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Richard Stallman

Data de nascimento: 16. Março 1953

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Richard Matthew Stallman, ou simplesmente "rms" é um ativista, fundador do movimento software livre, do projeto GNU, e da FSF. Um aclamado programador e Hacker, seus maiores feitos incluem Emacs , o GNU Compiler Collection e o GNU Debugger. É também autor da GNU General Public License , a licença livre mais usada no mundo, que consolidou o conceito de copyleft.

Desde a metade dos anos 1990, Stallman tem dedicado a maior parte de seu tempo ao ativismo político, defendendo software livre e lutando contra a patente de softwares e a expansão da lei de copyright. O tempo que ainda devota à programação é gasto no GNU Emacs. Ele se sustenta com aproximadamente a metade do que recebe por suas palestras.

Em 1971, ainda calouro na Universidade Harvard - onde se graduou em Física, em 1974 -, Stallman era programador do laboratório de IA do MIT e tornou-se um líder na comunidade hacker.

Citações Richard Stallman

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„The hard part of programming is the same regardless of the language.“

—  Richard Stallman
Context: Programming is programming. If you get good at programming, it doesn't matter which language you learned it in, because you'll be able to do programming in any language. The hard part of programming is the same regardless of the language. And if you have a talent for that, and you learned it here, you can take it over there. Oh, one thing: if you want to get a picture of a programming at its most powerful, you should learn Lisp or Scheme because they are more elegant and powerful than other languages. "You broke the Internet. We're making ourselves a GNU one." (August 2013) https://gnunet.org/internetistschuld (around 02:16)

„Freedom means not having a master. And in the area of computing, freedom means not using proprietary software.“

—  Richard Stallman
Context: To have the choice between proprietary software packages, is being able to choose your master. Freedom means not having a master. And in the area of computing, freedom means not using proprietary software. Free Software and Beyond: Human Rights in the Use of Software", address at Goeteborg, Sweden (16 May 2007)

„I consider that the golden rule requires that if I like a program I must share it with other people who like it.“

—  Richard Stallman
Context: I consider that the golden rule requires that if I like a program I must share it with other people who like it. Software sellers want to divide the users and conquer them, making each user agree not to share with others. I refuse to break solidarity with other users in this way. I cannot in good conscience sign a nondisclosure agreement or a software license agreement. For years I worked within the Artificial Intelligence Lab to resist such tendencies and other inhospitalities, but eventually they had gone too far: I could not remain in an institution where such things are done for me against my will. So that I can continue to use computers without dishonor, I have decided to put together a sufficient body of free software so that I will be able to get along without any software that is not free. I have resigned from the AI lab to deny MIT any legal excuse to prevent me from giving GNU away.

„Standing up to an evil system is exhilarating, and now I have a taste for it.“

—  Richard Stallman
Context: If in my lifetime the problem of non-free software is solved, I could perhaps relax and write software again. But I might instead try to help deal with the world's larger problems. Standing up to an evil system is exhilarating, and now I have a taste for it.

„Free software permits students to learn how software works.“

—  Richard Stallman
Context: Free software permits students to learn how software works. Some students, on reaching their teens, want to learn everything there is to know about their computer and its software. They are intensely curious to read the source code of the programs that they use every day. To learn to write good code, students need to read lots of code and write lots of code. They need to read and understand real programs that people really use. Only free software permits this. Proprietary software rejects their thirst for knowledge: it says, “The knowledge you want is a secret — learning is forbidden!” Free software encourages everyone to learn. The free software community rejects the “priesthood of technology”, which keeps the general public in ignorance of how technology works; we encourage students of any age and situation to read the source code and learn as much as they want to know. Schools that use free software will enable gifted programming students to advance. Why Schools Should Exclusively Use Free Software (2003) http://www.gnu.org/education/edu-schools.html

Publicidade

„GNU is not in the public domain. Everyone will be permitted to modify and redistribute GNU, but no distributor will be allowed to restrict its further redistribution.“

—  Richard Stallman
Context: GNU is not in the public domain. Everyone will be permitted to modify and redistribute GNU, but no distributor will be allowed to restrict its further redistribution. That is to say, proprietary modifications will not be allowed. I want to make sure that all versions of GNU remain free.

„For personal reasons, I do not browse the web from my computer.“

—  Richard Stallman
Context: For personal reasons, I do not browse the web from my computer. (I also have no net connection much of the time.) To look at page I send mail to a daemon which runs wget and mails the page back to me. It is very efficient use of my time, but it is slow in real time. OpenBSD mailing list (15 December 2007) http://lwn.net/Articles/262570/

„Well, Geoff forwarded me a copy of the DEC message, and I eat my words. I sure would have minded it!“

—  Richard Stallman
Context: Well, Geoff forwarded me a copy of the DEC message, and I eat my words. I sure would have minded it! Nobody should be allowed to send a message with a header that long, no matter what it is about. Reaction to the first spam, after receiving a copy of it (9 May 1978) as quoted in "Reaction to the DEC Spam of 1978"

„Value your freedom or you will lose it, teaches history.“

—  Richard Stallman
Context: Value your freedom or you will lose it, teaches history. "Don't bother us with politics," respond those who don't want to learn. http://www.gnu.org/philosophy/linŭ-gnu-freedom.html "Linŭ, GNU, and freedom" in LinŭWorld (May 2002) http://www.gnu.org/philosophy/linŭ-gnu-freedom.html

Publicidade

„We are not against the Open Source movement, but we don't want to be lumped in with them. We acknowledge that they have contributed to our community, but we created this community, and we want people to know this.“

—  Richard Stallman
Context: We are not against the Open Source movement, but we don't want to be lumped in with them. We acknowledge that they have contributed to our community, but we created this community, and we want people to know this. We want people to associate our achievements with our values and our philosophy, not with theirs. We want to be heard, not obscured behind a group with different views. To prevent people from thinking we are part of them, we take pains to avoid using the word "open" to describe free software, or its contrary, "closed", in talking about non-free software.

„Hundreds of thousands of babies are born every day. While the whole phenomenon is menacing, one of them by itself is not newsworthy.“

—  Richard Stallman
Context: Hundreds of thousands of babies are born every day. While the whole phenomenon is menacing, one of them by itself is not newsworthy. Nor is it a difficult achievement — even some fish can do it. (Now, if you were a seahorse, it would be more interesting, since it would be the male that gave birth.)... These birth announcements also spread the myth that having a baby is something to be proud of, which fuels natalist pressure, which leads to pollution, extinction of wildlife, poverty, and ultimately mass starvation. His reaction to a baby announcement on a SFBA social mailing list (21 February 1993), as quoted in "RMS -vs- Doctor, on the evils of Natalism" at Art.net http://www.art.net/Studios/Hackers/Hopkins/Don/text/rms-vs-doctor.html

„Isn't it ironic that the proprietary software developers call us communists? We are the ones who have provided for a free market, where they allow only monopoly.“

—  Richard Stallman
Context: Isn't it ironic that the proprietary software developers call us communists? We are the ones who have provided for a free market, where they allow only monopoly. … if the users chooses this proprietary software package, he then falls into this monopoly for support … the only way to escape from monopoly is to escape from proprietary software, and that is what the free software movement is all about. We want you to escape and our work is to help you escape. We hope you will escape to the free world. The free world is the new continent in cyberspace that we have built so we can live here in freedom. It's impossible to live in freedom in the old world of cyberspace, where every program has its feudal lord that bullies and mistreats the users. So, to live in freedom we have to build a new continent. Because this is a virtual continent, it has room for everyone, and there are no immigration restrictions. And because there were never indigenous peoples in cyberspace, there is also no issue of taking away their land. So everyone is welcome in the free world, come to the free world, live with us in freedom. The free software movement aims for the liberation of cyberspace and everyone in it. “Free Software in Ethics and Practice” talk at CMC MSU, Moscow, Russia, (3 March 2008) Text http://phobos.cs.msu.su/FTP/Stallman/rms-cmc.txt · ogg file http://sbos.in/RMS_Lection.ogg · YouTube http://youtube.com/watch?v=GrJpXJY4Oow

„One reason you should not use web applications to do your computing is that you lose control.“

—  Richard Stallman
Context: One reason you should not use web applications to do your computing is that you lose control. It's just as bad as using a proprietary program. Do your own computing on your own computer with your copy of a freedom-respecting program. If you use a proprietary program or somebody else's web server, you're defenceless. You're putty in the hands of whoever developed that software. "Cloud computing is a trap, warns GNU founder Richard Stallman", in The Guardian (29 September 2008)

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