Frases de William Rehnquist

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William Rehnquist

Data de nascimento: 1. Outubro 1924
Data de falecimento: 3. Setembro 2005

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William Hubbs Rehnquist foi Juiz Associado da Suprema Corte dos Estados Unidos de 7 de Janeiro de 1972 a 26 de Setembro de 1986 e 16º Chefe de Justiça dos Estados Unidos, presidente da Suprema Corte, de 26 de Setembro de 1986 a 3 de Setembro de 2005.

William Hubbs Renhquist nasceu em 1 de Outubro de 1924 em Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Casou-se com Natalie Cornell e teve três filhos: James, Janet e Nancy.

De 1943 a 1946 prestou serviços a Força Aérea dos Estados Unidos. Na Universidade de Stanford obteve a graduação, o mestrado e o doutorado em direito e tem também um mestrado na Universidade de Harvard.

Foi secretário de Robert H. Jackson quando este foi presidente da Suprema Corte de 1951 a 1952 provisoriamente;exerceu a advocacia em Phoenix, Arizona, de 1953 a 1969; Subprocurador Geral, na Direção de Assessoria Jurídica de 1969 a 1971.

O Presidente Richard Nixon o nomeou Juiz Associado da Suprema Corte, cargo que assumiu em 7 de Janeiro de 1972; o Presidente Ronald Reagan o nomeou Chefe de Justiça dos Estados Unidos, juiz que preside a Suprema Corte, cargo assumido em 26 de Setembro de 1986 e que manteve até 3 de Setembro de 2005, quando morreu.

Seu grande legado como membro da Suprema Corte é a defesa do federalismo contra a centralização do governo federal e a primeira limitação séria do poder do congresso de legislar sobre comércio tal como definido pela Constituição dos Estados Unidos.

Citações William Rehnquist

„An oft-heard description of the Supreme Court is that it is the ultimate protector in our society of the liberties of the individual. This phrase describes an important role of the Supreme Court, but by ignoring other equally important functions of the Court, it has a potential for mischief.“

—  William H. Rehnquist
Context: An oft-heard description of the Supreme Court is that it is the ultimate protector in our society of the liberties of the individual. This phrase describes an important role of the Supreme Court, but by ignoring other equally important functions of the Court, it has a potential for mischief. It is a fairly short leap from this language to a feeling that the US Constitution is somehow "vindicated" every time a claim of individual right against government is upheld, and is not vindicated whenever such a claim is not upheld. But this, of course, cannot be the case. The role of the Supreme Court is to uphold those claims of individual liberty that it finds are well-founded in the Constitution, and to reject other claims against the government that it concludes are not well-founded. Its role is no more to exclusively uphold the claims of the individual than it is to exclusively uphold the claims of the government: It must hold the constitutional balance true between these claims. The Supreme Court: How it Was, How it Is (1987).

„This result […] will daily stand as a veritable sword of Damocles over every succeeding president and his advisers.“

—  William H. Rehnquist
Context: This result [… ] will daily stand as a veritable sword of Damocles over every succeeding president and his advisers. Nixon v. Administrator of General Services, 433 U.S. 425 (1977) (dissent); the court ruled 7–2 that Congress could seize Richard Nixon’s presidential papers.

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„The role of the Supreme Court is to uphold those claims of individual liberty that it finds are well-founded in the Constitution, and to reject other claims against the government that it concludes are not well-founded. Its role is no more to exclusively uphold the claims of the individual than it is to exclusively uphold the claims of the government: It must hold the constitutional balance true between these claims.“

—  William H. Rehnquist
Context: An oft-heard description of the Supreme Court is that it is the ultimate protector in our society of the liberties of the individual. This phrase describes an important role of the Supreme Court, but by ignoring other equally important functions of the Court, it has a potential for mischief. It is a fairly short leap from this language to a feeling that the US Constitution is somehow "vindicated" every time a claim of individual right against government is upheld, and is not vindicated whenever such a claim is not upheld. But this, of course, cannot be the case. The role of the Supreme Court is to uphold those claims of individual liberty that it finds are well-founded in the Constitution, and to reject other claims against the government that it concludes are not well-founded. Its role is no more to exclusively uphold the claims of the individual than it is to exclusively uphold the claims of the government: It must hold the constitutional balance true between these claims. The Supreme Court: How it Was, How it Is (1987).

„It is about time the Court faced the fact that the white people in the South don't like the colored people;“

—  William H. Rehnquist
Context: It is about time the Court faced the fact that the white people in the South don't like the colored people; the Constitution restrains them from effecting this dislike through state action, but it most assuredly did not appoint the Court as a sociological watchdog to rear up every time private discrimination raises its admittedly ugly head. To the extent that this decision advances the frontier of state action and 'social gain,' it pushes back the frontier of freedom of association and majority rule. Memo written to , as cited in "The Partisan" http://www.nytimes.com/1985/03/03/magazine/the-partisan.html, in the New York Times, March 3, 1985

„The Constitution requires that Congress treat similarly situated persons similarly, not that it engage in gestures of superficial equality.“

—  William H. Rehnquist
Rostker v. Goldberg, 453 U.S. 57 at 80 (1981) (majority opinion); this ruling upheld a military draft for males only.

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„Pregnancy is of course confined to women, but it is in other ways significantly different from the typical covered disease or disability.“

—  William H. Rehnquist
General Electric Co. v. Gilbert, 429 U.S. 125 (1976) (majority opinion); the ruling allowed GE's employee disability insurance plan to exclude conditions arising from pregnancy.

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