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Ferdinand Foch

Data de nascimento: 2. Outubro 1851
Data de falecimento: 20. Março 1929

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Ferdinand Foch PCTE foi um militar francês.

Comandou as forças da Tríplice Entente ou dos Aliados em 1914 de uma forma decisiva, levando à vitória do Marne. Dirigiu com êxito operações na Flandres; como adjunto de Joseph Joffre, coordenou as operações dos exércitos franceses, belgas e britânicos. Em 1917 assumiu o cargo de chefe de Estado-Maior do Exército Francês e em 1918 somou mais uma vitória ao conseguir ganhar a Segunda Batalha do Marne.

A 30 de Novembro de 1918 foi agraciado com a 1.ª Classe da Ordem Militar da Torre e Espada, do Valor, Lealdade e Mérito de Portugal.

Um grande admirador de sua pessoa foi, Winston Churchill se referia a ele com grande respeito, levando em consideração sua perspicácia em relação ao Tratado de Versalhes, dizendo que a paz duraria somente 20 anos. Sua afirmação foi certa, pois, 2 meses depois do tratado completar 20 anos, Adolf Hitler inicia a Invasão da Polônia, dando início a Segunda Guerra Mundial.

Citações Ferdinand Foch

„The most powerful weapon on earth is the human soul on fire.“

— Ferdinand Foch
As quoted in The 32d Infantry Division in World War II (1956) by Harold Whittle Blakeley, p. 3

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„In a time such as ours when people believe they can do without an ideal, cast away what they call abstract ideas, live on realism, rationalism, positivism, reduce everything to knowledge or to the use of more or less ingenious and casual devices — let us acknowledge it here — in such a time there is only one means of avoiding error, crime, disaster, of determining the conduct to be followed on a given occasion — but a safe means it is, and a fruitful one; this is the exclusive devotion to two abstract notions in the field of ethics: duty and discipline; such a devotion, if it is to lead to happy results, further implies besides… knowledge and reasoning.“

— Ferdinand Foch
p. 150 Variant translation: In our time, which thinks it can do without ideals, that it can reject what it calls abstractions, and nourish itself on realism, rationalism and positivism; which thinks it can reduce all questions to matters of science or to the employing of more or less ingenious expedients; at such a time, I say, there is but one resource if you are to avoid disaster, and only one which will make you certain of what course to hold upon a given day. It is the worship — to the exclusion of all others — of two Ideas in the field of morals: duty and discipline. And that worship further needs, if it is to bear fruit and produce results, knowledge and reason. As quoted in "A Sketch of the Military Career of Marshal Foch" by Major A. Grasset <!-- p. 10 -->

„My centre is giving way, my right is retreating, situation excellent, I am attacking.“

— Ferdinand Foch
Message to Marshal Joseph Joffre during the First Battle of the Marne (8 September 1914), as quoted in Foch : Le Vainqueur de la Guerre (1919) by Raymond Recouly, Ch. 6

„Airplanes are interesting toys, but of no military value.“

— Ferdinand Foch
Said in 1911 as quoted Time : A Traveler's Guide (1998) by Clifford A. Pickover, p. 249

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„A radish will never stand in the way of victory.“

— Ferdinand Foch
As quoted in M*A*S*H, Season 3, Episode 1, "The General Flipped At Dawn"; this seems to be a jocular fabrication.

„What you did was the greatest thing accomplished by any private soldier of all of the armies of Europe.“

— Ferdinand Foch
To Alvin C. York, on his extraordinary capture of over a hundred enemy troops behind enemy lines, as quoted in the Preface of Sergeant York And His People (1922) http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/19117 by Sam K. Cowan

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„This is not a peace. It is an armistice for 20 years.“

— Ferdinand Foch
Said after the Treaty of Versailles, as quoted in Memoires (1963) by Paul Reynaud, vol. 2, p. 457

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