Frases de Lyndon Baines Johnson

Lyndon Baines Johnson foto
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Lyndon Baines Johnson

Data de nascimento: 27. Agosto 1908
Data de falecimento: 22. Janeiro 1973

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Lyndon Baines Johnson , comumente LBJ, foi um político norte-americano e o 36º presidente dos Estados Unidos, cargo que assumiu após servir como o 37º vice-presidente dos Estados Unidos. Ele é uma das quatro pessoas que já serviram nos quatro cargos federais eleitos popularmente nos Estados Unidos: representante, senador, vice-presidente e presidente. Membro do Partido Democrata do Texas, Johnson fez parte da Câmara dos Representantes entre 1937–49 e do Senado entre 1949–61. Após não ter conseguido a indicação para presidente em 1960, ele recebeu a oferta de John F. Kennedy para ser seu running mate na eleição de 1960.

Johnson ascendeu à presidência após o assassinato de Kennedy em 23 de novembro de 1963, completando o mandato de Kennedy e sendo eleito por conta própria com uma grande margem na eleição de 1964. Johnson recebeu grande apoio dos Democratas e, enquanto presidente, foi responsável por criar a legislação da "Grande Sociedade", que incluía leis que confirmavam os direitos civis, radiodifusão pública, Medicare, Medicaid, proteção ambiental, auxílio a educação e sua "Guerra a Pobreza". Ele era conhecido por sua personalidade autoritária e o "tratamento Johnson", sua coerção de políticos poderosos para avançar legislações. Durante os primeiros anos de sua presidência, a economia cresceu e milhões de americanos saíram da pobreza, especialmente por causa dos seus projetos de estímulo econômicos e sociais.

Johnson adotou uma política externa voltada com o anticomunismo. Ele aumentou a participação norte-americana na Guerra do Vietnã, indo de dezesseis mil soldados na região em 1963 para 550 mil no início de 1968, aumentando as fatalidades e diminuindo as chances de paz. O envolvimento gerou vários movimentos antiguerra principalmente em universidades de todo o país. Revoltas começaram a ocorrer em várias cidades e os crimes nas grandes cidades aumentaram em 1965, e seus oponentes passaram a exigir medidas de lei e ordem. O Partido Democrata dividiu-se em várias facções e, após não ter ido bem na convenção de Nova Hampshire em 1968, Johnson não conseguiu a indicação para tentar a reeleição, tendo que desistir da corrida presidencial em 1968. O Republicano Richard Nixon acabou por sucedê-lo. Após deixar a presidência, ele voltou para sua cidade natal, Stonewall, morrendo em 22 de janeiro de 1973.

O legado de sua presidência divide opiniões. Muitos historiadores argumentam que seu governo marcou o pico do liberalismo americano após a era do New Deal. Johnson é bem avaliado por muitos estudiosos e historiadores devido as suas políticas domésticas e a assinatura de diversas leis, incluindo de direitos civis, controle de armas e seguridade social. Apesar dos avanços internos, muitos o desqualificam como um bom presidente devido ao fiasco da guerra do Vietnã.

Citações Lyndon Baines Johnson

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„The only question was: Were they sturdy enough to make the journey, were they strong enough to clear the land, were they enduring enough to make a home for freedom, and were they brave enough to die for liberty if it became necessary to do so? And so it has been through all the great and testing moments of American history. Our history this year we see in Vietnam. Men there are dying; men named Fernandez and Zajac and Zelinko and Mariano and McCormick. Neither the enemy who killed them nor the people whose independence they have fought to save ever asked them where they or their parents came from. They were all Americans. It was for free men and for America that they gave their all, they gave their lives and selves. By eliminating that same question as a test for immigration the Congress proves ourselves worthy of those men and worthy of our own traditions as a nation“

— Lyndon B. Johnson
Context: When the earliest settlers poured into a wild continent there was no one to ask them where they came from. The only question was: Were they sturdy enough to make the journey, were they strong enough to clear the land, were they enduring enough to make a home for freedom, and were they brave enough to die for liberty if it became necessary to do so? And so it has been through all the great and testing moments of American history. Our history this year we see in Vietnam. Men there are dying; men named Fernandez and Zajac and Zelinko and Mariano and McCormick. Neither the enemy who killed them nor the people whose independence they have fought to save ever asked them where they or their parents came from. They were all Americans. It was for free men and for America that they gave their all, they gave their lives and selves. By eliminating that same question as a test for immigration the Congress proves ourselves worthy of those men and worthy of our own traditions as a nation.

„Government is best which is closest to the people. Yet that belief is betrayed by those State and local officials who engage in denying the right of citizens to vote. Their actions serve only to assure that their State governments and local governments shall be remote from the people, least representative of the people's will and least responsive to the people's wishes.“

— Lyndon B. Johnson
Context: The essence of our American tradition of State and local governments is the belief expressed by Thomas Jefferson that Government is best which is closest to the people. Yet that belief is betrayed by those State and local officials who engage in denying the right of citizens to vote. Their actions serve only to assure that their State governments and local governments shall be remote from the people, least representative of the people's will and least responsive to the people's wishes.

„Men want to be a part of a common enterprise—a cause greater than themselves. Each of us must find a way to advance the purpose of the Nation, thus finding new purpose for ourselves. Without this, we shall become a nation of strangers.“

— Lyndon B. Johnson
Context: We aspire to nothing that belongs to others. We seek no dominion over our fellow man, but man's dominion over tyranny and misery. But more is required. Men want to be a part of a common enterprise—a cause greater than themselves. Each of us must find a way to advance the purpose of the Nation, thus finding new purpose for ourselves. Without this, we shall become a nation of strangers.

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„We aspire to nothing that belongs to others. We seek no dominion over our fellow man, but man's dominion over tyranny and misery.“

— Lyndon B. Johnson
Context: We aspire to nothing that belongs to others. We seek no dominion over our fellow man, but man's dominion over tyranny and misery. But more is required. Men want to be a part of a common enterprise—a cause greater than themselves. Each of us must find a way to advance the purpose of the Nation, thus finding new purpose for ourselves. Without this, we shall become a nation of strangers.

„Throughout my entire public career I have followed the personal philosophy that I am a free man, an American, a public servant, and a member of my party, in that order always and only.“

— Lyndon B. Johnson
Context: Throughout my entire public career I have followed the personal philosophy that I am a free man, an American, a public servant, and a member of my party, in that order always and only. For 37 years in the service of our Nation, first as a Congressman, as a Senator, and as Vice President, and now as your President, I have put the unity of the people first. I have put it ahead of any divisive partisanship. And in these times as in times before, it is true that a house divided against itself by the spirit of faction, of party, of region, of religion, of race, is a house that cannot stand. An allusion to the Abraham Lincoln's House Divided Speech and a reference to the Gospel of Matthew, 12:25: "[Every] city or house divided against itself shall not stand."

„Justice means a man's hope should not be limited by the color of his skin“

— Lyndon B. Johnson
Context: I hope these measures will be adequate. But if the necessities of Vietnam require it, I will not hesitate to return to the Congress for additional appropriations, or additional revenues if they are needed. The second road is justice. Justice means a man's hope should not be limited by the color of his skin. I propose legislation to establish unavoidable requirements for nondiscriminatory jury selection in federal and state courts—and to give the Attorney General the power necessary to enforce those requirements. I propose legislation to strengthen authority of federal courts to try those who murder, attack, or intimidate either civil rights workers or others exercising their constitutional rights—and to increase penalties to a level equal to the nature of the crime. Legislation, resting on the fullest constitutional authority of the federal government, to prohibit racial discrimination in the sale or rental of housing. For that other nation within a nation—the poor—whose distress has now captured the conscience of America, I will ask the Congress not only to continue, but to speed up the war on poverty. And in so doing, we will provide the added energy of achievement with the increased efficiency of experience. To improve the life of our rural Americans and our farm population, we will plan for the future through the establishment of several new Community Development Districts, improved education through the use of Teacher Corps teams, better health measures, physical examinations, and adequate and available medical resources.

„Liberty was the second article of our covenant. It was self-government. It was our Bill of Rights.“

— Lyndon B. Johnson
Context: Liberty was the second article of our covenant. It was self-government. It was our Bill of Rights. But it was more. America would be a place where each man could be proud to be himself: stretching his talents, rejoicing in his work, important in the life of his neighbors and his nation. This has become more difficult in a world where change and growth seem to tower beyond the control and even the judgment of men. We must work to provide the knowledge and the surroundings which can enlarge the possibilities of every citizen. The American covenant called on us to help show the way for the liberation of man. And that is today our goal. Thus, if as a nation there is much outside our control, as a people no stranger is outside our hope.

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„Fuck your parliament and your constitution. America is an elephant. Cyprus is a flea. Greece is a flea“

— Lyndon B. Johnson
Context: Fuck your parliament and your constitution. America is an elephant. Cyprus is a flea. Greece is a flea. If these two fleas continue itching the elephant, they may just get whacked good... We pay a lot of good American dollars to the Greeks, Mr. Ambassador. If your Prime Minister gives me talk about democracy, parliament and constitution, he, his parliament and his constitution may not last long... Comment to the Greek ambassador to Washington, Alexander Matsas, over the Cyprus issue in June 1964. As quoted in I Should Have Died (1977) by Philip Deane, pp. 113-114.

„Because it is not just Negroes, but really it is all of us, who must overcome the crippling legacy of bigotry and injustice. And we shall overcome.“

— Lyndon B. Johnson
Context: But even if we pass this bill, the battle will not be over. What happened in Selma is part of a far larger movement which reaches into every section and state of America. It is the effort of American Negroes to secure for themselves the full blessings of American life. What happened in Selma is part of a far larger movement which reaches into every section and State of America. It is the effort of American Negroes to secure for themselves the full blessings of American life. Their cause must be our cause too. Because it is not just Negroes, but really it is all of us, who must overcome the crippling legacy of bigotry and injustice. And we shall overcome.

„A citizen must be able in confidence to complain to his Government and to provide information, just as he is–and should be–free to confide in the press without fear of reprisal or of being required to reveal or discuss his sources.“

— Lyndon B. Johnson
Context: A democracy works best when the people have all the information that the security of the Nation permits. No one should be able to pull curtains of secrecy around decisions which can be revealed without injury to the public interest. At the same time, the welfare of the Nation or the rights of individuals may require that some documents not be made available. As long as threats to peace exist, for example, there must be military secrets. A citizen must be able in confidence to complain to his Government and to provide information, just as he is– and should be– free to confide in the press without fear of reprisal or of being required to reveal or discuss his sources.

„For every generation, there is a destiny. For some, history decides. For this generation, the choice must be our own. [...] Our destiny in the midst of change will rest on the unchanged character of our people, and on their faith.“

— Lyndon B. Johnson
Context: For every generation, there is a destiny. For some, history decides. For this generation, the choice must be our own. [... ] Our destiny in the midst of change will rest on the unchanged character of our people, and on their faith.

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