Frases de Cristóvão Colombo

Cristóvão Colombo photo
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Cristóvão Colombo

Data de nascimento: 9. Novembro 1451
Data de falecimento: 20. Maio 1506

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Cristóvão de Colombo foi um navegador e explorador italiano, responsável por liderar a frota que alcançou o continente americano em 12 de Outubro de 1492, sob as ordens dos Reis Católicos de Espanha, no chamado descobrimento da América. Empreendeu a sua viagem através do Oceano Atlântico com o objectivo de atingir a Índia, tendo na realidade descoberto as ilhas das Caraíbas e, mais tarde, a costa do Golfo do México na América Central.

Seu nome em italiano é Cristoforo Colombo, em latim Christophorus Columbus e em espanhol, Cristóbal Colón. Este antropónimo inspirou o nome de, pelo menos, um país, Colômbia e duas regiões da América do Norte: a Colúmbia Britânica no Canadá e o Distrito de Colúmbia nos Estados Unidos. Entretanto o Papa Alexandre VI escrevendo em latim sempre chamou ao navegador pelo nome de Christophorum Colon com significado de Membro e nunca pelo latim Columbus com significado de Pombo.

Colombo é creditado como o primeiro explorador europeu a estabelecer e documentar rotas comerciais para as Américas, apesar dele ter sido precedido por uma expedição viquingue liderada por Leif Erikson no século XI.

As viagens de Cristóvão Colombo abriram caminho para um período de contato, expansão, exploração, conquista e colonização do continente americano pelos Europeus pelos próximos séculos. Essas viagens e expedições trouxeram várias mudanças e desenvolvimentos na história moderna do Mundo Ocidental. Entre várias outras coisas, impulsionou, por exemplo, o comércio atlântico de escravos. Colombo também é acusado por diversos historiadores de iniciar e incitar o genocídio e repressão cultural dos povos nativos na América. O próprio Colombo viu suas conquistas sob a luz de expandir a religião cristã. Ele foi acusado, até por contemporâneos, de comportamento tirânico, corrupção e vários crimes contra os nativos indígenas, como estupros e tortura. Essas reavaliações de seus feitos fez com que a visão dos acadêmicos e historiadores sobre Colombo ficasse um tanto quanto negativa com o passar do tempo.

Citações Cristóvão Colombo

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„As I saw that they were very friendly to us, and perceived that they could be much more easily converted to our holy faith by gentle means than by force, I presented them with some red caps, and strings of beads to wear upon the neck, and many other trifles of small value, wherewith they were much delighted, and became wonderfully attached to us. Afterwards they came swimming to the boats, bringing parrots, balls of cotton thread, javelins, and many other things which they exchanged for articles we gave them, such as glass beads, and hawk's bells; which trade was carried on with the utmost good will. But they seemed on the whole to me, to be a very poor people. They all go completely naked, even the women, though I saw but one girl. All whom I saw were young, not above thirty years of age, well made, with fine shapes and faces; their hair short, and coarse like that of a horse's tail, combed toward the forehead, except a small portion which they suffer to hang down behind, and never cut. Some paint themselves with black, which makes them appear like those of the Canaries, neither black nor white; others with white, others with red, and others with such colors as they can find. Some paint the face, and some the whole body; others only the eyes, and others the nose. Weapons they have none, nor are acquainted with them, for I showed them swords which they grasped by the blades, and cut themselves through ignorance. They have no iron, their javelins being without it, and nothing more than sticks, though some have fish-bones or other things at the ends. They are all of a good size and stature, and handsomely formed. I saw some with scars of wounds upon their bodies, and demanded by signs the of them; they answered me in the same way, that there came people from the other islands in the neighborhood who endeavored to make prisoners of them, and they defended themselves. I thought then, and still believe, that these were from the continent. It appears to me, that the people are ingenious, and would be good servants and I am of opinion that they would very readily become Christians, as they appear to have no religion. They very quickly learn such words as are spoken to them. If it please our Lord, I intend at my return to carry home six of them to your Highnesses, that they may learn our language. I saw no beasts in the island, nor any sort of animals except parrots.“

—  Cristoforo Colombo
12 October 1492; This entire passage is directly quoted from Columbus in the summary by Bartolomé de Las Casas

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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