Frases de John Muir

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John Muir

Data de nascimento: 21. Abril 1838
Data de falecimento: 24. Dezembro 1914

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John Muir , foi um preservacionista, proprietário rural, explorador e escritor escocês-americano, que teve papel fundamental na criação das primeiras áreas protegidas americanas e que é considerado um dos fundadores do movimento conservacionista moderno.

Para ele o homem era parte da própria natureza, e como tal não pode ser dotado de direitos maiores que os animais . Além disso, profundamente influenciado pelo movimento romântico, via a natureza como algo intrinsecamente belo e carregado de valor espiritual e religioso, e que deveria ser protegido de maneira radical da influência negativa aportada pelo homem.

Visitou todos os continentes da Terra, com exceção daquele que não possui árvores - a Antártica, sobre os quais escrevia procurando influenciar seus contemporâneos; Dentre os epítetos que recebeu estão: "Pai dos Parques Nacionais dos EUA", "Profeta da Vida Selvagem" e "Cidadão do Universo". Também foi fundador da ONG Sierra Club, uma das primeiras associações do mundo a ter como objetivo a proteção da natureza.

Os escritos de Muir influenciaram Theodore Roosevelt na criação do Parque Nacional de Yosemite, e muitas barragens deixaram de ser erguidas ou foram interrompidas em territórios dos parques nacionais graças a suas ideias. Suas ideias também tiveram grande influência sobre o conservacionismo e a ética ambiental, que ganharam força a partir da segunda metade do século XX.

Sobre seu importante papel histórico, o cineasta documentarista Ken Burns diria que "Por tudo que sabemos dele... [John Muir] ascendeu ao panteão dos maiores indivíduos de nosso país; estou me referindo ao nível de Abraham Lincoln, Martin Luther King Jr., Thomas Jefferson, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Jackie Robinson - pessoas que tiveram um efeito transformador sobre quem somos."

Citações John Muir

„Everybody needs beauty as well as bread, places to play in and pray in, where Nature may heal and cheer and give strength to body and soul alike.“

—  John Muir
The Yosemite http://www.sierraclub.org/john_muir_exhibit/writings/the_yosemite/ (1912), chapter 15: Hetch Hetchy Valley <!-- Terry Gifford, EWDB, page 714 -->

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„God has cared for these trees, saved them from drought, disease, avalanches, and a thousand tempests and floods. Even so, God cannot save them from fools.“

—  John Muir
Context: Any fool can destroy trees. They cannot run away; and if they could, they would still be destroyed — chased and hunted down as long as fun or a dollar could be got out of their bark hides, branching horns, or magnificent bole backbones. Few that fell trees plant them; nor would planting avail much towards getting back anything like the noble primeval forests. … It took more than three thousand years to make some of the trees in these Western woods — trees that are still standing in perfect strength and beauty, waving and singing in the mighty forests of the Sierra. Through all the wonderful, eventful centuries … God has cared for these trees, saved them from drought, disease, avalanches, and a thousand straining, leveling tempests and floods; but he cannot save them from fools — only Uncle Sam can do that. chapter 10: The American Forests <!-- Terry Gifford, EWDB, pages 604-605 -->

„In every walk with nature one receives far more than he seeks.“

—  John Muir
"Mormon Lilies", San Francisco Daily Evening Bulletin (part 4 of the 4 part series "Notes from Utah") dated July 1877, published 19 July 1877; reprinted in Steep Trails (1918), chapter 9 <!-- Terry Gifford, EWDB, page 918 -->

„And into the forest I go, to lose my mind and find my soul.“

—  John Muir
Once again, this is far from Muir's style of writing. The quote does not come up in any search of John Muir's Journals or his published texts on the John Muir Exhibit website. It is most commonly put on t-shirts - never in any scholarly source.

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„I never saw a discontented tree. They grip the ground as though they liked it, and though fast rooted they travel about as far as we do. They go wandering forth in all directions with every wind, going and coming like ourselves, traveling with us around the sun two million miles a day, and through space heaven knows how fast and far!“

—  John Muir
Context: It has been said that trees are imperfect men, and seem to bemoan their imprisonment rooted in the ground. But they never seem so to me. I never saw a discontented tree. They grip the ground as though they liked it, and though fast rooted they travel about as far as we do. They go wandering forth in all directions with every wind, going and coming like ourselves, traveling with us around the sun two million miles a day, and through space heaven knows how fast and far! July 1890, page 313 (From Ralph Waldo Emerson, Essays, Second Series (1844) "Essay VI: Nature": "the trees are imperfect men, and seem to bemoan their imprisonment, rooted in the ground.")

„Going to the mountains is going home.“

—  John Muir
"In the Sierra Forests", San Francisco Daily Evening Bulletin (part 3 of the 11 part series "Summering in the Sierra") dated July 1875, published 3 August 1875; reprinted in John Muir: Summering in the Sierra, edited by Robert Engberg (University of Wisconsin Press, 1984) page 79

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„Between every two pine trees there is a door leading to a new way of life.“

—  John Muir
Muir's marginal note in volume I of Prose Works by Ralph Waldo Emerson (This volume is located at the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library of Yale University. See Albert Saijo, "Me, Muir, and Sierra Nevada", in Reinhabiting a Separate Country: A Bioregional Anthology of Northern California, edited by Peter Berg, San Francisco, California: Planet Drum Foundation, 1978, pages 52-59, at page 55, and Frederick W. Turner, Rediscovering America: John Muir in His Time and Ours (1985), page 193.)

„The world's big and I want to have a good look at it before it gets dark.“

—  John Muir
attributed to Muir by Linnie Marsh Wolfe, Son of the Wilderness: The Life of John Muir (1945), page 331

„When one tugs at a single thing in nature, he finds it attached to the rest of the world.“

—  John Muir
Variant: Tug on anything at all and you'll find it connected to everything else in the universe. These are paraphrases of Muir's quote from My First Summer in the Sierra (1911) - the actual quote is listed above: "When we try to pick out anything by itself, we find it hitched to everything else in the Universe." See Sierra Club explanation http://www.sierraclub.org/john_muir_exhibit/writings/misquotes.aspx.

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„The mountains are calling and I must go.“

—  John Muir
letter to sister Sarah Muir Galloway (3 September 1873); published in William Federic Badè, The Life and Letters of John Muir http://www.sierraclub.org/john_muir_exhibit/life/life_and_letters/default.aspx (1924), chapter 10: Yosemite and Beyond <!-- Terry Gifford, LLO, page 190 -->

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