Frases de Jacques Derrida

Jacques Derrida foto
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Jacques Derrida

Data de nascimento: 15. Julho 1930
Data de falecimento: 9. Outubro 2004

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Jacques Derrida foi um filósofo franco-magrebino, que iniciou durante os anos 1960 a Desconstrução em filosofia. Esta "desconstrução", termo que cunhou, deverá aqui ser compreendido, tecnicamente, por um lado, à luz do que é conhecido como "intuicionismo" e "construcionismo"" no campo da metamatemática, na esteira da obra de Brouwer e depois Heyting, ao qual Derrida irá adicionar as devidas consequências dos teoremas da indecidibilidade de Kurt Gödel e, por outro, a um aprofundamento critico da obra de Husserl, Heidegger e Levinas na ultrapassagem da metafisica tradicional que ele vai apresentar como sendo uma "metafisica da presença".

Com uma obra imensa, a rondar os 100 títulos, ao qual se junta a edição em curso dos seus Seminários, é o filósofo mais traduzido no mundo, tendo exercido um profundo impacto nas mais diversas áreas das humanidades e ciências humanas, em especial nos campos da estética, teoria da literatura e filosofia do direito, e gerado debates decisivos com os pensadores mais importantes de sua época .

A sua figura é diversas vezes alvo de ataques polémicos, sobretudo por autores que se reclamam da tradição "analítica", pelas suas opções de escrita filosófica, em geral retomando opiniões expressas por John Searle nos media, aquando da sua polémica durante os anos 80. Refere-se várias vezes também nestas polémicas os nomes de Alan Sokal e Jean Bricmont, embora estes autores nunca o tenham tratado especificamente, tendo-o apenas referindo em entrevistas nos media, como parte do que identificam de forma difusa como "pensamento francês", o que não evitou que diversos jornalistas o tenham associado à polémica.

Depois de ter leccionado na Sorbonne e na École Normale Supérieure de Paris , J. Derrida foi Director de Estudos da École des Hautes Études em Sciences Sociales de Paris .

Derrida tornou-se desde finais dos anos 60, professor convidado das mais prestigiadas universidades europeias e norte-americanas . Foi-lhe igualmente outorgado o Doutoramento Honoris Causa por diversas universidades como a Universidade de Cambridge, Universidade de Columbia, The New School for Social Research, Universidade de Essex, Universidade de Leuven, Williams College,Universidade de Silesia, Universidade de Coimbra entre mais de uma outra dezena delas. Em 2002 foi nomeado para a Cátedra - Gadamer na Universidade de Heidelberg por designação expressa do próprio filósofo alemão. Foi membro estrangeiro honorário, desde 1985, da American Academy of Arts and Sciences e da Modern Language Association of America, assim como Presidente honorário do Parlement International de Écrivains.

Foi ainda membro fundador do Collége International de Philosophie de Paris, sendo o seu primeiro director eleito.

Citações Jacques Derrida

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„The time is out of joint. The world is going badly. It is worn but its wear no longer counts. Old age or youth-one no longer counts in that way. The world has more than one age. We lack the measure of the measure. We no longer realize the wear, we no longer take account of it as of a single age in the progress of history. Neither maturation, nor crisis, nor even agony. Something else. What is happening is happening to age itself, it strikes a blow at the teleological order of history. What is coming, in which the untimely appears, is happening to time but it does not happen in time. Contretemps. The time is out of joint.“

— Jacques Derrida
Context: The time is out of joint. The world is going badly. It is worn but its wear no longer counts. Old age or youth-one no longer counts in that way. The world has more than one age. We lack the measure of the measure. We no longer realize the wear, we no longer take account of it as of a single age in the progress of history. Neither maturation, nor crisis, nor even agony. Something else. What is happening is happening to age itself, it strikes a blow at the teleological order of history. What is coming, in which the untimely appears, is happening to time but it does not happen in time. Contretemps. The time is out of joint. Theatrical speech, Hamlet's speech before the theater of the world, of history, and of politics. The age is off its hinges. Everything, beginning with time, seems out of kilter, unjust, dis-adjusted. The world is going very badly, it wears as it grows, as the Painter also says at the beginning of Timon of Athens (which is Marx's play, is it not). For, this time, it is a painter's speech, as if he were speaking of a spectacle or before a tableau: "How goes the world?-It wears, sir, as it grows. Wear and Tears (tableu of a ageless world)

„The history of metaphysics, like the history of the West, is the history of these metaphors and metonymies. It’s matrix—If you will pardon me for demonstrating so little and for being elliptical in order to come more quickly to my principle theme—is the determination of Being as presence in all sense of this word.“

— Jacques Derrida
Context: The history of metaphysics, like the history of the West, is the history of these metaphors and metonymies. It’s matrix—If you will pardon me for demonstrating so little and for being elliptical in order to come more quickly to my principle theme—is the determination of Being as presence in all sense of this word. Structure, Sign and Play

„The age is off its hinges. Everything, beginning with time, seems out of kilter, unjust, dis-adjusted. The world is going very badly, it wears as it grows“

— Jacques Derrida
Context: The time is out of joint. The world is going badly. It is worn but its wear no longer counts. Old age or youth-one no longer counts in that way. The world has more than one age. We lack the measure of the measure. We no longer realize the wear, we no longer take account of it as of a single age in the progress of history. Neither maturation, nor crisis, nor even agony. Something else. What is happening is happening to age itself, it strikes a blow at the teleological order of history. What is coming, in which the untimely appears, is happening to time but it does not happen in time. Contretemps. The time is out of joint. Theatrical speech, Hamlet's speech before the theater of the world, of history, and of politics. The age is off its hinges. Everything, beginning with time, seems out of kilter, unjust, dis-adjusted. The world is going very badly, it wears as it grows, as the Painter also says at the beginning of Timon of Athens (which is Marx's play, is it not). For, this time, it is a painter's speech, as if he were speaking of a spectacle or before a tableau: "How goes the world?-It wears, sir, as it grows. Wear and Tears (tableu of a ageless world)

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„Monsters cannot be announced. One cannot say: 'here are our monsters', without immediately turning the monsters into pets.“

— Jacques Derrida
Some Statements and Truisms about Neologisms, Newisms, Postisms, Parasitisms, and other small Seismisms, The States of Theory, ed. David Carroll, New York: Columbia University Press, 1989.

„I speak only one language, and it is not my own.“

— Jacques Derrida, Monolingualism of the Other: or, The Prosthesis of Origin

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