Frases de Aristofanés
Data de nascimento: 446 a.C.
Data de falecimento: 385 a.C.
Aristófanes foi um dramaturgo grego. É considerado o maior representante da comédia antiga.
Nasceu em Atenas e, embora sua vida seja pouco conhecida, sua obra permite deduzir que teve uma formação requintada. Aristófanes viveu toda a sua juventude sob o esplendor do Século de Péricles. Aristófanes foi testemunha também do início do fim de Atenas. Ele viu o início da Guerra do Peloponeso, que arruinou a hélade. Ele, da mesma forma, viu de perto o papel nocivo dos demagogos na destruição econômica, militar e cultural de sua cidade-estado. À sua volta, à volta da acrópole de Atenas, florescia a sofística -a arte da persuasão-, que subvertia os conceitos religiosos, políticos, sociais e culturais da sua civilização. Conta-se que teve dois filhos, que também seguiram a carreira do pai.
„Youth ages, immaturity is outgrown, ignorance can be educated, drunkenness sobered, but stupid lasts forever.“
Fictional attribution in the movie The Emperor's Club (2002), given by Kevin Kline (as William Hundert); no published occurrences of this statement prior to the movie have been located in any of the Aristophanes Plays or Fragments.
Context: Epops: The wise can often profit by the lessons of a foe, for caution is the mother of safety. It is just such a thing as one will not learn from a friend and which an enemy compels you to know. To begin with, it's the foe and not the friend that taught cities to build high walls, to equip long vessels of war; and it's this knowledge that protects our children, our slaves and our wealth. Leader of the Chorus [leader]: Well then, I agree, let us first hear them, for that is best; one can even learn something in an enemy's school. (tr. O'Neill 1938, Perseus http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text.jsp?doc=Aristoph.+Birds+375)
Context: Demosthenes: Do you dare to accuse wine of clouding the reason? Quote me more marvellous effects than those of wine. Look! when a man drinks, he is rich, everything he touches succeeds, he gains lawsuits, is happy and helps his friends. Come, bring hither quick a flagon of wine, that I may soak my brain and get an ingenious idea. (tr. O'Neill 1938, Perseus http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text.jsp?doc=Aristoph.+Kn.+90) Knights, line 90-96 (our emphasis on 95-96)
Context: Chorus [speaking for Aristophanes]: Yet I have not been seen frequenting the wrestling school intoxicated with success and trying to seduce young boys; but I took all my theatrical gear and returned straight home. I pained folk but little and caused them much amusement; my conscience rebuked me for nothing. Hence both grown men and youths should be on my side and I likewise invite the bald to give me their votes; for, if I triumph, everyone will say, both at table and at festivals, “Carry this to the bald man, give these cakes to the bald one, do not grudge the poet whose talent shines as bright as his own bare skull the share he deserves.” (tr. O'Neill 1938, Perseus http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text.jsp?doc=Aristoph.+Peace+762) Peace, line 762-773 (our emphasis on 764) Aristophanes was bald.
Context: !--oft-quoted variant--> Epops: A man may learn wisdom even from a foe. (tr. in Goldstein-Jackson 1983, p. 163 http://books.google.com/books?q=isbn%3A9780389203933+%22A+man+may+learn+wisdom+even+from+a+foe%22+Aristophanes) Birds, line 375-382 (our emphasis on 375 and 378-379 and 382) Compare the later: "We can learn even from our enemies", Ovid, Metamorphoses, IV, 428.
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