Frases de Louis Antoine de Saint-Just

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Louis Antoine de Saint-Just

Data de nascimento: 25. Agosto 1767
Data de falecimento: 28. Julho 1794

Saint-Just foi um aspirante a literato, pensador e político revolucionário francês.

Foi eleito para a Convenção em 05 de setembro de 1792, e votou pela execução do Rei. Seu discurso em favor da execução do monarca é considerado um dos mais importantes e eloquentes do processo, e foi determinante para a condenação de Luis XVI. Em 30 de maio de 1793 foi eleito membro do Comitê de Salvação Pública, onde se destaca como um dos líderes. Nesta fase, desenvolve teorias sobre o governo revolucionário, e se torna um dos defensores da política do Terror.

Foi denunciado no tribunal da Convenção dos Girondinos, e pelos extremistas e moderados de seu próprio partido, os Montanheses. Depois, encarregado da reorganização do exército, fez ali um extraordinário trabalho.

Toda a sua ação política visava criar uma "democracia" de pequenos proprietários, de trabalhadores e artesãos, fiéis à República. Foi guilhotinado em 28 de julho de 1794.

Por sua intransigência durante o período de Terror, foi apelidado "arcanjo do Terror" e "arcanjo da Revolução".

Citações Louis Antoine de Saint-Just

„I have not found a single good man in government; I have found good only in the people.“

—  Louis Antoine de Saint-Just

On declaring the Minister of War, Charles François Dumouriez, a traitor (March 1793). [Source: David William Bates, Enlightenment aberrations: error and revolution in France (Cornell University Press, 2002), p. 169]

„Dare! — this word contains all the politics of our revolution.“

—  Louis Antoine de Saint-Just

Osez! — ce mot renferme toute la politique de notre révolution.
Speech to the National Convention (February 26, 1794) http://books.google.com/books?client=safari&rls=en&q=%22ce%20mot%20renferme%20toute%20la%20politique%20de%22&oe=UTF-8&um=1&ie=UTF-8&sa=N&hl=en&tab=wp; though widely published in the above form, this has sometimes been misquoted in some recent publications http://www.royet.org/nea1789-1794/archives/discours/stjust_suspects_incarceres_26_02_94.htm as: Osez! — ce mot renferme toute la politique de votre révolution. [Dare! — this word contains all the politics of your revolution.]

„I am not of any faction, I will fight them all.“

—  Louis Antoine de Saint-Just

Je ne suis d'aucune faction, je les combattrai toutes.
Discours pour la défense de Robespierre http://www.royet.org/nea1789-1794/archives/discours/stjust_defense_robespierre_27_07_94.htm, speech to the National Convention (July 27, 1794).

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„It is time that we labored for the happiness of the people. Legislators who are to bring light and order into the world must pursue their course with inexorable tread, fearless and unswerving as the sun.“

—  Louis Antoine de Saint-Just

Travaillons enfin pour le bonheur du peuple, et que les legislateurs qui doivent éclairer le monde prennent leur course d'un pied hardi, comme le soleil.
Speech to the National Convention (December 27, 1792). [Source: Oeuvres Complètes de Saint-Just, Vol. 1 (2 vols., Paris, 1908), p. 383]

„The legislator commands the future; to be feeble will avail him nothing: it is for him to will what is good and to perpetuate it; to make man what he desires to be: for the laws, working upon the social body, which is inert in itself, can produce either virtue or crime, civilized customs or savagery.“

—  Louis Antoine de Saint-Just

Le législateur commande à l’avenir; il ne lui sert de rien d’être faible: c’est à lui de vouloir le bien et de le perpétuer; c’est à lui de rendre les hommes ce qu’il veut qu’ils soient: selon que les lois animent le corps social, inerte par lui-même, il en résulte les vertus ou les crimes, les bonnes mœurs ou la férocité.
Discours sur la Constitution à donner à la France http://www.royet.org/nea1789-1794/archives/discours/stjust_constitution_24_04_93.htm, speech to the National Convention (April 24, 1793).

„It has always seemed to me that the social order was implicit in the very nature of things, and required nothing more from the human spirit than care in arranging the various elements; that a people could be governed without being made thralls or libertines or victims thereby; that man was born for peace and liberty, and became miserable and cruel only through the action of insidious and oppressive laws. And I believe therefore that if man be given laws which harmonize with the dictates of nature and of his heart he will cease to be unhappy and corrupt.“

—  Louis Antoine de Saint-Just

J’ai pensé que l’ordre social était dans la nature même des choses, et n’empruntait de l’esprit humain que le soin d’en mettre à leur place les éléments divers; qu’un peuple pouvait être gouverné sans être assujetti, sans être licencieux, et sans être opprimé; que l’homme naissait pour la paix et pour la liberté, et n’était malheureux et corrompu que par les lois insidieuses de la domination. Alors j’imaginai que si l’on donnait à l’homme des lois selon la nature et son cœur, il cesserait d’être malheureux et corrompu.
Discours sur la Constitution à donner à la France http://www.royet.org/nea1789-1794/archives/discours/stjust_constitution_24_04_93.htm, speech to the National Convention (April 24, 1793).

„One cannot reign innocently: the insanity of doing so is evident. Every king is a rebel and a usurper.“

—  Louis Antoine de Saint-Just

On ne peut point régner innocemment : la folie en est trop évidente. Tout roi est un rebelle et un usurpateur.
Sur le jugement de Louis XVI (1er discours) http://www.royet.org/nea1789-1794/archives/discours/stjust_jugement_louis16_1_13_11_92.htm, speech to the National Convention (November 13, 1792).

„You who make the laws, the vices and the virtues of the people will be your work.“

—  Louis Antoine de Saint-Just

(Autumn 1792) [Source: Oeuvres Complètes de Saint-Just, vol. 1 (2 vols., Paris, 1908), p. 380]

„Happiness is a new idea in Europe.“

—  Louis Antoine de Saint-Just

Le bonheur est une idée neuve en Europe.
Sur le mode d'exécution du décret contre les ennemis de la Révolution http://www.royet.org/nea1789-1794/archives/discours/stjust_decret_ennemis_revolution_03_03_94.htm, speech to the National Convention (March 3, 1794).

„Those who make revolutions by halves do nothing but dig their own tombs.“

—  Louis Antoine de Saint-Just

(January 1793) [Source: Oeuvres Complètes de Saint-Just, vol. 1 (2 vols., Paris, 1908), p. 414]

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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