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Jeremy Corbyn

Data de nascimento: 26. Maio 1949

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Jeremy Bernard Corbyn é um político britânico, atual líder do Partido Trabalhista e líder da oposição na Câmara dos Comuns. É deputado pelo círculo de Islington North desde 1983 e foi eleito líder dos trabalhistas em setembro de 2015.Destacou-se nos movimentos anti-guerra, anti-nuclear e na defesa dos direitos humanos. Jeremy Corbyn, mais próximo dos movimentos contra a austeridade grego Syriza e espanhol Podemos do que do centrista Tony Blair, conseguiu consolidar o seu estatuto junto dos jovens e velhos militantes e sindicatos. Após o fracasso dos Trabalhistas nas eleições de 2015 e a renúncia de Ed Miliband como líder da legenda, Corbyn se candidatou e venceu o pleito para a liderança do Partido Trabalhista à primeira volta com 59% dos votos.Um auto-proclamado socialista democrático, Corbyn defende a renacionalização de serviços públicos e estradas, reabertura das minas de carvão, combate a evasão fiscal como alternativa à austeridade, abolição da cobrança de mensalidades nas faculdades e restauração das bolsas de estudo, uma política unilateral de desarmamento nuclear e o cancelamento do programa de armas Trident, uso do quantitative easing para financiar a infraestrutura e projetos de energia renovável, além da reversão de cortes de gastos no setor público e no sistema de assistência social aos mais pobres, em vigor desde o início do governo de David Cameron.Após o referendo sobre a permanência do Reino Unido na União Europeia em 2016, parlamentares Trabalhistas passaram um voto de desconfiança contra Corbyn por 172 votos a 40 após a renúncia de dois-terços do seu Gabinete de Sombra. Em setembro de 2016, contudo, Jeremy voltou a vencer uma eleição entre os filiados do partido, com 61,8% dos votos.Nas eleições gerais de 2017, o Partido Trabalhista, sob comando de Corbyn, surpreendeu nas urnas e conquistou 40% dos votos e tomou 32 novos assentos na Câmara dos Comuns do Reino Unido.Corbyn é membro da Amnistia Internacional, do Movimento pelo Desarmamento Nuclear e do Movimento de Solidariedade com a Palestina. Foi também presidente da Coligação Parem a Guerra, de campanha contra a Guerra do Iraque e a Guerra do Afeganistão, de 2011 a 2015.Corbyn vive em Londres com sua terceira esposa, Laura Álvarez, uma mexicana e importadora de café. Já foi casado outras duas vezes.

Citações Jeremy Corbyn

„That is the real pressure in our society.“

—  Jeremy Corbyn
Context: There’s a lot of debate about what’s happening in the Labour party at the present time. And I am inundated with questions, questions, questions all the time. And I have patience that is infinite to answer questions, questions, questions. But one I got today really did puzzle me. They said: how are you coping with the pressure that’s on you? I simply said this: ‘There is no pressure on me. None whatsoever.’ The real pressure, the real pressure – real pressure – is when you don’t have enough money to feed your kids, when you don’t have a roof over your head, when you're wondering if you're going to be cared for. When you're wondering how you can survive. You're wondering how you're going to cope with the debts you've incurred … That is the real pressure in our society. For those people struggling on low pay, struggling on zero-hours contracts, not knowing what's coming from one week to the other, not knowing if they'll be able to pay the rent, not knowing if they're going to be homeless, not knowing if their children will end up in care, that's the kind of brutal pressure that's put on people every day of the week in this country. Speech https://www.facebook.com/JeremyCorbynMP/videos/10154367015683872/ Jeremy Corbyn's speech at the Durham Miner's Gala during the Labour Party (UK) leadership election, 2016

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„In eight simple ways, my Bill seeks to provide a framework for giving pensioners a decent living standard. First, it would fix old-age pensions for couples at half average industrial earnings, and for single people it would be a third... Secondly, my Bill would require central Government to appoint a Minister responsible for the co-ordination of policy on pensioners. Thirdly, it would require local authorities to produce a comprehensive annual report about their policies on pensioners and on the conditions of pensioners in their communities. Fourthly, every health authority would also be asked to do that. Fifthly, the present anomalous system means that in some parts of the country where there are foresighted Labour local authorities there are concessionary transport schemes — free bus passes. They do not exist in some parts of Britain and the Bill would make them a national responsibility and they would be paid for nationally... My sixth point is one of the most important. It is about the introduction of a flat-rate winter heating allowance instead of the nonsensical system of waiting for the cold to run from Monday to Sunday, and then if it is sufficiently cold a rebate is paid in arrears. Last winter that resulted in many old people living in homes that were too cold because they could not afford to heat them. If they did get any aid, it was far too late. My seventh point concerns the abolition of standing charges on gas, electricity and telephones for elderly people. They are paying about £250 million a year towards the profits of the gas industry and those profits will be about £1.5 billion. Standing charges should be cancelled, unit prices maintained and the cost of the standing charge should be taken from the profits of the gas board or the electricity board — if it ends up being privatised. They could well afford to pay for that rather than forcing old people to live in cold and misery throughout the winter. Finally, the Bill would prohibit the cutting off of gas and electricity in any pensioner household.“

—  Jeremy Corbyn
Speech http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/commons/1987/dec/01/elimination-of-poverty-in-old-age-etc in the House of Commons (1 December 1987).

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„The Americans have sought consistently to undermine and destabilise the Governments of Grenada since 1979. They have sought consistently to undermine and destabilise the Government of Jamaica. They did so until Mr. Seaga was elected Prime Minister. They have consistently sought to undermine and destabilise any Government in the region who have sought to develop the interests of the people rather than the interests of the multinational companies that are busy exploiting those people. At the centre of the debate and of the activities of the United States lies its belief that its role is to defend the people who pay the Government — the multinational companies. The British Government are doing exactly the same. In every conference chamber around the world, the British Government support American foreign policy. They do not have a foreign policy in the Caribbean or central America. All they know is to follow the United States—except that when the issue of Grenada came up they did not know what to do. So, for three days running, we have had a pathetic appearance by the Foreign Secretary, who has been wondering what to do next. He comes to the House, wringing his hands, wondering what on earth to say next. He knows that he has been made to look an absolute idiot because he was incapable of standing up to the Americans for once. The one thing that the Americans do not respect is the Uriah Heep diplomacy that the British Government operate towards them. The Pavlovian response of agreeing to everything that the United States demands and wants has got them nowhere and has made them look incredibly stupid and shortsighted.“

—  Jeremy Corbyn
Speech http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/commons/1983/oct/26/grenada-invasion in the House of Commons (26 October 1983).

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