Frases de Peter Singer

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Peter Singer

Data de nascimento: 6. Julho 1946

Peter Albert David Singer é um filósofo e professor australiano. É professor na Universidade de Princeton, nos Estados Unidos. Atua na área de ética prática, tratando questões de Ética de uma perspectiva utilitarista.

Singer foi professor de filosofia na Universidade de Monash em Melbourne, onde fundou o Centro para Bioética Humana. Em 1996 Singer candidatou-se ao Senado pelo Partido Verde Australiano mas não conseguiu ser eleito. Em 1999 foi nomeado Professor Ira W. DeCamp de Bioética do Centro de Valores Humanos de Princeton e se mudou para os Estados Unidos.

Citações Peter Singer

„É fácil nos posicionar sobre um assunto remoto, mas revelamos nossa verdadeira natureza quando o assunto bate à nossa porta. Protestar contra touradas na Espanha ou o assassinato de foquinhas no Canadá e continuar comendo frangos que passaram a vida toda apinhados em gaiolas, ou carne de vitela de bezerros que foram separados da mãe, de deitar-se com suas pernas estendidas é o mesmo que denunciar o apartheid na África do Sul e ao mesmo tempo pedir a seus vizinhos que não vendam a casa a negros.“

„Se eu pudesse fazer com que todos no mundo vissem um filme, eu os faria ver Earthlings.“

„Num primeiro momento, pequenas infrações não parecem ter importância, mas ao longo do tempo a moral da comunidade é afetada em todas as esferas.“

„A libertação animal também é uma libertação humana.“

„A escravidão animal deveria ser enterrada, juntamente com a escravidão humana, no cemitério do passado.“

„To protest about bullfighting in Spain, the eating of dogs in South Korea, or the slaughter of baby seals in Canada while continuing to eat eggs from hens who have spent their lives crammed into cages, or veal from calves who have been deprived of their mothers, their proper diet, and the freedom to lie down with their legs extended, is like denouncing apartheid in South Africa while asking your neighbors not to sell their houses to blacks.“ Animal Liberation

„All the arguments to prove man's superiority cannot shatter this hard fact: in suffering the animals are our equals.“

„If possessing a higher degree of intelligence does not entitle one human to use another for his or her own ends, how can it entitle humans to exploit non-humans?“ Animal Liberation

„What one generation finds ridiculous, the next accepts; and the third shudders when it looks back on what the first did.“

„The notion that human life is sacred just because it is human life is medieval.“

„We are, quite literally, gambling with the future of our planet- for the sake of hamburgers“ Animal Liberation

„Hebrew word for "charity" tzedakah, simply means "justice" and as this suggests, for Jews, giving to the poor is no optional extra but an essential part of living a just life.“ The Life You Can Save: Acting Now to End World Poverty

„If it is in our power to prevent something bad from happening, without thereby sacrificing anything of comparable moral importance, we ought, morally, to do it.“

„Were we incapable of empathy – of putting ourselves in the position of others and seeing that their suffering is like our own – then ethical reasoning would lead nowhere. If emotion without reason is blind, then reason without emotion is impotent.“ Writings on an Ethical Life

„Forests and meat animals compete for the same land. The prodigious appetite of the affluent nations for meat means that agribusiness can pay more than those who want to preserve or restore the forest. We are, quite literally, gambling with the future of our planet – for the sake of hamburgers“ Animal Liberation

„As far as food is concerned, the great extravagance is not caviar or truffles, but beef, pork and poultry. Some 38 percent of the world's grain crop is now fed to animals, as well as large quantities of soybeans. There are three times as many domestic animals on this planet as there are human beings. The combined weight of the world's 1.28 billion cattle alone exceeds that of the human population. While we look darkly at the number of babies being born in poorer parts of the world, we ignore the over-population of farm animals, to which we ourselves contribute... [t]hat, however, is only part of the damage done by the animals we deliberately breed. The energy intensive factory farming methods of the industrialised nations are responsible for the consumption of huge amounts of fossil fuels. Chemical fertilizers, used to grow the feed crops for cattle in feedlots and pigs and chickens kept indoors in sheds, produce nitrous oxide, another greenhouse gas. Then there is the loss of forests. Everywhere, forest-dwellers, both human and non-human, can be pushed out. Since 1960, 25 percent of the forests of Central America have been cleared for cattle. Once cleared, the poor soils will support grazing for a few years; then the graziers must move on. Shrub takes over the abandoned pasture, but the forest does not return. When the forests are cleared so the cattle can graze, billions of tons of carbon dioxide are released into the atmosphere. Finally, the world's cattle are thought to produce about 20 percent of the methane released into the atmosphere, and methane traps twenty-five times as much heat from the sun as carbon dioxide. Factory farm manure also produces methane because, unlike manured dropped naturally in the fields, it dies not decompose in the presence of oxygen. All of this amounts to a compelling reason... for a plant based diet.“ Practical Ethics

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