Frases de Maria Montessori
Data de nascimento: 31. Agosto 1870
Data de falecimento: 6. Maio 1952
Maria Tecla Artemisia Montessori foi uma educadora, médica e pedagoga italiana. É conhecida pelo método educativo que desenvolveu e que ainda é usado hoje em escolas públicas e privadas mundo afora.
Destacou a importância da liberdade, da atividade e do estímulo para o desenvolvimento físico e mental das crianças. Para ela, liberdade e disciplina se equilibrariam, não sendo possível conquistar uma sem a outra. Adaptou o princípio da auto-educação, que consiste na interferência mínima dos professores, pois a aprendizagem teria como base o espaço escolar e o material didático.
Citações Maria Montessori
„Para nós, as crianças revelaram que disciplina é resultado somente de um desenvolvimento completo, do funcionamento mental auxiliado pela atividade manual.“
Fonte: Maria Montesssori; Para Desenvolver o Potencial Humano;p.19; Papirus Editora; 2003; Brasil
„A paz não escraviza o homem, pelo contrário, ela o exalta. Não o humilha, muito ao contrário, ela o torna consciente de seu poder no universo. E porque está baseada na natureza humana, ela é um princípio universal e constante que vale para todo ser humano. É esse princípio que deve ser nosso guia na elaboração de uma ciência da paz e na educação dos homens para a paz.“
Fonte: Maria Montessori; A Educação e a Paz; p. 54; Papirus Editora; 2004; Brasil
„A preparação que nosso método exige do professor é o auto-exame, a renúncia à tirania. Deve expelir do coração a ira e o orgulho, deve saber humilhar-se e revestir-se de caridade. Estas são as disposições que seu espírito deve adquiriri, a base da balança, o indispensável ponto de apoio para seu equilíbrio. Nisso consiste a preparação interior: o ponto de partida e a meta.“
Fonte: Maria Montessori; A Criança;p. 178; 1983, Editorial Nórdica Ltda; Brasil
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Fonte: Nova Escola http://novaescola.abril.com.br/ed/164_ago03/html/pensadores.htm
„If help and salvation are to come they can only come from the children, for the children are the makers of men.“
Part I : The Child's Part in World Reconstruction, p. 4.
The Absorbent Mind (1949)
Contexto: If help and salvation are to come they can only come from the children, for the children are the makers of men.
The child is endowed with unknown powers, which can guide us to a radiant future. If what we really want is a new world, then education must take as its aim the development of these hidden possibilities.
Part II : How Language Calls to the Child, p. 121
The Absorbent Mind (1949)
The Secret of Childhood, p. 108.
Contexto: We have in ourselves tendencies that are not good and which flourish like weeds in a field. (Original sin). These tendencies are many; they fall into seven groups, known of old as the Seven deadly sins. All deadly sins tend to separate us from the child; for the child compared to us, is not only purer but has mysterious qualities, which we adults as a rule cannot perceive, but in which we must believe with faith, for Jesus spoke to them so clearly and insistently that all the Evangelists recorded His words: Unless ye be converted and become as little children, ye shall nor enter into the Kingdom of Heaven. That which the educator must seek is to be able to see the child as Jesus saw him. It is with this endeavour, thus defined and delimited, that we wish to deal.
„Such prizes and punishments are, if I may be allowed the expression, the bench of the soul, the instrument of slavery for the spirit.“
Fonte: The Montessori Method Scientific Pedagogy as Applied to Child Education in 'The Children's Houses' with Additions and Revisions by the Author
Fonte: The Absorbent Mind (1949), Ch. 27 : The Teacher's Preparation, p. 283; part of this has become paraphrased as :
Contexto: One who has drunk at the fountain of spiritual happiness says good-by of his own accord to the satisfactions that come from a higher professional status … What is the greatest sign of success for a teacher thus transformed? It is to be able to say, "The children are now working as if I did not exist."
„He is a serene and pleasant man where he is powerful through being efficient, but is domineering where he is served.“
Ch. 5 : Discipline, p. 100.
Contexto: Let us picture to ourselves a clever and proficient workman, capable, not only of producing much and perfect work, but of giving advice in his workshop, because of his ability to control and direct the general activity of the environment in which he works. The man who is thus master of his environment will be able to smile before the anger of others, showing that great mastery of himself which comes from consciousness of his ability to do things. We should not, however, be in the least surprised to know that in his home this capable workman scolded his wife if the soup was not to his taste, or not ready at the appointed time. In his home, he is no longer the capable workman; the skilled workman here is the wife, who serves him and prepares his food for him. He is a serene and pleasant man where he is powerful through being efficient, but is domineering where he is served. Perhaps if he should learn how to prepare his soup he might become a perfect man! The man who, through his own efforts, is able to perform all the actions necessary for his comfort and development in life, conquers himself, and in doing so multiplies his abilities and perfects himself as an individual.
We must make of the future generation, powerful men, and by that we mean men who are independent and free.