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Philip Zimbardo

Data de nascimento: 23. Março 1933

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Philip Zimbardo é professor da Universidade de Stanford desde 1968. Em 2003 recebeu o Prêmio IgNobel de psicologia pela sua tese em que descrevia os políticos como Uniquely Simple Personalities. Em 2005 Recebeu o Havel Foundation Prize pela sua vida de pesquisas sobre a condição humana.

Está atualmente trabalhando na cronologia da Experimento do aprisionamento de Standford e sua relação com os abusos na prisão de Abu Ghraib e outras formas de vilanias. Lançou, em 2007 o livro O Efeito Lúcifer: Entendendo como pessoas boas se tornam diabólicas . O Dr. Zimbardo foi presidente da Western Psychological Association em duas ocasiões, Presidente da American Psychological Association, e escolhido Chair do Council of Scientific Society Presidents .

Philip Zimbardo, quase perdeu o controle do seu experimento. Por pouco os guardas não o prenderam na solitária.

Mas um dia e seu experimento voltaria contra o criador.

Citações Philip Zimbardo

„We're going to take away their individuality in various ways. In general what all this leads to is a sense of powerlessness. That is, in this situation we'll have all the power and they'll have none.“

— Philip G. Zimbardo
Context: You can create in the prisoners feelings of boredom, a sense of fear to some degree, you can create a notion of arbitrariness that their life is totally controlled by us, by the system, you, me, and they'll have no privacy... We're going to take away their individuality in various ways. In general what all this leads to is a sense of powerlessness. That is, in this situation we'll have all the power and they'll have none. Zimbardo to those selected to be "prison guards"

„Research has shown that the bystander effect is often motivated by diffusion of responsibility, when different people witnessing an emergency all assume someone else will help.“

— Philip G. Zimbardo
Context: The idea of the banality of heroism debunks the myth of the “heroic elect,” a myth that reinforces two basic human tendencies. The first is to ascribe very rare personal characteristics to people who do something special — to see them as superhuman, practically beyond comparison to the rest of us. The second is the trap of inaction — sometimes known as the "bystander effect." Research has shown that the bystander effect is often motivated by diffusion of responsibility, when different people witnessing an emergency all assume someone else will help. Like the “good guards,” we fall into the trap of inaction when we assume it’s someone else’s responsibility to act the hero. "The Banality of Heroism" in The Greater Good (Fall/Winter 2006/2007), co-written with Zeno Franco

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„I summarize more than 30 years of research on factors that can create a "perfect storm" which leads good people to engage in evil actions.“

— Philip G. Zimbardo
Context: I summarize more than 30 years of research on factors that can create a "perfect storm" which leads good people to engage in evil actions. This transformation of human character is what I call the "Lucifer Effect," named after God's favorite angel, Lucifer, who fell from grace and ultimately became Satan. Rather than providing a religious analysis, however, I offer a psychological account of how ordinary people sometimes turn evil and commit unspeakable acts. In his introduction to his site on The Lucifer Effect (2007) http://www.lucifereffect.com/

„Whether we consider Nazi Germany or Abu Ghraib prison, there were many people who observed what was happening and said nothing.“

— Philip G. Zimbardo
Context: Whether we consider Nazi Germany or Abu Ghraib prison, there were many people who observed what was happening and said nothing. At Abu Ghraib, one photo shows two soldiers smiling before a pyramid of naked prisoners while a dozen other soldiers stand around watching passively. If you observe such abuses and don’t say, “This is wrong! Stop it!” you give tacit approval to continue. You are part of the silent majority that makes evil deeds more acceptable. "The Banality of Heroism" in The Greater Good (Fall/Winter 2006/2007) http://greatergood.berkeley.edu/article/item/the_banality_of_heroism/, co-written with Zeno Franco

„Sticks and stones can break your bones, but names can kill you.“

— Philip G. Zimbardo, The Lucifer Effect: Understanding How Good People Turn Evil

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