Frases de Yoweri Museveni

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Yoweri Museveni

Data de nascimento: 15. Setembro 1944

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Yoweri Kaguta Museveni é o atual presidente do Uganda desde 1986, através duma revolta conduzida pelo Exército de Resistência Nacional , mas foi democraticamente eleito em 1996, quando concorreu contra Paul Ssemogere, líder do Partido Democrático, tendo ganho 75% dos votos. Seu governo matou pelo menos 20 mil ugandeses.Yoeri Museveni é filho de Amos Kaguta e Esteri Kokundeka, uma família de pequenos criadores de gado; o pai pertence ao clã Basiita e a mãe ao ramo Beene Rukaari, do aristocrático clã Bashambo. O seu sobrenome vem de Abasuveni, que eram os soldados ugandeses no “Sétimo Regimento dos Artilheiros Africanos do Rei”. O jovem Museveni fez a escola primária em Kyamate, a secundária em Mbarara e depois estudou ciências políticas e concluiu um bacharelato em economia na Universidade de Dar es Salaam, graduando-se em 1970.

Museveni participou na formação da “Frente de Salvação Nacional”, que foi um dos grupos rebeldes que, apoiados pela Tanzânia, afastaram Idi Amin do poder. A sua carreira política começa nesta fase, servindo como ministro nos governos que se seguiram mas, em 1980 ele declara que as eleições tinham sido manchadas por fraude e, em 6 de Fevereiro de 1981, lança-se numa guerra de guerrilha com base nos pântanos do centro do Uganda, liderando o Exército de Resistência Nacional que, em Janeiro de 1986, capturou Kampala e colocou Museveni como presidente.

Museveni acabou com os abusos aos direitos humanos, iniciou uma política de liberalização e de liberdade de imprensa e estabeleceu acordos com o Fundo Monetário Internacional, o Banco Mundial e com vários países. Do ponto de vista político, ele forma o “Movimento Nacional de Resistência”, que ele descrevia como uma forma de transição ou forma alternativa de democracia e que funcionou como partido único até 1996, quando o multipartidarismo foi finalmente adoptado.

Sob a sua direcção, a economia do Uganda cresceu sensivelmente e os níveis de pobreza caíram em 20% desde 1992, o número de crianças das escolas primárias duplicou e a taxa de prevalência do HIV é uma das mais baixas de África. No entanto, a sua política de controlo do HIV através da abstinência, de que a sua esposa Janet é a principal activista, tem sido criticado por algumas organizações.

Também é criticado pelo desrespeito dos direitos humanos, pela adoção da pena de morte, pela falta de liberdade de expressão e corrupção no país, sendo vários casos denunciados. Um dos casos da aplicação da pena de morte mais criticados é David Kato por exibir a sua identidade sexual. Atualmente há denúncia da oposição sobre a possível corrupção na contagem de votos, em que comprou votos e subornou funcionários que contavam os votos.

== Referências ==

Citações Yoweri Museveni

„Africa is wealthy in natural resources; the problem is they are not optimally utilized.“

—  Yoweri Museveni
2000s, As quoted in "President Museveni Highlights Ugandan Achievements for Americans: Ugandan leader proud of political opening, economic growth in his country" https://web.archive.org/web/20050927025054/http://news.findlaw.com/wash/s/20050923/200509231521551.html (23 September 2005), by Jim Fisher-Thompson, Washington File, FindLaw

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„Of course. They're disgusting. What sort of people are they? I never knew what they were doing. I've been told recently that what they do is terrible. Disgusting.“

—  Yoweri Museveni
2010s, When asked "Do you personally dislike homosexuals?", as quoted in Uganda president: Homosexuals are 'disgusting' http://edition.cnn.com/2014/02/24/world/africa/uganda-homosexuality-interview/index.html?sr=fb022414ugandapresident7p (25 February 2014), by Elizabeth Landau, Zain Verjee, and Antonia Mortensen, CNN

„You cannot, for instance, sustainably protect the environment if the majority of the people are still in primitive agriculture leading to the encroachment of forest reserves.“

—  Yoweri Museveni
2000s, At the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting (23 November 2007), as quoted in "Listen to the young, says Queen" http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/7108896.stm (23 November 2007), BBC News, United Kingdom: British Broadcasting Corporation

„This is not a mere change of guards, I think this is a fundamental change in the politics of our government.“

—  Yoweri Museveni
1980s, First public speech as Ugandan president (26 January 1986), as quoted in "Rebel Sworn in as Uganda President" http://www.nytimes.com/1986/01/30/world/rebel-sworn-in-as-uganda-president.html (30 January 1986), by Sheila Rule, The New York Times

„We fought a lonely battle against terrorism sponsored by Sudan, and we have defeated it; we cannot be intimidated by any force. For us our guide is the Constitution of Uganda and the laws there under.“

—  Yoweri Museveni
Assuring Ugandans that nobody can disrupt their peace (26 November 2007), https://web.archive.org/web/200711261111/http://www.statehouse.go.ug/news.detail.php?category=News&newsId=673

„Even when we were still fighting in the bush against the oppressive dictatorships of Idi Amin and Milton Obote, we introduced elections for the committees of the villages under our control.“

—  Yoweri Museveni
2000s, As quoted in "President Museveni Highlights Ugandan Achievements for Americans: Ugandan leader proud of political opening, economic growth in his country" https://web.archive.org/web/20050927025054/http://news.findlaw.com/wash/s/20050923/200509231521551.html (23 September 2005), by Jim Fisher-Thompson, Washington File, FindLaw

„If we could export more finished products instead of raw materials, we could become a middle-income country.“

—  Yoweri Museveni
2000s, Stressing the need for more economic growth during the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting (25 November 2007), as quoted in "Museveni enjoys summit limelight" http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/7111812.stm (25 November 2007), by Peter Biles, BBC News, United Kingdom: British Broadcasting Corporation

„I shall not be deterred by people who don't see where the future of Africa lies. It is the short-sighted people who put their opinions in writing. They don't understand that the future of all countries lies in processing.“

—  Yoweri Museveni
2000s, Defending the allocation of forest land to a sugar company (13 April 2007), as quoted in "Uganda leader defends forest plan" http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/6551905.stm (13 April 2007), BBC News, United Kingdom: British Broadcasting Corporation

„I've never heard an agency say: "Unless you industrialize I will not support you."“

—  Yoweri Museveni
2000s, As quoted in "President Museveni Highlights Ugandan Achievements for Americans: Ugandan leader proud of political opening, economic growth in his country" https://web.archive.org/web/20050927025054/http://news.findlaw.com/wash/s/20050923/200509231521551.html (23 September 2005), by Jim Fisher-Thompson, Washington File, FindLaw

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„In 1972, Idi Amin expelled 80,000 [Ugandan] Indians and confiscated their 4,000 properties. Now, after returning those properties to their rightful owners, we have ensured that security of persons and property are guaranteed under the constitution.“

—  Yoweri Museveni
2000s, As quoted in "President Museveni Highlights Ugandan Achievements for Americans: Ugandan leader proud of political opening, economic growth in his country" https://web.archive.org/web/20050927025054/http://news.findlaw.com/wash/s/20050923/200509231521551.html (23 September 2005), by Jim Fisher-Thompson, Washington File, FindLaw

„When we sell a kilo of bean coffee in Uganda, we get one dollar per kilo. The same kilo, when it is processed [and sold in the UK], goes for $10, $11 or even more a kilo. That is the same situation [price disparity] that goes for all raw materials.“

—  Yoweri Museveni
2000s, As quoted in "President Museveni Highlights Ugandan Achievements for Americans: Ugandan leader proud of political opening, economic growth in his country" https://web.archive.org/web/20050927025054/http://news.findlaw.com/wash/s/20050923/200509231521551.html (23 September 2005), by Jim Fisher-Thompson, Washington File, FindLaw

„The island is in Kenya, the water is in Uganda… But the [Luos, a Kenyan ethnic group] are mad, they want to fish here but this is Uganda.“

—  Yoweri Museveni
2000s, On Migingo Island's ownership, as quoted in "Kenyan MPs' fury over island row" http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/8048771.stm (13 May 2009), BBC News, United Kingdom: British Broadcasting Corporation

„Some people think that being in government for a long time is a bad thing. But the more you stay, the more you learn. I am now an expert in governance.“

—  Yoweri Museveni
2010s, As quoted in "Pressure builds for change" https://web.archive.org/web/201204251111/http://www.global-briefing.org/2012/04/pressure-builds-for-change/ (April 2012), by Benon Herbert Oluka, Global: The International Briefing

„If General Omar el Bashir's government gives me permission to pursue Kony beyond the red line, it will only take me 30 minutes to finish him and his fighters.“

—  Yoweri Museveni
2000s, As quoted in "Uganda's 19-year-old rebellion nears end: military" https://web.archive.org/web/20150923022403/http://en.people.cn/200509/09/eng20050909_207440.html (23 September 2005), People's Daily, China: People's Daily Online