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Jean Chrétien

Data de nascimento: 11. Janeiro 1934

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Joseph Jacques Jean Chrétien foi o vigésimo primeiro-ministro do Canadá, tendo governado o país entre 4 de novembro de 1993 e 12 de dezembro de 2003.

Jean Chrétien nasceu em Shawinigan, Quebec, o décimo-oitavo filho de um total de 19 crianças. Posteriormente, estudou direito na Universidade Laval, na Cidade de Quebec. Foi eleito para a Câmara dos Comuns em 1963, tendo servido como um secretário parlamentar , primeiramente, de Lester Bowles Pearson, em 1965, e posteriormente, para Mitchell Sharp, Ministro das Finanças, em 1966. Em 1977, foi escolhido para ser Ministro das Finanças, e em 1982, apontado Ministro de Energia, Minas e Recursos.

Após a aposentadoria política de Pierre Elliott Trudeau, em 1984, Chrétien participou das eleições do Partido Liberal do Canadá, como um dos candidatos a novo líder do partido, mas foi derrotado por John Napier Turner. Em 1986, devido a atritos com Turner, Chrétien renunciou aos seus cargos políticos, e deixou a vida política até 1989, quando Turner renunciou seu posto de líder do Partido Liberal. Jean Chrétien voltou para disputar as eleições de novo líder do Partido Liberal, e, desta vez, tendo vencido e escolhido como novo líder do Partido. Chrétien voltou à Câmara dos Comuns em 1990, e venceu as eleições nacionais de 1993, tornando-se o 20º primeiro-ministro do Canadá.

Ao longo de seu termo de primeiro-ministro, que durou até 12 de dezembro de 2003, tendo sido reeleito nas eleições nacionais de 1997 e 2000, Chrétien esteve à frente de um forte Partido Liberal, sendo que nenhum outro partido político canadense teve alguma chance de concorrer com os Liberais nas eleições de 1997 e 2000, bem como provaram fraca oposição ao longo dos 10 anos de governo de Chrétien.

Em agosto de 2002, Chrétien anunciou sua aposentadoria política, tendo governado o Canadá até 12 de dezembro de 2003. Chrétien atualmente trabalha numa firma judicial em Ottawa, Ontário.

Citações Jean Chrétien

„Most Canadians don't understand the House of Commons.“

— Jean Chrétien
Context: Most Canadians don't understand the House of Commons. They turn on their televisions, see us yelling at one another, and dismiss us as a bunch of fools. Chapter Two, Learning The Ropes, p. 36

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„Taken to its logical extreme, the Laffer curve makes no sense because, if you lower your taxes to zero, how are you going to get higher revenues?“

— Jean Chrétien
Context: I never bought into the Laffer curve, a theory, named after an American supply-side economist who had been an adviser to the Reagan administration, that essentially argues that a government will increase its revenue by reducing its taxes. If it were that easy, everybody would do it. What politician doesn't want to reduce taxes in order to win votes? Taken to its logical extreme, the Laffer curve makes no sense because, if you lower your taxes to zero, how are you going to get higher revenues? In practice, every government that toyed with this theory ended up with larger deficits, higher interest rates and greater social inequality. Chapter Two, The Virtuous Circle, p. 75

„God gave me a physical defect, and I've accepted that since I'm a kid.“

— Jean Chrétien
Context: But last night, the Conservative Party reached a new low; they tried to make fun of the way I look. God gave me a physical defect, and I've accepted that since I'm a kid. It's true, that I speak on one side of my mouth. I'm not a Tory, I don't speak on both sides of my mouth. 1993, at a campaign stop, in response to the infamous attack ad that appeared to mock him and suggest he was unfit for the job of Prime Minister due to his Bell's Palsy condition. [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PikszBkfTHM Source video on YouTube]

„They may think that they are very smart about everything because they made millions of dollars by digging a hole in the ground and finding oil, but the talent and luck needed to become rich are not the same talent and luck needed to succeed on Parliament Hill.“

— Jean Chrétien
Context: I learned early that business is business and politics is politics. The proof is how few important businessmen have made good politicians. They may think that they are very smart about everything because they made millions of dollars by digging a hole in the ground and finding oil, but the talent and luck needed to become rich are not the same talent and luck needed to succeed on Parliament Hill. Chapter Four, The Politics Of Business, p. 91

„The public is moved by mood more than logic, by instinct more than reason,“

— Jean Chrétien
Context: A successful politician must not only be able to read the mood of the public, he must have the skill to get the public on his side. The public is moved by mood more than logic, by instinct more than reason, and that is something that every politician must make use of or guard against Chapter Three, The Business Of politics, p. 67

„The art of politics is learning to walk with your back to the wall,“

— Jean Chrétien
Context: The art of politics is learning to walk with your back to the wall, your elbows high, and a smile on your face. It's a survival game played under the glare of lights. Chapter Five, A Balancing Act, p. 118

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„Vision is not political rhetoric.“

— Jean Chrétien
Chapter Eleven, No the Retiring Type, p. 264

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