Frases de Isaac Bashevis Singer

Isaac Bashevis Singer photo
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Isaac Bashevis Singer

Data de nascimento: 21. Novembro 1902
Data de falecimento: 24. Julho 1991
Outros nomes:ఐజక్ బెషెవిస్ సింగర్

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Isaac Bashevis Singer foi um escritor judeu-americano. Nasceu na Polônia, mas viveu muitos anos nos Estados Unidos, onde escreveu e publicou sua obra.

A obra de Singer ocupa posição destacada na literatura mundial e o escritor, reconhecido pela Academia Sueca com o Nobel de Literatura de 1978, faz parte daquele conjunto relevante de escritores que fizeram da literatura uma forma de representar a vida, o mundo, a sociedade e o ser humano.

Singer, filho e neto de rabinos hassídicos, emigrante para Nova York em 1935, construiu um universo ficcional que remete continuamente à infância e à adolescência vividas na Europa e à atmosfera de intensa religiosidade em que foi educado, donde vêm os elementos predominantes de seu estilo e o estímulo da intenção de rever um “mundo morto”, o das pequenas comunidades judias nas aldeias polonesas . Seus contos, escritos de maneira simples, sem grandes sofisticações - revelando, no entanto, grande capacidade criativa e penetração crítica -, são comparáveis somente aos contos dos grandes nomes da literatura universal, como Guy de Maupassant, Edgar Allan Poe, E. T. A. Hoffmann e Machado de Assis.

Embora no Brasil sua obra seja relativamente pouco conhecida, é muito conhecida e estudada nas universidades norte-americanas e européias, contando com núcleos específicos de pesquisa e crítica literária, da mesma forma que acontece com os grandes nomes da literatura mundial.

Estados Unidos, Alemanha, França, Itália, Inglaterra e Polônia representam, em sequência, os países em que a obra de Bashevis Singer é mais conhecida, possuindo grande número de leitores, com a publicação dos vários títulos do autor. São comuns também estudos biográficos e estudos crítico-literários sobre a sua literatura, além de perspectivas analíticas sobre a importânica de sua obra para a literatura judaica e para a literatura em geral.

No Brasil, recentemente a coletânea de contos The collected stories of Isaac Bashevis Singer, reunião dos melhores contos, feita pelo próprio autor, foi traduzida e publicada. E muitos são os leitores que buscam em sua literatura uma maneira de compreender a tradição judaica.

Citações Isaac Bashevis Singer

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„We must believe in free will — we have no choice.“

—  Isaac Bashevis Singer
An ironic statement which Singer made in many interviews over many years; here quoted in "Isaac Singer’s Promised City" http://www.city-journal.org/html/7_3_urbanities-isaac.html City Journal (Summer 1997) Variants or variant translations: We must believe in free will — we have no other choice. You must believe in free will; there is no choice. We have to believe in free will. We’ve got no choice. This makes more sense if you consider the statement "we must believe in free will; we have no [other logical] choice"

„To be a vegetarian is to disagree — to disagree with the course of things today. Starvation, world hunger, cruelty, waste, wars — we must make a statement against these things. Vegetarianism is my statement. And I think it’s a strong one.“

—  Isaac Bashevis Singer
Context: Vegetarianism is my religion. I became a consistent vegetarian some twenty-three years ago. Before that, I would try over and over again. But it was sporadic. Finally, in the mid-1960s, I made up my mind. And I've been a vegetarian ever since. When a human kills an animal for food, he is neglecting his own hunger for justice. Man prays for mercy, but is unwilling to extend it to others. Why should man then expect mercy from God? It's unfair to expect something that you are not willing to give. … This is my protest against the conduct of the world. To be a vegetarian is to disagree — to disagree with the course of things today. Nuclear power, starvation, cruelty — we must make a statement against these things. Vegetarianism is my statement. And I think it's a strong one. Preface to Food for the Spirit: Vegetarianism and the World Religions by Steven Rosen (New York: Bala Books, 1987, )

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„The storyteller and poet of our time, as in any other time, must be an entertainer of the spirit in the full sense of the word, not just a preacher of social or political ideals. There is no paradise for bored readers and no excuse for tedious literature that does not intrigue the reader, uplift him, give him the joy and the escape that true art always grants.“

—  Isaac Bashevis Singer
Context: The storyteller and poet of our time, as in any other time, must be an entertainer of the spirit in the full sense of the word, not just a preacher of social or political ideals. There is no paradise for bored readers and no excuse for tedious literature that does not intrigue the reader, uplift him, give him the joy and the escape that true art always grants. Nevertheless, it is also true that the serious writer of our time must be deeply concerned about the problems of his generation. He cannot but see that the power of religion, especially belief in revelation, is weaker today than it was in any other epoch in human history. More and more children grow up without faith in God, without belief in reward and punishment, in the immortality of the soul and even in the validity of ethics. The genuine writer cannot ignore the fact that the family is losing its spiritual foundation.

„Not only has our generation lost faith in Providence but also in man himself, in his institutions and often in those who are nearest to him.“

—  Isaac Bashevis Singer
Context: Not only has our generation lost faith in Providence but also in man himself, in his institutions and often in those who are nearest to him. In their despair a number of those who no longer have confidence in the leadership of our society look up to the writer, the master of words. They hope against hope that the man of talent and sensitivity can perhaps rescue civilization. Maybe there is a spark of the prophet in the artist after all.

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