Frases de Richard Stallman

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Richard Stallman

Data de nascimento: 16. Março 1953

Richard Matthew Stallman, ou simplesmente "rms" é um ativista, fundador do movimento software livre, do projeto GNU, e da FSF. Um aclamado programador e hacker, seus maiores feitos incluem Emacs , o GNU Compiler Collection e o GNU Debugger. É também autor da GNU General Public License , a licença livre mais usada no mundo, que consolidou o conceito de copyleft.

Desde a metade dos anos 1990, Stallman tem dedicado a maior parte de seu tempo ao ativismo político, defendendo software livre e lutando contra a patente de softwares e a expansão da lei de copyright. O tempo que ainda devota à programação é gasto no GNU Emacs. Ele se sustenta com aproximadamente a metade do que recebe por suas palestras.

Em 1971, ainda calouro na Universidade Harvard - onde se graduou em física em 1974 -, Stallman era programador do laboratório de IA do Instituto de Tecnologia de Massachusetts e tornou-se um líder na comunidade hacker.

„Eu sou pessimista por natureza. Muitas pessoas só conseguem continuar lutando quando elas esperm vencer. Eu não sou assim, eu sempre espero perder. Eu luto de qualquer jeito, e às vezes eu venço.“

—  Richard Stallman

I am a pessimist by nature. Many people can only keep on fighting when they expect to win. I'm not like that, I always expect to lose. I fight anyway, and sometimes I win.
Interview on Kernel http://archive.is/20120711223115/kerneltrap.org/node/4484.

„Leis que oprimem pessoas não tem autoridade moral.“

—  Richard Stallman

Laws that oppress people have no moral authority.
Human Rights in the Use of Software and Other Published Works http://rms2007.se/in-english/

„Prostituição, adultério, necrofilia, bestialidade, posse de pornografia infantil e até incesto e pedofilia… deveriam ser legais enquanto ninguém seja forçado. Eles são ilegais somente por causa de preconceitos e estreiteza de pontos de vista.“

—  Richard Stallman

Prostitution, adultery, necrophilia, bestiality, possession of child pornography, and even incest and pedophilia ... should be legal as long as no one is coerced. They are illegal only because of prejudice and narrowmindedness.
Richard Stallman, ligação http://stallman.org/archives/2003-may-aug.html, 28 de junho de 2003

„I want to make sure that all versions of GNU remain free.“

—  Richard Stallman

1980s, GNU Manifesto (1985)
Contexto: GNU is not in the public domain. Everyone will be permitted to modify and redistribute GNU, but no distributor will be allowed to restrict its further redistribution. That is to say, proprietary modifications will not be allowed. I want to make sure that all versions of GNU remain free.

„Every decision a person makes stems from the person's values and goals.“

—  Richard Stallman

1990s, Copyleft: Pragmatic Idealism (1998)
Contexto: Every decision a person makes stems from the person's values and goals. People can have many different goals and values; fame, profit, love, survival, fun, and freedom, are just some of the goals that a good person might have. When the goal is to help others as well as oneself, we call that idealism.
My work on free software is motivated by an idealistic goal: spreading freedom and cooperation. I want to encourage free software to spread, replacing proprietary software that forbids cooperation, and thus make our society better.

„In 1971 when I joined the staff of the MIT Artificial Intelligence lab, all of us who helped develop the operating system software, we called ourselves hackers.“

—  Richard Stallman

MEME 2.04, an interview with David S. Bennahum (1996) http://memex.org/meme2-04.html
1990s
Contexto: In 1971 when I joined the staff of the MIT Artificial Intelligence lab, all of us who helped develop the operating system software, we called ourselves hackers. We were not breaking any laws, at least not in doing the hacking we were paid to do. We were developing software and we were having fun. Hacking refers to the spirit of fun in which we were developing software. The hacker ethic refers to the feelings of right and wrong, to the ethical ideas this community of people had — that knowledge should be shared with other people who can benefit from it, and that important resources should be utilized rather than wasted. Back in those days computers were quite scarce, and one thing about our computer was it would execute about a third-of-a-million instructions every second, and it would do so whether there was any need to do so or not. If no one used these instructions, they would be wasted. So to have an administrator say, "well you people can use a computer and all the rest of you can't," means that if none of those officially authorized people wanted to use the machine that second, it would go to waste. For many hours every morning it would mostly go to waste. So we decided that was a shame. Anyone should be able to use it who could make use of it, rather than just throwing it away. In general we did not tolerate bureaucratic obstructionism. We felt, "this computer is here, it was bought by the public, it is here to advance human knowledge and do whatever is constructive and useful." So we felt it was better to let anyone at all use it — to learn about programming, or do any other kind of work other than commercial activity.

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„Without absolute certainty, what do we do? We do the best we can. Injustice is happening now; suffering is happening now. We have choices to make now.“

—  Richard Stallman

2000s
Contexto: Religious people often say that religion offers absolute certainty about right and wrong; "god tells them" what it is. Even supposing that the aforementioned gods exist, and that the believers really know what the gods think, that still does not provide certainty, because any being no matter how powerful can still be wrong. Whether gods exist or not, there is no way to get absolute certainty about ethics. Without absolute certainty, what do we do? We do the best we can. Injustice is happening now; suffering is happening now. We have choices to make now. To insist on absolute certainty before starting to apply ethics to life decisions is a way of choosing to be amoral.

„I've always lived cheaply. I live like a student, basically. And I like that, because it means that money is not telling me what to do. I can do what I think is important for me to do. It freed me to do what seemed worth doing.“

—  Richard Stallman

2000s, Free Software: Freedom and Cooperation (2001)
Contexto: !-- I was getting 8 to 10 orders [for tapes of Emacs] a month. And, if necessary, I could have lived on just that, because --> I've always lived cheaply. I live like a student, basically. And I like that, because it means that money is not telling me what to do. I can do what I think is important for me to do. It freed me to do what seemed worth doing. So make a real effort to avoid getting sucked into all the expensive lifestyle habits of typical Americans. Because if you do that, then people with the money will dictate what you do with your life. You won't be able to do what's really important to you.<!-- line 422

„We are not against the Open Source movement, but we don't want to be lumped in with them. We acknowledge that they have contributed to our community, but we created this community, and we want people to know this.“

—  Richard Stallman

1990s, Why "Free Software" is better than "Open Source" (1998)
Contexto: We are not against the Open Source movement, but we don't want to be lumped in with them. We acknowledge that they have contributed to our community, but we created this community, and we want people to know this. We want people to associate our achievements with our values and our philosophy, not with theirs. We want to be heard, not obscured behind a group with different views. To prevent people from thinking we are part of them, we take pains to avoid using the word "open" to describe free software, or its contrary, "closed", in talking about non-free software.

„People deserve better than that.“

—  Richard Stallman

"Sayings" at Richard Stallman's personal site (c. 2001) http://www.stallman.org/sayings.html
2000s
Contexto: People get the government their behavior deserves. People deserve better than that.

„Value your freedom or you will lose it, teaches history.“

—  Richard Stallman

http://www.gnu.org/philosophy/linŭ-gnu-freedom.html "Linŭ, GNU, and freedom" in LinŭWorld (May 2002) http://www.gnu.org/philosophy/linŭ-gnu-freedom.html
2000s
Contexto: Value your freedom or you will lose it, teaches history. "Don't bother us with politics," respond those who don't want to learn.

„Well, Geoff forwarded me a copy of the DEC message, and I eat my words. I sure would have minded it!“

—  Richard Stallman

Reaction to the first spam, after receiving a copy of it (9 May 1978) as quoted in "Reaction to the DEC Spam of 1978"
1970s
Contexto: Well, Geoff forwarded me a copy of the DEC message, and I eat my words. I sure would have minded it! Nobody should be allowed to send a message with a header that long, no matter what it is about.

„GNU is not in the public domain. Everyone will be permitted to modify and redistribute GNU, but no distributor will be allowed to restrict its further redistribution.“

—  Richard Stallman

1980s, GNU Manifesto (1985)
Contexto: GNU is not in the public domain. Everyone will be permitted to modify and redistribute GNU, but no distributor will be allowed to restrict its further redistribution. That is to say, proprietary modifications will not be allowed. I want to make sure that all versions of GNU remain free.

„Standing up to an evil system is exhilarating, and now I have a taste for it.“

—  Richard Stallman

2000s
Contexto: If in my lifetime the problem of non-free software is solved, I could perhaps relax and write software again. But I might instead try to help deal with the world's larger problems. Standing up to an evil system is exhilarating, and now I have a taste for it.

„Freedom means not having a master. And in the area of computing, freedom means not using proprietary software.“

—  Richard Stallman

Free Software and Beyond: Human Rights in the Use of Software", address at Goeteborg, Sweden (16 May 2007)
2000s
Contexto: To have the choice between proprietary software packages, is being able to choose your master. Freedom means not having a master. And in the area of computing, freedom means not using proprietary software.

„Free software permits students to learn how software works.“

—  Richard Stallman

Why Schools Should Exclusively Use Free Software (2003) http://www.gnu.org/education/edu-schools.html
2000s
Contexto: Free software permits students to learn how software works. Some students, on reaching their teens, want to learn everything there is to know about their computer and its software. They are intensely curious to read the source code of the programs that they use every day. To learn to write good code, students need to read lots of code and write lots of code. They need to read and understand real programs that people really use. Only free software permits this.
Proprietary software rejects their thirst for knowledge: it says, “The knowledge you want is a secret — learning is forbidden!” Free software encourages everyone to learn. The free software community rejects the “priesthood of technology”, which keeps the general public in ignorance of how technology works; we encourage students of any age and situation to read the source code and learn as much as they want to know. Schools that use free software will enable gifted programming students to advance.

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