefferson 3rd President of the United States of America 1743 - 1826

According to the Jefferson Library, this is among the many statements misattributed to Jefferson. http://wiki.monticello.org/mediawiki/index.php/Category:Spurious_Quotations
Misattributed

James Madison photo

„A standing military force, with an overgrown Executive will not long be safe companions to liberty. The means of defence against foreign danger have been always the instruments of tyranny at home.“

—  James Madison 4th president of the United States (1809 to 1817) 1751 - 1836

Speech, Constitutional Convention (29 June 1787), from Max Farrand's Records of the Federal Convention of 1787, Vol. I http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/ampage?collId=llfr&fileName=001/llfr001.db&recNum=494&itemLink=D?hlaw:5:./temp/~ammem_kmli::%230010495&linkText=1 (1911), p. 465
1780s
Contexto: In time of actual war, great discretionary powers are constantly given to the Executive Magistrate. Constant apprehension of War, has the same tendency to render the head too large for the body. A standing military force, with an overgrown Executive will not long be safe companions to liberty. The means of defence against foreign danger have been always the instruments of tyranny at home. Among the Romans it was a standing maxim to excite a war, whenever a revolt was apprehended. Throughout all Europe, the armies kept up under the pretext of defending, have enslaved the people.

Thomas Jefferson photo

„An elective despotism was not the government we fought for“

—  Thomas Jefferson, livro Notes on the State of Virginia

Query XIII
1780s, Notes on the State of Virginia
Contexto: All the powers of government, legislative, executive, and judiciary, result to the legislative body. The concentrating these in the same hands is precisely the definition of despotic government. It will be no alleviation that these powers will be exercised by a plurality of hands, and not by a single one. [... ] As little will it avail us that they are chosen by ourselves. An elective despotism was not the government we fought for; but one which should not only be founded on free principles, but in which the powers of government should be so divided and balanced among several bodies of magistracy, as that no one could transcend their legal limits, without being effectually checked and restrained by others.

Samuel Johnson photo

„A country governed by a despot is an inverted cone.“

—  Samuel Johnson English writer 1709 - 1784

April 14, 1778
Life of Samuel Johnson (1791), Vol III

Thomas Jefferson photo

„Timid men prefer the calm of despotism to the tempestuous sea of liberty.“

—  Thomas Jefferson 3rd President of the United States of America 1743 - 1826

Letter to his Italian friend, Philip Mazzei (1796)
1790s

James A. Garfield photo

„Government by emotion is identified with rule by tyranny.“

—  George Alec Effinger Novelist, short story writer 1947 - 2002

Fonte: Relatives (1973)., Chapter 1 (p. 24).

John R. Commons photo

„The ‘liberty’ of one is his permission to act as he pleases, supported against interference by the power of the concern or government“

—  John R. Commons United States institutional economist and labor historian 1862 - 1945

Fonte: Legal foundations of capitalism. 1924, p. 99

James Madison photo

„The biggest danger to our rights today is not from government acting against the will of the majority but from government which has become the mere instrument of that majority. Think about it. That's where the abuse of power comes from. Not the tyranny of the King but the tyranny of the majority. Wrong will be done as much by an all-powerful people as by an all-powerful Prince.“

—  James Madison 4th president of the United States (1809 to 1817) 1751 - 1836

This appears to be a manufactured quote for a PBS documentary on the American Revolution, created by condensing, rewriting, and paraphrasing portions of a lengthy letter James Madison wrote to Thomas Jefferson on 17 October 1788 http://oll.libertyfund.org/?option=com_staticxt&staticfile=show.php%3Ftitle=1937&chapter=118854&layout=html&Itemid=27, about the need for a Bill of Rights and the danger of an establishment of religion. The resulting "quote" profoundly changed the import of what Madison was trying to say and uses modern English. The phrases "biggest danger" and "tyranny of the majority" aren't even in the original letter. The relevant portions of the original letter are (italics in the original; bold added for emphasis):<blockquote>"… In Virginia I have seen the bill of rights violated in every instance where it has been opposed to a popular current. Notwithstanding the explicit provision contained in that instrument for the rights of Conscience, it is well known that a religious establishment would have taken place in that State, if the Legislative majority had found as they expected, a majority of the people in favor of the measure; and I am persuaded that if a majority of the people were now of one sect, the measure would still take place and on narrower ground than was then proposed, notwithstanding the additional obstacle which the law has since created. Wherever the real power in a Government lies, there is the danger of oppression. In our Governments the real power lies in the majority of the Community, and the invasion of private rights is chiefly to be apprehended, not from acts of Government contrary to the sense of its constituents, but from acts in which the Government is the mere instrument of the major number of the Constituents. This is a truth of great importance, but not yet sufficiently attended to; and is probably more strongly impressed on my mind by facts, and reflections suggested by them, than on yours which has contemplated abuses of power issuing from a very different quarter. Wherever there is an interest and power to do wrong, wrong will generally be done, and not less readily by a powerful & interested party than by a powerful and interested prince. …"</blockquote>
Misattributed

Maximilien Robespierre photo

„The secret of liberty is to enlighten men, as that of tyranny is to keep them in ignorance.“

—  Maximilien Robespierre French revolutionary lawyer and politician 1758 - 1794

As quoted in Human Rights and Freedoms in the USSR (1981) by Fedor Eliseevich Medvedev and Gennadiĭ Ivanovich Kulikov, p. 221
Original: Le secret de la liberté est d'éclairer les hommes, comme celui de la tyrannie est de les retenir dans l'ignorance
Variante: The secret of freedom lies in educating people, whereas the secret of tyranny is in keeping them ignorant.
Fonte: Public statement (November 1792), quoted in Oeuvres de Maximilien Robespierre (1840), Volume 2, p. 253 http://books.google.com/books?id=iSMVAAAAQAAJ

Benjamin Ricketson Tucker photo

„If the individual has a right to govern himself, all external government is tyranny.“

—  Benjamin Ricketson Tucker American journalist and anarchist 1854 - 1939

¶ 28
State Socialism and Anarchism: How Far They Agree, and Wherin They Differ (1888)
Contexto: If the individual has a right to govern himself, all external government is tyranny. Hence the necessity of abolishing the State.

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