Frases de André Gorz

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André Gorz

Data de nascimento: 9. Fevereiro 1923
Data de falecimento: 22. Setembro 2007

André Gorz , foi um filósofo austro-francês, também conhecido pelo pseudônimo Michel Bosquet.

Como jornalista, ajudou a fundar em 1964 o semanário Le Nouvel Observateur. No pós-guerra, apoiou Jean-Paul Sartre, em sua versão existencialista do marxismo, mas rompeu com ele após o Maio de 68 e passou a se interessar por ecologia política, da qual tornou-se um dos principais teóricos. Seu tema central foi o trabalho: liberação do trabalho, justa distribuição de trabalho, trabalho alienado, etc. Ele também defendeu a renda básica de garantia .

É autor de Metamorfoses do Trabalho, obra na qual analisa, entre outras questões, a relação entre o cálculo contábil e a racionalidade econômica.

No dia 22 de setembro de 2007, em sua casa, na aldeia de Vosnon, André Gorz se suicidou aos 84 anos, ao mesmo tempo que sua mulher, Dorine, afetada por uma grave doença. A ela, Gorz havia dedicado o livro Lettre à D. - Histoire d'un amour .

Citações André Gorz

„The ideology of work and the ethics of effort therefore become cover for ultra-competitive egoism and careerism: the best succeed, the others have only themselves to blame; hard work should be encouraged and rewarded, which therefore means we should not subsidize the unemployed, the poor and all the other 'layabouts.'“

—  André Gorz

This ideology (which in Europe finds its most overt expression in Thatcherism) is strictly rational, as far as capitalism is concerned: the aim to motivate a workforce which cannot easily be replaced (for the moment, at least) and control it ideologically for want of a means of controlling it physically. In order to do this, it must preserve the work-force's adherence to the work ethic, destroy the relations of solidarity that could bind it to the less fortunate, and persuade it that by doing as much work as possible it will best serve the collective interest as well as its own private interests. It will thus be necessary to conceal the fact that. there is an increasing structural glut of workers and an increasing structural shortage of secure, full-time jobs; in short, that the economy no longer needs everyone to work - and will do so less and less. And that; as a consequence, the 'society of work' is obsolete: work can no longer serve as the basis for social integration. But, to conceal these facts it is necessary to find alternative explanations for the rise in unemployment" and the decrease in job security. It will thus be asserted that casual labourers and the unemployed are not serious about looking for work; do not possess adequate skills, are encouraged to be idle by over~ generous dole payments and so on. And, it will be added, these people are all paid far too much for the little they are able to do, with the result that the economy, which is groaning under the weight of these excessive burdens, is no longer buoyant enough to create a growing number of jobs. And the conclusion will be reached that, 'To end unemployment, we have to work more.'

pp. 69-70
Critique of Economic Reason, 1988

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