Frases de Vitória do Reino Unido

Vitória do Reino Unido foto
0  0

Vitória do Reino Unido

Data de nascimento: 24. Maio 1819
Data de falecimento: 22. Janeiro 1901

Publicidade

Vitória foi Rainha do Reino Unido de 1837 até a morte, e também Imperatriz da Índia a partir de 1876. Era a única filha do príncipe Eduardo, Duque de Kent e Strathearn, e sua esposa, a princesa Vitória de Saxe-Coburgo-Saalfeld, ascendendo ao trono após a morte de seu tio, o rei Guilherme IV.

Eduardo era o quarto filho do rei Jorge III. Tanto o Duque de Kent como o rei morreram em 1820, fazendo com que Vitória fosse criada sob a supervisão da sua mãe germânica. Ela herdou o trono aos dezoito anos, depois de os três tios paternos terem morrido sem descendência legítima. O Reino Unido era já uma monarquia constitucional estabelecida, na qual o soberano tinha relativamente poucos poderes políticos diretos. Em privado, Vitória tentou influenciar o governo e a nomeação de ministros. Em público, tornou-se um ícone nacional e a figura que encarnava o modelo de valores rigorosos e moral pessoal.

Casou-se com o seu primo direto, o príncipe Alberto de Saxe-Coburgo-Gota, em 1840. Os seus nove filhos, e vinte e seis dos seus quarenta e dois netos casaram-se com outros membros da realeza e famílias nobres por todo o continente europeu, unindo-as entre si, o que lhe valeu o apelido de "a avó da Europa". Após a morte de Alberto em 1861, Vitória entrou num período de luto profundo durante o qual evitou aparecer em público. Como resultado do seu isolamento, o republicanismo ganhou força durante algum tempo, mas na segunda metade do seu reinado, a popularidade da rainha voltou a aumentar. Os seus jubileus de ouro e diamante foram muito celebrados pelo público.

O seu reinado de 63 anos e sete meses foi o mais longo da história do Reino Unido e ficou conhecido como a Era Vitoriana. Foi um período de mudança industrial, cultural, política, científica e militar no Reino Unido e ficou marcado pela expansão do Império Britânico. Vitória foi a última monarca da casa de Hanôver. O seu filho e sucessor, o rei Eduardo VII, pertencia à nova casa de Saxe-Coburgo-Gota.

Citações Vitória do Reino Unido

„Since it has pleased Providence to place me in this station, I shall do my utmost to fulfil my duty towards my country;“

— Victoria of the United Kingdom
Context: Since it has pleased Providence to place me in this station, I shall do my utmost to fulfil my duty towards my country; I am very young and perhaps in many, though not in all things, inexperienced, but I am sure that very few have more real good will and more real desire to do what is fit and right than I have. Extract from the Queen's Journal, Tuesday, 20th June 1837.

„It seems to me a defect in our much famed Constitution, to have to part with an admirable Govt like Ld Salisbury's for no question of any importance or any particular reason, merely on account of the number of votes.“

— Victoria of the United Kingdom
Comment made after Salisbury lost power to Gladstone in 1892, quoted in Queen Victoria: A Biographical Companion by Helen Rappaport (2003), [http://books.google.com/books?id=NLGhimIiFPoC&lpg=PP1&pg=PA331#v=onepage&q&f=false p. 331].

Publicidade

„I am most anxious to enlist everyone who can speak or write to join in checking this mad, wicked folly of "Women's Rights," with all its attendant horrors... Were women to "unsex" themselves by claiming equality with men, they would become the most hateful, heathen, and disgusting of beings and would surely perish without male protection.“

— Victoria of the United Kingdom
In an 1870 letter, quoted for example in All For Love: Seven Centuries of Illicit Liaison by Val Horsler (2006), [http://books.google.com/books?id=PFyvAAAAIAAJ&q=%22most+anxious+to+enlist%22#search_anchor p. 104]. At the bottom of [http://www.historyofwomen.org/suffrage.html this page], it is mentioned that the comment was written in a letter to Sir Theodore Martin in reaction to news "that Viscountess Amberley had become president of the Bristol and West of England Women's Suffrage Society and had addressed a ... public meeting on the subject." The author of the page, Helena Wojtczak, says [http://www.historyofwomen.org/about.html here] that while other sources often fail to give the context, she "researched and discovered the source of the quote".

„Affairs go on, and all will take some shape or other, but it keeps one in hot water all the time.“

— Victoria of the United Kingdom
Letter to King of the Belgians, Nuneham, 15th June, 1841 (Note: Nuneham was the house of Edward Vernon Harcourt, Archbishop of York).

„It is worth being shot at to see how much one is loved.“

— Victoria of the United Kingdom
After being shot at by Roderick Maclean on 2 March 1882, as quoted in Stanley Weintraub, Victoria. Biography of a queen (1987), p. 450.

„All marriage is such a lottery -- the happiness is always an exchange -- though it may be a very happy one -- still the poor woman is bodily and morally the husband's slave. That always sticks in my throat. When I think of a merry, happy, and free young girl -- and look at the ailing aching state a young wife is generally doomed to -- which you can't deny is the penalty of marriage.“

— Victoria of the United Kingdom
Letter (16 May 1860), published in Dearest Child: Letters Between Queen Victoria and the Princess Royal Previously Unpublished edited by Roger Fulfold (1964), p. 254. Also quoted in the article [http://www.victoriana.com/doors/queenvictoria.htm "Queen Victoria's Not So Victorian Writings"] by Heather Palmer (1997).

„We are not interested in the possibilities of defeat; they do not exist.“

— Victoria of the United Kingdom
December 1899 letter to Arthur Balfour during the "Black Week" of the Boer War, as quoted in The Columbia Dictionary of Quotations (1993), [http://books.google.com/books?id=4cl5c4T9LWkC&lpg=PP1&pg=PA539#v=onepage&q&f=false p. 539]. According to Lady Gwendolen Cecil, it was a verbal statement to Mr. Balfour in Windsor Palace, as recorded in her biography of her Father, Life of Robert, marquis of Salisbury, volume 3 (1921), [http://archive.org/stream/lifeofrobertmarq03ceciuoft#page/190/mode/2up/search/we+are+not+interested+in+the+possibilities+of+defeat p. 191]

Publicidade

„We are not amused.“

— Victoria of the United Kingdom
This quotation is attributed to Victoria, with varying stories. In Caroline Holland's Notebooks of a Spinster Lady, published in 1919, the story is put without clear details: "Her remarks can freeze as well as crystallise. There is a tale of the unfortunate equerry who ventured during dinner at Windsor to tell a story with a spice of scandal or impropriety in it. "We are not amused," said the Queen when he had finished" [http://www.archive.org/stream/cu31924028287195#page/n279/mode/2up]. Other stories describe it as a saying after viewing a production of Gilbert and Sullivan's HMS Pinafore An interview with Princess Alice, Countess of Athlone in 1976 states that the Princess asked her grandmother about this quotation and that Victoria said that she had never said the famous phrase (see the clip at 5:56 in [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qS4hAbHLszw this video], from the 2001 BBC program [http://ftvdb.bfi.org.uk/sift/title/698971 Reel Victorians: Nineties Girls]; the clip is from an interview that originally aired in the 1977 BBC program [http://ftvdb.bfi.org.uk/sift/title/746389 Royal Heritage: Victoria, Queen and Empress - The Princess Alice Interview]).

Aniversários de hoje
Christina Aguilera foto
Christina Aguilera7
cantora, compositora e atriz dos Estados Unidos 1980
Cristina da Suécia foto
Cristina da Suécia1
1626 - 1689
Zsa Zsa Gabor foto
Zsa Zsa Gabor23
1917 - 2016
Václav Havel foto
Václav Havel3
1936 - 2011
Outros 53 aniversários hoje