Frases de Ferdinand de Saussure

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Ferdinand de Saussure

Data de nascimento: 26. Novembro 1857
Data de falecimento: 22. Fevereiro 1913

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Ferdinand de Saussure foi um linguista e filósofo suíço, cujas elaborações teóricas propiciaram o desenvolvimento da linguística enquanto ciência autônoma. Seu pensamento exerceu grande influência sobre o campo da teoria da literatura e dos estudos culturais.

Saussure entendia a linguística como um ramo da ciência mais geral dos signos, que ele propôs que fosse chamada de Semiologia. Graças aos seus estudos e ao trabalho de Leonard Bloomfield, a linguística adquiriu autonomia, objeto e método próprios. Seus conceitos serviram de base para o desenvolvimento do estruturalismo no século XX.

Citações Ferdinand de Saussure

„The characteristic role of language with respect to thought is not to create a material phonic means for expressing ideas but to serve as a link between thought and sound,“

— Ferdinand de Saussure
Context: The characteristic role of language with respect to thought is not to create a material phonic means for expressing ideas but to serve as a link between thought and sound, under conditions that of necessity bring about the reciprocal delimitations of units. Thought, chaotic by nature, has to become ordered in the process of its decomposition. Neither are thoughts given material form nor are sounds transformed into mental entities; the somewhat mysterious fact is rather that "thought-sound" implies division, and that language works out its units while taking shape between two shapeless masses. Visualize the air in contact with a sheet of water; if the atmospheric pressure changes, the surface of the water will be broken up into a series of divisions, waves; the waves resemble the union or coupling of thought with phonic substance. p. 112

„Time changes all things; there is no reason why language should escape this universal law.“

— Ferdinand de Saussure
Context: The causes of continuity are a priori within the scope of the observer, but the causes of change in time are not. It is better not to attempt giving an exact account at this point, but to restrict discussion to the shifting of relationships in general. Time changes all things; there is no reason why language should escape this universal law. p. 77

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„Language is a system of signs that express ideas,“

— Ferdinand de Saussure
Context: Language is a system of signs that express ideas, and is therefore comparable to a system of writing, the alphabet of deaf-mutes, symbolic rites, polite formulas, military signals, etc. But it is the most important of all these systems. p. 16 ; Partly cited in; Geza Revesz, The Origins and Prehistory of Language, London 1956. p. 126

„Without language, thought is a vague, uncharted nebula.“

— Ferdinand de Saussure, Course in General Linguistics
Context: Psychologically our thought-apart from its expression in words-is only a shapeless and indistinct mass. Philosophers and linguists have always agreed in recognizing that without the help of signs we would be unable to make a clear-cut, consistent distinction between two ideas. Without language, thought is a vague, uncharted nebula. here are no pre-existing ideas, and nothing is distinct before the appearance of language. p. 111-112

„Psychologically our thought-apart from its expression in words-is only a shapeless and indistinct mass.“

— Ferdinand de Saussure, Course in General Linguistics
Context: Psychologically our thought-apart from its expression in words-is only a shapeless and indistinct mass. Philosophers and linguists have always agreed in recognizing that without the help of signs we would be unable to make a clear-cut, consistent distinction between two ideas. Without language, thought is a vague, uncharted nebula. here are no pre-existing ideas, and nothing is distinct before the appearance of language. p. 111-112

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