Frases de Lyndon Baines Johnson

Lyndon Baines Johnson photo
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Lyndon Baines Johnson

Data de nascimento: 27. Agosto 1908
Data de falecimento: 22. Janeiro 1973

Lyndon Baines Johnson , comumente LBJ, foi um político norte-americano e o 36º presidente dos Estados Unidos, cargo que assumiu após servir como o 37º vice-presidente dos Estados Unidos. Ele é uma das quatro pessoas que ocuparam os quatro cargos federais mais elevados por eleição nos Estados Unidos: representante, senador, vice-presidente e presidente. Membro do Partido Democrata do Texas, Johnson fez parte da Câmara dos Representantes entre 1937–1949 e do Senado entre 1949–1961. Após não ter conseguido a indicação para presidente em 1960, ele recebeu a oferta de John F. Kennedy para ser seu running mate na eleição de 1960.

Johnson ascendeu à presidência após o assassinato de Kennedy em 22 de novembro de 1963, completando o mandato de Kennedy e sendo eleito por conta própria com uma grande margem na eleição de 1964. Johnson recebeu grande apoio dos Democratas e, enquanto presidente, foi responsável por criar a legislação da "Grande Sociedade", que incluía leis que confirmavam os direitos civis, radiodifusão pública, Medicare, Medicaid, proteção ambiental, auxílio a educação e sua "Guerra a Pobreza". Ele era conhecido por sua personalidade autoritária e o "tratamento Johnson", sua coerção de políticos poderosos para avançar legislações. Durante os primeiros anos de sua presidência, a economia cresceu e milhões de americanos saíram da pobreza, especialmente por causa dos seus projetos de estímulo econômicos e sociais.Johnson adotou uma política externa voltada com o anticomunismo. Ele escalou a participação norte-americana na Guerra do Vietnã, indo de dezesseis mil soldados na região em 1963 para 550 mil no início de 1968, aumentando as fatalidades e diminuindo as chances de paz. O envolvimento gerou vários movimentos antiguerra principalmente em universidades de todo o país. Revoltas começaram a ocorrer em várias regiões e o crime nas grandes cidades aumentou em 1965, e seus oponentes passaram a exigir medidas de lei e ordem. O Partido Democrata dividiu-se em várias facções e, após não ter ido bem na convenção de Nova Hampshire em 1968, Johnson não conseguiu a indicação para tentar a reeleição, tendo que desistir da corrida presidencial em 1968. O Republicano Richard Nixon acabou por sucedê-lo. Após deixar a presidência, ele voltou para sua cidade natal, Stonewall, morrendo em 22 de janeiro de 1973.

O legado de sua presidência divide opiniões. Muitos historiadores argumentam que seu governo marcou o pico do liberalismo americano após a era do New Deal. Johnson é bem avaliado por muitos estudiosos e historiadores devido as suas políticas domésticas e a assinatura de diversas leis, incluindo de direitos civis, controle de armas e seguridade social. Apesar dos avanços internos, muitos o desqualificam como um bom presidente devido ao fiasco da guerra do Vietnã. Wikipedia

Citações Lyndon Baines Johnson

„É melhor ter na sua tenda alguém que atira para fora, do que têlo fora a atirar para dentro.“

—  Lyndon Baines Johnson

It's probably better to have him inside the tent pissing out, than outside the tent pissing in.
Sobre o diretor do FBI J. Edgar Hoover, como citado em The New York Times (31 de outubro de 1971)

„I have concluded that I should not permit the Presidency to become involved in the partisan divisions that are developing in this political year.“

—  Lyndon B. Johnson

1960s, October surprise speech (1968)
Contexto: What we won when all of our people united just must not now be lost in suspicion, distrust, selfishness, and politics among any of our people. Believing this as I do, I have concluded that I should not permit the Presidency to become involved in the partisan divisions that are developing in this political year. With America's sons in the fields far away, with America's future under challenge right here at home, with our hopes and the world's hopes for peace in the balance every day, I do not believe that I should devote an hour or a day of my time to any personal partisan causes or to any duties other than the awesome duties of this office — the Presidency of your country. Accordingly, I shall not seek, and I will not accept, the nomination of my party for another term as your President.

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„We must work to provide the knowledge and the surroundings which can enlarge the possibilities of every citizen. The American covenant called on us to help show the way for the liberation of man. And that is today our goal. Thus, if as a nation there is much outside our control, as a people no stranger is outside our hope.“

—  Lyndon B. Johnson

1960s, Inaugural address (1965)
Contexto: Liberty was the second article of our covenant. It was self-government. It was our Bill of Rights. But it was more. America would be a place where each man could be proud to be himself: stretching his talents, rejoicing in his work, important in the life of his neighbors and his nation. This has become more difficult in a world where change and growth seem to tower beyond the control and even the judgment of men. We must work to provide the knowledge and the surroundings which can enlarge the possibilities of every citizen. The American covenant called on us to help show the way for the liberation of man. And that is today our goal. Thus, if as a nation there is much outside our control, as a people no stranger is outside our hope.

„A democracy works best when the people have all the information that the security of the Nation permits. No one should be able to pull curtains of secrecy around decisions which can be revealed without injury to the public interest. At the same time, the welfare of the Nation or the rights of individuals may require that some documents not be made available.“

—  Lyndon B. Johnson

1960s, Statement on the Freedom of Information Act (1966)
Contexto: A democracy works best when the people have all the information that the security of the Nation permits. No one should be able to pull curtains of secrecy around decisions which can be revealed without injury to the public interest. At the same time, the welfare of the Nation or the rights of individuals may require that some documents not be made available. As long as threats to peace exist, for example, there must be military secrets. A citizen must be able in confidence to complain to his Government and to provide information, just as he is– and should be– free to confide in the press without fear of reprisal or of being required to reveal or discuss his sources.

„America would be a place where each man could be proud to be himself: stretching his talents, rejoicing in his work, important in the life of his neighbors and his nation.“

—  Lyndon B. Johnson

1960s, Inaugural address (1965)
Contexto: Liberty was the second article of our covenant. It was self-government. It was our Bill of Rights. But it was more. America would be a place where each man could be proud to be himself: stretching his talents, rejoicing in his work, important in the life of his neighbors and his nation. This has become more difficult in a world where change and growth seem to tower beyond the control and even the judgment of men. We must work to provide the knowledge and the surroundings which can enlarge the possibilities of every citizen. The American covenant called on us to help show the way for the liberation of man. And that is today our goal. Thus, if as a nation there is much outside our control, as a people no stranger is outside our hope.

„On this hallowed ground, heroic deeds were performed and eloquent words were spoken a century ago. We, the living, have not forgotten–and the world will never forget–the deeds or the words of Gettysburg. We honor them now“

—  Lyndon B. Johnson

1960s, Memorial Day speech (1963)
Contexto: On this hallowed ground, heroic deeds were performed and eloquent words were spoken a century ago. We, the living, have not forgotten– and the world will never forget– the deeds or the words of Gettysburg. We honor them now as we join on this Memorial Day of 1963 in a prayer for permanent peace of the world and fulfillment of our hopes for universal freedom and justice.

„This was the first nation in the history of the world to be founded with a purpose. The great phrases of that purpose still sound in every American heart, North and South: "All men are created equal" — "government by consent of the governed" — "give me liberty or give me death." Well, those are not just clever words, or those are not just empty theories.“

—  Lyndon B. Johnson

1960s, The American Promise (1965)
Contexto: This was the first nation in the history of the world to be founded with a purpose. The great phrases of that purpose still sound in every American heart, North and South: "All men are created equal" — "government by consent of the governed" — "give me liberty or give me death." Well, those are not just clever words, or those are not just empty theories. In their name Americans have fought and died for two centuries, and tonight around the world they stand there as guardians of our liberty, risking their lives. Those words are a promise to every citizen that he shall share in the dignity of man. This dignity cannot be found in a man's possessions; it cannot be found in his power, or in his position. It really rests on his right to be treated as a man equal in opportunity to all others. It says that he shall share in freedom, he shall choose his leaders, educate his children, and provide for his family according to his ability and his merits as a human being.

„Government is best which is closest to the people. Yet that belief is betrayed by those State and local officials who engage in denying the right of citizens to vote. Their actions serve only to assure that their State governments and local governments shall be remote from the people, least representative of the people's will and least responsive to the people's wishes.“

—  Lyndon B. Johnson

1960s, Special message to Congress on the right to vote (1965)
Contexto: The essence of our American tradition of State and local governments is the belief expressed by Thomas Jefferson that Government is best which is closest to the people. Yet that belief is betrayed by those State and local officials who engage in denying the right of citizens to vote. Their actions serve only to assure that their State governments and local governments shall be remote from the people, least representative of the people's will and least responsive to the people's wishes.

„Men want to be a part of a common enterprise—a cause greater than themselves. Each of us must find a way to advance the purpose of the Nation, thus finding new purpose for ourselves. Without this, we shall become a nation of strangers.“

—  Lyndon B. Johnson

1960s, Inaugural address (1965)
Contexto: We aspire to nothing that belongs to others. We seek no dominion over our fellow man, but man's dominion over tyranny and misery. But more is required. Men want to be a part of a common enterprise—a cause greater than themselves. Each of us must find a way to advance the purpose of the Nation, thus finding new purpose for ourselves. Without this, we shall become a nation of strangers.

„Because it is not just Negroes, but really it is all of us, who must overcome the crippling legacy of bigotry and injustice. And we shall overcome.“

—  Lyndon B. Johnson

1960s, The American Promise (1965)
Contexto: But even if we pass this bill, the battle will not be over. What happened in Selma is part of a far larger movement which reaches into every section and state of America. It is the effort of American Negroes to secure for themselves the full blessings of American life. What happened in Selma is part of a far larger movement which reaches into every section and State of America. It is the effort of American Negroes to secure for themselves the full blessings of American life. Their cause must be our cause too. Because it is not just Negroes, but really it is all of us, who must overcome the crippling legacy of bigotry and injustice. And we shall overcome.

„The law cannot save those who deny it but neither can the law serve any who do not use it. The history of injustice and inequality is a history of disuse of the law. Law has not failed — and is not failing. We as a nation have failed ourselves by not trusting the law and by not using the law to gain sooner the ends of justice which law alone serves.“

—  Lyndon B. Johnson

1960s, Memorial Day speech (1963)
Contexto: The law cannot save those who deny it but neither can the law serve any who do not use it. The history of injustice and inequality is a history of disuse of the law. Law has not failed — and is not failing. We as a nation have failed ourselves by not trusting the law and by not using the law to gain sooner the ends of justice which law alone serves. If the white over-estimates what he has done for the Negro without the law, the Negro may under-estimate what he is doing and can do for himself with the law.

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