Frases de Walter Kaufmann

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Walter Kaufmann

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Citações Walter Kaufmann


„A má compreensão é a razão principal do fato de que a influência de um filósofo ser geralmente má quando é grande.“

„A má compreensão é a razão principal do facto de que a influência de um filósofo ser geralmente má quando é grande.“


„A música é uma rejeição triunfante do mundo em que nascemos, um «não» à natureza, um corajoso desafio a Deus e aos deuses e a toda a espécie de poderes não-humanos dos quais se pensa que moldaram o cosmo; é um mundo rival feito pelo homem.“

„Chegar à morte sem ter pensado sobre o destino humano é morrer como um cão.“

„A arte não é um espelho que mostra a realidade 'como ela é'. A arte mostra-nos um mundo reflectido por uma mente incomum que impõe um estilo no que retrata.“

„O grande filósofo é um poeta dotado de consciência intelectual.“

„Man stands alone in the universe, responsible for his condition, likely to remain in a lowly state, but free to reach above the stars.“ Existentialism from Dostoevsky to Sartre

„Let people who do not know what to do with themselves in this life, but fritter away their time reading magazines and watching television, hope for eternal life..... The life I want is a life I could not endure in eternity. It is a life of love and intensity, suffering and creation, that makes life worth while and death welcome. There is no other life I should prefer. Neither should I like not to die.“


„Success is no proof of virtue. In the case of a book, quick acclaim is presumptive evidence of a lack of substance and originality.“

„No other German writer of comparable stature has been a more extreme critic of German nationalism than Nietzsche.“ On the Genealogy of Morals/Ecce Homo

„Mundus vult decipi: the world wants to be deceived. The truth is too complex and frightening; the taste for the truth is an acquired taste that few acquire….
…. The world winks at dishonesty. the world does not call it dishonesty“

„Whatoverlooked was the hair-raising possibility that God might out-Luther Luther. A special area in hell might be reserved for those who go to mass. Or God might punish those whose faith is prompted by prudence. Perhaps God prefers the abstinent to those who whore around with some denomination he despises. Perhaps he reserves special rewards for those who deny themselves the comfort of belief. Perhaps the intellectual ascetic will win all while those who compromised their intellectual integrity lose everything.

There are many other possibilities. There might be many gods, including one who favors people like; but the other gods might overpower or outvote him, à la. might well have applied to Pascal his cutting remark about: when he wagered on God, the great mathematician 'became an idiot.“
Critique of Religion and Philosophy


„Reason may not always tell us what to believe, but it can help us on what we shouldn't believe.“

„Man’s world is manifold, and his attitudes are manifold. What is manifold is often frightening because it is not neat and simple. Men prefer to forget how many possibilities are open to them.
They like to be told that there are two worlds and two ways. This is comforting because it is so tidy. Almost always one way turns out to be common and the other is celebrated as superior.
Those who tell of two ways and praise one are recognised as prophets or great teachers. They save men from confusion and hard choices. They offer a single choice that is easy to make because those who do not take the path that is commended to them live a wretched life.
To walk on this path may be difficult, but the choice is easy, and to hear the celebration of the path is pleasant. Wisdom offers simple schemes, but truth is not so simple.“

„One need not believe in Pallas Athena, the virgin goddess, to be overwhelmed by the Parthenon. Similarly, a man who rejects all dogmas, all theologies and all religious formulations of beliefs may still find Genesis the sublime book par excellence. Experiences and aspirations of which intimations may be found in Plato, Nietzsche, and Spinoza have found their most evocative expression in some sacred books. Since the Renaissance, Shakespeare, Rembrandt, Mozart, and a host of others have shown that this religious dimension can be experienced and communicated apart from any religious context. But that is no reason for closing my heart to Job's cry, or to Jeremiah's, or to the Second Isaiah. I do not read them as mere literature; rather, I read Sophocles and Shakespeare with all my being, too.“

„To an even moderately sophisticated and well-read person it should come as no surprise that any religion at all has its hidden as well as its obvious beauties and is capable of profound and impressive interpretations. What is deeply objectionable about most of these interpretations is that they allow the believer to saywhile evading any.“