Frases de Maria Antonieta

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Maria Antonieta

Data de nascimento: 2. Novembro 1755
Data de falecimento: 16. Outubro 1793
Outros nomes: Marie Antonie Josefa Johana Habsbursko-Lotrinská, Marie Antoinetta

Publicidade

Maria Antônia Josefa Joana de Habsburgo-Lorena foi uma arquiduquesa da Áustria e rainha consorte da França e Navarra. Décima quinta e penúltima filha de Francisco I do Sacro Império Romano-Germânico, e da imperatriz Maria Teresa da Áustria, casou-se em abril de 1770, aos quatorze anos de idade, com o então delfim de França , numa tentativa de estreitar os laços entre os dois inimigos históricos.

Detestada pela corte francesa, onde era chamada L'Autre-chienne , Maria Antonieta também ganhou gradualmente a antipatia do povo, que a acusava de perdulária e promíscua e de influenciar o marido a favor dos interesses austríacos.Depois da fuga de Varennes, Luís XVI foi deposto e a monarquia abolida em 21 de setembro de 1792; a família real foi posteriormente presa na Torre do Templo. Nove meses após a execução de seu marido, Maria Antonieta foi julgada, condenada por traição, e guilhotinada em 16 de outubro de 1793.

Após sua morte, Maria Antonieta tornou-se parte da cultura popular e uma figura histórica importante, sendo o assunto de vários livros, filmes e outras mídias. Alguns acadêmicos e estudiosos acreditam que ela tenha tido um comportamento frívolo e superficial, atribuindo-lhe o início da Revolução Francesa; no entanto, outros historiadores alegam que ela foi retratada injustamente e que as opiniões a seu respeito deveriam ser mais simpáticas.

Citações Maria Antonieta

„It is quite certain that in seeing the people who treat us so well despite their own misfortune, we are more obliged than ever to work hard for their happiness.“

— Marie Antoinette
Context: It is quite certain that in seeing the people who treat us so well despite their own misfortune, we are more obliged than ever to work hard for their happiness. The king seems to understand this truth; as for myself, I know that in my whole life (even if I live for a hundred years) I shall never forget the day of the coronation. After learning of the bread shortages that were occurring in Paris at the time of Louis XVI's coronation in Rheims, as quoted in Marie Antoinette: The Journey (2001) by Antonia Fraser, p. 135 . Tradition persists that Marie Antoinette joked "Let them eat cake!" (Qu'ils mangent de la brioche.) This phrase, however, occurs in a passage of Jean-Jacques Rousseau's Confessions, written in 1766, when Marie Antoinette was 11 years old and four years before her marriage to Louis XVI. Cf. [http://www.straightdope.com/classics/a2_334.html The Straight Dope], [http://partners.nytimes.com/library/magazine/home/20000625mag-onlanguage.html "On Language"] by William Safire at The New York Times, and in the discussions at [http://groups.google.com/group/alt.talk.royalty/msg/6a7b76d15c411368?dmode=source Google groups].

„We had a beautiful dream and that was all“

— Marie Antoinette
Context: We had a beautiful dream and that was all. The interest of my son is the only guide I have, and whatever happiness I could achieve by being free of this place I cannot consent to separate my self from him. I could not have any pleasure in the world if I abandoned my children. I do not even have any regrets. Marie Antoinette to the Chevalier Jarjayes on his persuading her to escape alone from the Tower; Lettres, II. p. 433; also quoted in Marie Antoinette: The Journey (2001) by Antonia Fraser, ISBN 0307277747.

„Courage! I have shown it for years; think you I shall lose it at the moment when my sufferings are to end?“

— Marie Antoinette
Responding to the priest who had accompanied her to the foot of the guillotine, who had whispered, "Courage, madame! Now is the time for courage." Quoted in Women of Beauty and Heroism (1859) by Frank B. Goodrich, p. 301. Variant translations: Courage! The moment when my ills are going to end is not the moment when courage is going to fail me. To the juror, Abbé Girard, shortly before her death, quoted in Marie-Antoinette a la Conciergerie (du ler août au 16 octobre 1793) 2nd edition (1864) by M. Émile Campardon Courage? The moment when my troubles are going to end is not the moment when my courage is going to fail me. As quoted in Marie Antoinette (2008) by Jane Bingham, p. 39