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Paul Robeson

Data de nascimento: 9. Abril 1898
Data de falecimento: 23. Janeiro 1976

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Paul LeRoy Bustill Robeson foi um renomado ator, atleta, cantor, escritor e ativista americano dos direitos políticos e civis.

Robeson foi o primeiro ator negro a interpretar o Otelo, de Shakespeare, na Broadway. Ator conceituado, em sua época, tanto no teatro, quanto no cinema, Robeson foi responsável por abrir as portas para outros atores negros, tais como Sidney Poitier e Harry Belafonte.

No auge de sua fama, Robeson decidiu tornar-se um ativista político contra o fascismo e o racismo. Adepto dos ideais socialistas, foi perseguido pelo Macartismo, investigado pelo FBI e o MI5.

O arquivo de Paul Robeson no FBI é, até hoje, um dos mais extensos já produzidos para um membro do meio artístico.

Em 1952 recebeu o Prêmio Lênin da Paz .

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Citações Paul Robeson

„But beyond the personal tragedy, the terrible agony of Othello, the irretrievability of his world, the complete destruction of all his trusted and sacred values — all these suggest the shattering of a universe.“

— Paul Robeson
Context: It was deeply fascinating to watch how strikingly contemporary American audiences from coast to coast found Shakespeare's Othello — painfully immediate in its unfolding of evil, innocence, passion, dignity and nobility, and contemporary in its overtones of a clash of cultures, of the partial acceptance of and consequent effect upon one of a minority group. Against this background, the jealousy of the protagonist becomes more credible, the blows to his pride more understandable, the final collapse of his personal, individual world more inevitable. But beyond the personal tragedy, the terrible agony of Othello, the irretrievability of his world, the complete destruction of all his trusted and sacred values — all these suggest the shattering of a universe. "Some Reflections on Othello and the Nature of Our Time." in The American Scholar (Autumn 1945); also quoted in Paul Robeson : The Whole World in His Hands (1981) by Susan Robeson, p. 150

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„I am the son of an emancipated slave and the stories of old father are vivid on the tablets of my memory.“

— Paul Robeson
Context: One does not need a very long racial memory to loose on oneself in such a part … As I act, civilization falls away from me. My plight becomes real, the horrors terrible facts. I feel the terror of the slave mart, the degradation of man bought and sold into slavery. Well, I am the son of an emancipated slave and the stories of old father are vivid on the tablets of my memory. Regarding the his work with the playwright Eugene O'Neill, as quoted in Paul Robeson: Artist and Citizen (1989) by Charles Musser, "The Troubled relations: Robeson, O'Neil and Micheaux", p. 94

„Films make me into some cheap turn... You bet they'll never let me play a part in a film where a Negro is on top.“

— Paul Robeson
As quoted in Paul Robeson : The Whole World in His Hands (1981) by Susan Robeson, p. 92

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