Frases de Cavalo Louco

Cavalo Louco foto
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Cavalo Louco

Data de falecimento: 5. Setembro 1877

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Cavalo Louco foi um respeitado ameríndio sioux, líder militar da tribo dos Oglala Lakota, que lutou com seu povo contra o governo federal dos Estados Unidos para preservar as terras e tradições dos dacotas, durante a segunda metade do século XIX, nas chamadas Guerras indígenas nos Estados Unidos da América.

Ao lado de Touro Sentado, ele conduziu seus guerreiros durante a batalha de Little Bighorn, evento em que morreu o célebre General Custer. Ele descendia de Búfalo Negro , um dos índios que pararam a expedição exploratória de Lewis & Clark em Bad River. Além das lutas contra a Cavalaria dos Estados Unidos, Cavalo Louco participou de inúmeras batalhas contra as tribos rivais: Crow, Shoshone, Pawnee, Blackfeet. Depois do massacre de 1864 os Lakota se juntaram aos Cheyenne contra a Cavalaria. Demonstrando valentia, em 1865 Cavalo Louco se tornou Ogle Tanka .

Em 2 de agosto de 1867, Cavalo Louco participou do ataque a Wagon Box Fight , evento da chamada guerra do chefe Nuvem Vermelha, , . Depois de mineiros de Black Hills desrespeitarem o Tratado de Fort Laramie , que foi assinado pelo chefe cheyenne Little Wolf para pôr fim à guerra, e matarem o índio Little Hawk, Cavalo Louco e Touro Sentado realizaram o primeiro grande ataque às tropas militares . Em 17 de junho de 1876, Cavalo Louco e mais de 1500 índios atacaram o General George Crook na Batalha de Rosebud, dando início à chamada Guerra Sioux. A batalha fez com que o General Crook ficasse sob o comando do General Custer. Em 25 de junho de 1876 Custer atacou um acampamento de Lakotas e Cheyennes, dando início à Batalha de Little Bighorn, na qual morreu juntamente com os seus homens. Cavalo Louco empreenderia a maior batalha contra a Cavalaria em 8 de janeiro de 1877, em Wolf Montain, Montana. Em 5 de maio de 1877, com seu povo cansado e faminto, acabou por se render às tropas do General Crook em Nebraska.

Em 5 de setembro de 1877 Cavalo Louco foi morto quando era prisioneiro, atravessado por uma baioneta de um dos guardas do Camp Robinson, depois de uma suposta tentativa de fuga.

Em 1947 inicia-se a construção do monumento em homenagem a Cavalo Louco situado no monte Thunderheade em Custer pelo escultor Korezak Ziolkowski no local escolhido por ele e pelo filho de Cavalo Louco em 1940, o monumento tem 170 metros de altura e 195 de comprimento e representa Cavalo Louco montado em seu pônei.

Citações Cavalo Louco

„My friend, I do not blame you for this.“

— Crazy Horse
Context: My friend, I do not blame you for this. Had I listened to you this trouble would not have happened to me. I was not hostile to the white men. Sometimes my young men would attack the Indians who were their enemies and took their ponies. They did it in return. We had buffalo for food, and their hides for clothing and for our tepees. We preferred hunting to a life of idleness on the reservation, where we were driven against our will. At times we did not get enough to eat and we were not allowed to leave the reservation to hunt. We preferred our own way of living. We were no expense to the government. All we wanted was peace and to be left alone. Soldiers were sent out in the winter, they destroyed our villages. The "Long Hair" [Custer] came in the same way. They say we massacred him, but he would have done the same thing to us had we not defended ourselves and fought to the last. Our first impulse was to escape with our squaws and papooses, but we were so hemmed in that we had to fight. After that I went up on the Tongue River with a few of my people and lived in peace. But the government would not let me alone. Finally, I came back to the Red Cloud Agency. Yet, I was not allowed to remain quiet. I was tired of fighting. I went to the Spotted Tail Agency and asked that chief and his agent to let me live there in peace. I came here with the agent [Lee] to talk with the Big White Chief but was not given a chance. They tried to confine me. I tried to escape, and a soldier ran his bayonet into me. I have spoken. As quoted in Literature of the American Indian (1973) by Thomas Edward Sanders and Walter W. Peek, p. 294

„We preferred our own way of living. We were no expense to the government. All we wanted was peace and to be left alone.“

— Crazy Horse
Context: My friend, I do not blame you for this. Had I listened to you this trouble would not have happened to me. I was not hostile to the white men. Sometimes my young men would attack the Indians who were their enemies and took their ponies. They did it in return. We had buffalo for food, and their hides for clothing and for our tepees. We preferred hunting to a life of idleness on the reservation, where we were driven against our will. At times we did not get enough to eat and we were not allowed to leave the reservation to hunt. We preferred our own way of living. We were no expense to the government. All we wanted was peace and to be left alone. Soldiers were sent out in the winter, they destroyed our villages. The "Long Hair" [Custer] came in the same way. They say we massacred him, but he would have done the same thing to us had we not defended ourselves and fought to the last. Our first impulse was to escape with our squaws and papooses, but we were so hemmed in that we had to fight. After that I went up on the Tongue River with a few of my people and lived in peace. But the government would not let me alone. Finally, I came back to the Red Cloud Agency. Yet, I was not allowed to remain quiet. I was tired of fighting. I went to the Spotted Tail Agency and asked that chief and his agent to let me live there in peace. I came here with the agent [Lee] to talk with the Big White Chief but was not given a chance. They tried to confine me. I tried to escape, and a soldier ran his bayonet into me. I have spoken. As quoted in Literature of the American Indian (1973) by Thomas Edward Sanders and Walter W. Peek, p. 294

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„I was not hostile to the white men. Sometimes my young men would attack the Indians who were their enemies and took their ponies. They did it in return.“

— Crazy Horse
Context: My friend, I do not blame you for this. Had I listened to you this trouble would not have happened to me. I was not hostile to the white men. Sometimes my young men would attack the Indians who were their enemies and took their ponies. They did it in return. We had buffalo for food, and their hides for clothing and for our tepees. We preferred hunting to a life of idleness on the reservation, where we were driven against our will. At times we did not get enough to eat and we were not allowed to leave the reservation to hunt. We preferred our own way of living. We were no expense to the government. All we wanted was peace and to be left alone. Soldiers were sent out in the winter, they destroyed our villages. The "Long Hair" [Custer] came in the same way. They say we massacred him, but he would have done the same thing to us had we not defended ourselves and fought to the last. Our first impulse was to escape with our squaws and papooses, but we were so hemmed in that we had to fight. After that I went up on the Tongue River with a few of my people and lived in peace. But the government would not let me alone. Finally, I came back to the Red Cloud Agency. Yet, I was not allowed to remain quiet. I was tired of fighting. I went to the Spotted Tail Agency and asked that chief and his agent to let me live there in peace. I came here with the agent [Lee] to talk with the Big White Chief but was not given a chance. They tried to confine me. I tried to escape, and a soldier ran his bayonet into me. I have spoken. As quoted in Literature of the American Indian (1973) by Thomas Edward Sanders and Walter W. Peek, p. 294

„A very great vision is needed, and the man who has it must follow it as the eagle seeks the deepest blue of the sky.“

— Crazy Horse
Context: A very great vision is needed, and the man who has it must follow it as the eagle seeks the deepest blue of the sky. As quoted in To Be Just Is to Love : Homilies for a Church Renewing‎ (2001) by Walter J. Burghardt, p. 214

„They tried to confine me. I tried to escape, and a soldier ran his bayonet into me. I have spoken.“

— Crazy Horse
Context: My friend, I do not blame you for this. Had I listened to you this trouble would not have happened to me. I was not hostile to the white men. Sometimes my young men would attack the Indians who were their enemies and took their ponies. They did it in return. We had buffalo for food, and their hides for clothing and for our tepees. We preferred hunting to a life of idleness on the reservation, where we were driven against our will. At times we did not get enough to eat and we were not allowed to leave the reservation to hunt. We preferred our own way of living. We were no expense to the government. All we wanted was peace and to be left alone. Soldiers were sent out in the winter, they destroyed our villages. The "Long Hair" [Custer] came in the same way. They say we massacred him, but he would have done the same thing to us had we not defended ourselves and fought to the last. Our first impulse was to escape with our squaws and papooses, but we were so hemmed in that we had to fight. After that I went up on the Tongue River with a few of my people and lived in peace. But the government would not let me alone. Finally, I came back to the Red Cloud Agency. Yet, I was not allowed to remain quiet. I was tired of fighting. I went to the Spotted Tail Agency and asked that chief and his agent to let me live there in peace. I came here with the agent [Lee] to talk with the Big White Chief but was not given a chance. They tried to confine me. I tried to escape, and a soldier ran his bayonet into me. I have spoken. As quoted in Literature of the American Indian (1973) by Thomas Edward Sanders and Walter W. Peek, p. 294

„Another white man's trick! Let me go! Let me die fighting!“

— Crazy Horse
During the final confrontation in which he was fatally wounded, as quoted in Indian Heroes and Great Chieftains (1919) by Charles Alexander Eastman

„My lands are where my dead lie buried.“

— Crazy Horse
As quoted in National Geographic Vol. CX (July-December 1956), p. 487

„One does not sell the earth upon which the people walk.“

— Crazy Horse
As quoted in Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee (1970) by Dee Brown, Ch. 12

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