Frases de Aristofanés

Aristofanés photo
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Aristofanés

Data de nascimento: 448 a.C.
Data de falecimento: 386 a.C.

Aristófanes foi um dramaturgo grego. É considerado o maior representante da comédia antiga.

Nasceu em Atenas e, embora sua vida seja pouco conhecida, sua obra permite deduzir que teve uma formação requintada. Aristófanes viveu toda a sua juventude sob o esplendor do Século de Péricles. Aristófanes foi testemunha também do início do fim de Atenas. Ele viu o início da Guerra do Peloponeso, que arruinou a Hélade. Ele, da mesma forma, viu de perto o papel nocivo dos demagogos na destruição econômica, militar e cultural de sua cidade-estado. À sua volta, à volta da acrópole de Atenas, florescia a sofística – a arte da persuasão –, que subvertia os conceitos religiosos, políticos, sociais e culturais da sua civilização. Conta-se que teve dois filhos, que também seguiram a carreira do pai.

Citações Aristofanés

„Quem é sábio, aprende muito com os seus inimigos.“

—  Aristofanés

Aves [ Ὄρνιθες ](414 a.C.), l. 375, citado em "A Greek grammar for the use of learners" - p. 236 http://books.google.com/books?id=hicSAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA236, de Evangelinus Apostolides Sophocles, Editora H. Huntington, Junr., 1838, 284 páginas

„Deixe cada homem praticar a arte que conhece.“

—  Aristofanés

citado em "The wasps of Aristophanes as performed at Cambridge" 26 November-1 December, 1909 - página 110 http://books.google.com/books?id=vptfAAAAMAAJ&q=%22Let+each+man+exercise+the+art+he+knows%22, Aristophanes, Benjamin Bickley Rogers, Printed for the committee at the University press, 1909, 119 páginas
antigo provérbio anônimo, citado por Aristófanes em Vespas, linha 1431; também mais tarde encontrado em Platão (República 4.423d, 4.433ad) e Cícero (Tusc. I.18.41)
Controversas

„A juventude envelhece, a imaturidade é superada, a ignorância pode ser educada e a embriaguez passa, porém, a estupidez é eterna.“

—  Aristofanés

Atribuição reivindicada no filme The Emperor's Club (2002), dada por Kevin Kline (como William Hundert); também atribuída a Diógenes, sem fontes; não publicado ocorrências dessa afirmação antes do filme, considera-se uma atribuição de ficção.
Controversas

„São pelos inimigos, e não pelos amigos, que as cidades aprendem a construir muros altos.“

—  Aristofanés

Aves [ Ὄρνιθες ](414 a.C.), l. 374, citado em "Beautiful thoughts from Greek authors, with Engl. transl. and lives of the authors, by C.T. Ramage" - página 45 http://books.google.com/books?id=AoUCAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA45, Craufurd Tait Ramage, 1864, 80 páginas

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„Youth ages, immaturity is outgrown, ignorance can be educated, drunkenness sobered, but stupid lasts forever.“

—  Aristophanés

Fictional attribution in the movie The Emperor's Club (2002), given by Kevin Kline (as William Hundert); also attributed to Diogenes, without sources; no published occurrences of this statement prior to the movie have been located in any of the Aristophanes Plays or Fragments.
Misattributed
Fonte: IMDb, "Memorable quotes for The Emperor's Club" http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0283530/quotes, Internet Movie Database, www.imdb.com
Fonte: Two pages attributing it to Diogenes: http://www.prohibitionists.org/Background/Party_Platform/quickquotes/QQ-education.htm http://www.ryanbalton.com/funstuff/forb_seniorquotes.htm

„Epops: A man may learn wisdom even from a foe.“

—  Aristophanés, The Birds

tr. in Goldstein-Jackson 1983, p. 163 http://books.google.com/books?q=isbn%3A9780389203933+%22A+man+may+learn+wisdom+even+from+a+foe%22+Aristophanes
Birds, line 375-382 (our emphasis on 375 and 378-379 and 382)
Compare the later: "We can learn even from our enemies", Ovid, Metamorphoses, IV, 428.
Birds (414 BC)

„Come, bring hither quick a flagon of wine, that I may soak my brain and get an ingenious idea.“

—  Aristophanés, The Knights

Knights, line 90-96 (our emphasis on 95-96)
Knights (424 BC)
Contexto: Demosthenes: Do you dare to accuse wine of clouding the reason? Quote me more marvellous effects than those of wine. Look! when a man drinks, he is rich, everything he touches succeeds, he gains lawsuits, is happy and helps his friends. Come, bring hither quick a flagon of wine, that I may soak my brain and get an ingenious idea.
(tr. O'Neill 1938, Perseus http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text.jsp?doc=Aristoph.+Kn.+90)

„I pained folk but little and caused them much amusement; my conscience rebuked me for nothing.“

—  Aristophanés, Peace

Peace, line 762-773 (our emphasis on 764)
Aristophanes was bald.
Peace (421 BC)
Contexto: Chorus [speaking for Aristophanes]: Yet I have not been seen frequenting the wrestling school intoxicated with success and trying to seduce young boys; but I took all my theatrical gear and returned straight home. I pained folk but little and caused them much amusement; my conscience rebuked me for nothing. Hence both grown men and youths should be on my side and I likewise invite the bald to give me their votes; for, if I triumph, everyone will say, both at table and at festivals, “Carry this to the bald man, give these cakes to the bald one, do not grudge the poet whose talent shines as bright as his own bare skull the share he deserves.”
(tr. O'Neill 1938, Perseus http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text.jsp?doc=Aristoph.+Peace+762)

„Times change. The vices of your age are stylish today.“

—  Aristophanés, The Clouds

William Arrowsmith (tr.) after Aristophanes, in Clouds, line 914 (our emphasis, citing 909-914)
This apocryphal line is found quoted only from the Arrowsmith translation.
Misattributed
Contexto: [909] Philosophy: Why, you Precocious Pederast! You Palpable Pervert!
[910] Sophistry: Pelt me with roses!
[910] Philosophy: You Toadstool! O Cesspool!
[911] Sophistry: Wreath my hairs with lilies!
[911] Philosophy: Why, you Parricide!
[912] Sophistry: Shower me with gold! Look, don't you see I welcome your abuse?
[913] Philosophy: Welcome it, monster? In my day we would have cringed with shame.
[914] Sophistry: Whereas now we're flattered. Times change. The vices of your age are stylish today.
(heavily rewritten and embellished tr. Arrowsmith 1962, p. 70 http://books.google.com/books?id=UNlxAAAAIAAJ&q;=%22Times+change.+The+vices+of+your+age+are+stylish+today%22)

„The wise can often profit by the lessons of a foe,“

—  Aristophanés, The Birds

Birds (414 BC)
Contexto: Epops: The wise can often profit by the lessons of a foe, for caution is the mother of safety. It is just such a thing as one will not learn from a friend and which an enemy compels you to know. To begin with, it's the foe and not the friend that taught cities to build high walls, to equip long vessels of war; and it's this knowledge that protects our children, our slaves and our wealth.
Leader of the Chorus [leader]: Well then, I agree, let us first hear them, for that is best; one can even learn something in an enemy's school.
(tr. O'Neill 1938, Perseus http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text.jsp?doc=Aristoph.+Birds+375)

„By words the mind is winged.“

—  Aristophanés, The Birds

Birds (414 BC)
Contexto: Informer: My friend, I am asking you for wings, not for words.
Pisthetaerus: It's just my words that gives you wings.
Informer: And how can you give a man wings with your words?
Pisthetaerus: They all start this way. [... ]
Informer: So that words give wings?
Pisthetaerus: Undoubtedly; words give wings to the mind and make a man soar to heaven. Thus I hope that my wise words will give you wings to fly to some less degrading trade.
(tr. O'Neill 1938, Perseus http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text.jsp?doc=Aristoph.+Birds+1436)

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