Frases de Lyndon Baines Johnson

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Lyndon Baines Johnson

Data de nascimento: 27. Agosto 1908
Data de falecimento: 22. Janeiro 1973

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Lyndon Baines Johnson , comumente LBJ, foi um político norte-americano e o 36º presidente dos Estados Unidos, cargo que assumiu após servir como o 37º vice-presidente dos Estados Unidos. Ele é uma das quatro pessoas que já serviram nos quatro cargos federais eleitos popularmente nos Estados Unidos: representante, senador, vice-presidente e presidente. Membro do Partido Democrata do Texas, Johnson fez parte da Câmara dos Representantes entre 1937–49 e do Senado entre 1949–61. Após não ter conseguido a indicação para presidente em 1960, ele recebeu a oferta de John F. Kennedy para ser seu running mate na eleição de 1960.

Johnson ascendeu à presidência após o assassinato de Kennedy em 23 de novembro de 1963, completando o mandato de Kennedy e sendo eleito por conta própria com uma grande margem na eleição de 1964. Johnson recebeu grande apoio dos Democratas e, enquanto presidente, foi responsável por criar a legislação da "Grande Sociedade", que incluía leis que confirmavam os direitos civis, radiodifusão pública, Medicare, Medicaid, proteção ambiental, auxílio a educação e sua "Guerra a Pobreza". Ele era conhecido por sua personalidade autoritária e o "tratamento Johnson", sua coerção de políticos poderosos para avançar legislações. Durante os primeiros anos de sua presidência, a economia cresceu e milhões de americanos saíram da pobreza, especialmente por causa dos seus projetos de estímulo econômicos e sociais.

Johnson adotou uma política externa voltada com o anticomunismo. Ele aumentou a participação norte-americana na Guerra do Vietnã, indo de dezesseis mil soldados na região em 1963 para 550 mil no início de 1968, aumentando as fatalidades e diminuindo as chances de paz. O envolvimento gerou vários movimentos antiguerra principalmente em universidades de todo o país. Revoltas começaram a ocorrer em várias cidades e os crimes nas grandes cidades aumentaram em 1965, e seus oponentes passaram a exigir medidas de lei e ordem. O Partido Democrata dividiu-se em várias facções e, após não ter ido bem na convenção de Nova Hampshire em 1968, Johnson não conseguiu a indicação para tentar a reeleição, tendo que desistir da corrida presidencial em 1968. O Republicano Richard Nixon acabou por sucedê-lo. Após deixar a presidência, ele voltou para sua cidade natal, Stonewall, morrendo em 22 de janeiro de 1973.

O legado de sua presidência divide opiniões. Muitos historiadores argumentam que seu governo marcou o pico do liberalismo americano após a era do New Deal. Johnson é bem avaliado por muitos estudiosos e historiadores devido as suas políticas domésticas e a assinatura de diversas leis, incluindo de direitos civis, controle de armas e seguridade social. Apesar dos avanços internos, muitos o desqualificam como um bom presidente devido ao fiasco da guerra do Vietnã.

Citações Lyndon Baines Johnson

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„The Constitution says that no person shall be kept from voting because of his race or his color.“

— Lyndon B. Johnson
Context: The Constitution says that no person shall be kept from voting because of his race or his color. We have all sworn an oath before God to support and to defend that Constitution. We must now act in obedience to that oath. There is no constitutional issue here. The command of the Constitution is plain. There is no moral issue. It is wrong– deadly wrong– to deny any of your fellow Americans the right to vote in this country. There is no issue of States fights or national rights. There is only the struggle for human rights.

„A democracy works best when the people have all the information that the security of the Nation permits. No one should be able to pull curtains of secrecy around decisions which can be revealed without injury to the public interest. At the same time, the welfare of the Nation or the rights of individuals may require that some documents not be made available.“

— Lyndon B. Johnson
Context: A democracy works best when the people have all the information that the security of the Nation permits. No one should be able to pull curtains of secrecy around decisions which can be revealed without injury to the public interest. At the same time, the welfare of the Nation or the rights of individuals may require that some documents not be made available. As long as threats to peace exist, for example, there must be military secrets. A citizen must be able in confidence to complain to his Government and to provide information, just as he is– and should be– free to confide in the press without fear of reprisal or of being required to reveal or discuss his sources.

„At times history and fate meet at a single time in a single place to shape a turning point in man's unending search for freedom.“

— Lyndon B. Johnson
Context: At times history and fate meet at a single time in a single place to shape a turning point in man's unending search for freedom. So it was at Lexington and Concord. So it was a century ago at Appomattox. So it was last week in Selma, Alabama. There, long-suffering men and women peacefully protested the denial of their rights as Americans. Many were brutally assaulted. One good man, a man of God, was killed.

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„All Americans must have the privileges of citizenship regardless of race.“

— Lyndon B. Johnson
Context: All Americans must have the privileges of citizenship regardless of race. And they are going to have those privileges of citizenship regardless of race. But I would like to caution you and remind you that to exercise these privileges takes much more than just legal right. It requires a trained mind and a healthy body. It requires a decent home, and the chance to find a job, and the opportunity to escape from the clutches of poverty. Of course, people cannot contribute to the Nation if they are never taught to read or write, if their bodies are stunted from hunger, if their sickness goes untended, if their life is spent in hopeless poverty just drawing a welfare check. So we want to open the gates to opportunity. But we are also going to give all our people, black and white, the help that they need to walk through those gates.

„Our enemies have always made the same mistake.“

— Lyndon B. Johnson
Context: Our enemies have always made the same mistake. In my lifetime—in depression and in war—they have awaited our defeat. Each time, from the secret places of the American heart, came forth the faith they could not see or that they could not even imagine. It brought us victory. And it will again. For this is what America is all about. It is the uncrossed desert and the unclimbed ridge. It is the star that is not reached and the harvest sleeping in the unplowed ground. Is our world gone? We say "Farewell." Is a new world coming? We welcome it—and we will bend it to the hopes of man.

„Men want to be a part of a common enterprise—a cause greater than themselves. Each of us must find a way to advance the purpose of the Nation, thus finding new purpose for ourselves. Without this, we shall become a nation of strangers.“

— Lyndon B. Johnson
Context: We aspire to nothing that belongs to others. We seek no dominion over our fellow man, but man's dominion over tyranny and misery. But more is required. Men want to be a part of a common enterprise—a cause greater than themselves. Each of us must find a way to advance the purpose of the Nation, thus finding new purpose for ourselves. Without this, we shall become a nation of strangers.

„Of those to whom much is given, much is asked.“

— Lyndon B. Johnson
Context: Of those to whom much is given, much is asked. I cannot say and no man could say that no more will be asked of us. An allusion to the Parable of the Faithful Servant

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„This right to vote is the basic right without which all others are meaningless. It gives people, people as individuals, control over their own destinies.“

— Lyndon B. Johnson
Context: In 1957, as the leader of the majority in the United States Senate, speaking in support of legislation to guarantee the right of all men to vote, I said, "This right to vote is the basic right without which all others are meaningless. It gives people, people as individuals, control over their own destinies."

„America would be a place where each man could be proud to be himself: stretching his talents, rejoicing in his work, important in the life of his neighbors and his nation.“

— Lyndon B. Johnson
Context: Liberty was the second article of our covenant. It was self-government. It was our Bill of Rights. But it was more. America would be a place where each man could be proud to be himself: stretching his talents, rejoicing in his work, important in the life of his neighbors and his nation. This has become more difficult in a world where change and growth seem to tower beyond the control and even the judgment of men. We must work to provide the knowledge and the surroundings which can enlarge the possibilities of every citizen. The American covenant called on us to help show the way for the liberation of man. And that is today our goal. Thus, if as a nation there is much outside our control, as a people no stranger is outside our hope.

„There is no issue of States' rights or National rights. There is only the struggle for human rights.“

— Lyndon B. Johnson
Context: There is no Constitutional issue here. The command of the Constitution is plain. There is no moral issue. It is wrong—deadly wrong– to deny any of your fellow Americans the right to vote in this country. There is no issue of States' rights or National rights. There is only the struggle for human rights.

„There is no constitutional issue here. The command of the Constitution is plain. There is no moral issue. It is wrong–deadly wrong–to deny any of your fellow Americans the right to vote in this country. There is no issue of States fights or national rights. There is only the struggle for human rights.“

— Lyndon B. Johnson
Context: The Constitution says that no person shall be kept from voting because of his race or his color. We have all sworn an oath before God to support and to defend that Constitution. We must now act in obedience to that oath. There is no constitutional issue here. The command of the Constitution is plain. There is no moral issue. It is wrong– deadly wrong– to deny any of your fellow Americans the right to vote in this country. There is no issue of States fights or national rights. There is only the struggle for human rights.

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