Frases de Konrad Lorenz

Konrad Lorenz foto
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Konrad Lorenz

Data de nascimento: 7. Novembro 1903
Data de falecimento: 27. Fevereiro 1989

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Konrad Zacharias Lorenz foi um zoólogo, etólogo e ornitólogo austríaco.

Foi agraciado com o Nobel de Fisiologia ou Medicina de 1973, por seus estudos sobre o comportamento animal, a etologia.

Konrad Lorenz era filho de um cirurgião, e apresentou grande interesse sobre os animais, estudando o seu comportamento desde o nascimento. Em 1922 começou o seu curso de medicina em Nova Iorque mas voltou depois para Viena. Fez o seu doutorado em zoologia pela universidade local.

Em 1935 descreveu o processo de aprendizagem nos gansos e criou o conceito de "imprinting", este é um fenômeno exibido por vários animais filhotes, principalmente, pássaros tais quais pintinhos e patinhos. Após saírem dos ovos seguirão o primeiro objeto em movimento que eles encontrarem no ambiente, o qual pode ser a mãe, mas não necessariamente.

Foi professor da Universidade de Königsberg.

Citações Konrad Lorenz

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„It does not require very great optimism to assume that from us human beings something better and higher may evolve. Far from seeing in man the irrevocable and unsurpassable image of God, I assert – more modestly and, I believe, in greater awe of the Creation and its infinite possibilities – that the long-sought missing link between animals and the really humane being is ourselves!“

— Konrad Lorenz
Context: We are the highest achievement reached so far by the great constructors of evolution. We are their "latest" but certainly not their last word. The scientist must not regard anything as absolute, not even the laws of pure reason. He must remain aware of the great fact, discovered by Heraclitus, that nothing whatever really remains the same even for one moment, but that everything is perpetually changing. To regard man, the most ephemeral and rapidly evolving of all species, as the final and unsurpassable achievement of creation, especially at his present-day particularly dangerous and disagreeable stage of development, is certainly the most arrogant and dangerous of all untenable doctrines. If I thought of man as the final image of God, I should not know what to think of God. But when I consider that our ancestors, at a time fairly recent in relation to the earth's history, were perfectly ordinary apes, closely related to chimpanzees, I see a glimmer of hope. It does not require very great optimism to assume that from us human beings something better and higher may evolve. Far from seeing in man the irrevocable and unsurpassable image of God, I assert – more modestly and, I believe, in greater awe of the Creation and its infinite possibilities – that the long-sought missing link between animals and the really humane being is ourselves! Ch. XII : On the Virtue of Scientific Humility

„Our freest will underlies strict moral laws, and one of the reasons for our longing for freedom is to prevent our obeying other laws than these.“

— Konrad Lorenz
Context: Nobody can seriously believe that free will means that it is left entirely to the will of the individual, as to an irresponsible tyrant, to do or not do whatever he pleases. Our freest will underlies strict moral laws, and one of the reasons for our longing for freedom is to prevent our obeying other laws than these. It is significant that the anguished feeling of not being free is never evoked by the realisation that our behaviour is just as firmly bound to moral laws as physiological processes are to physical ones. We are all agreed that the greatest and most precious freedom of man is identical with the moral laws within him. Increasing knowledge of the natural causes of his own behaviour can certainly increase a man's faculties and enable him to put his free will into action, but it can never diminish his will. If, in the impossible case of an utopian complete and ultimate success of causal analysis, man should ever achieve complete insight into the causality of earthly phenomena, including the workings of his own organism, he would not cease to have a will but it would be in perfect harmony with the incontrovertible lawfulness of the universe, the Weltvernunft of the Logos. This idea is foreign only to our present-day western thought; it was quite familiar to ancient Indian philosophy and to the mystics of the middle ages. Ch. XII : On the Virtue of Scientific Humility

„We are the highest achievement reached so far by the great constructors of evolution. We are their "latest" but certainly not their last word.“

— Konrad Lorenz
Context: We are the highest achievement reached so far by the great constructors of evolution. We are their "latest" but certainly not their last word. The scientist must not regard anything as absolute, not even the laws of pure reason. He must remain aware of the great fact, discovered by Heraclitus, that nothing whatever really remains the same even for one moment, but that everything is perpetually changing. To regard man, the most ephemeral and rapidly evolving of all species, as the final and unsurpassable achievement of creation, especially at his present-day particularly dangerous and disagreeable stage of development, is certainly the most arrogant and dangerous of all untenable doctrines. If I thought of man as the final image of God, I should not know what to think of God. But when I consider that our ancestors, at a time fairly recent in relation to the earth's history, were perfectly ordinary apes, closely related to chimpanzees, I see a glimmer of hope. It does not require very great optimism to assume that from us human beings something better and higher may evolve. Far from seeing in man the irrevocable and unsurpassable image of God, I assert – more modestly and, I believe, in greater awe of the Creation and its infinite possibilities – that the long-sought missing link between animals and the really humane being is ourselves! Ch. XII : On the Virtue of Scientific Humility

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