Frases de Herbert Hoover

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Herbert Hoover

Data de nascimento: 10. Agosto 1874
Data de falecimento: 20. Outubro 1964
Outros nomes:Herbert Clark Hoover

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Herbert Clark Hoover foi o 31º presidente dos Estados Unidos entre 1929 e 1933. Hoover nasceu em uma família quaker e trabalhou como engenheiro de minas. Ele alcançou proeminência internacional por seus esforços humanitários na Bélgica e por servir como chefe da Administração de Alimentos dos EUA antes e durante a Primeira Guerra Mundial. Como secretário do comércio sob os presidentes Warren G. Harding e Calvin Coolidge, ele promoveu parcerias entre governo e negócios com o nome de "modernização econômica". Na eleição presidencial de 1928, Hoover facilmente venceu a indicação Republicana, mesmo nunca tendo sido eleito para um cargo público. Ele é o mais recente secretário membro do gabinete presidencial a ser eleito presidente dos Estados Unidos, e um de apenas dois presidentes a ser eleito sem experiência eleitoral ou alta patente militar. O país estava no auge de sua bolha econômica, o que facilitou sua grande vitória contra Al Smith, o candidato Democrata.

Hoover acreditava no Movimento de Eficiência, que afirmava que o governo e a econômia estavam cheios de ineficiência e desperdício, e apenas podiam ser melhorados por especialistas que entendiam os problemas e como resolvê-los. Ele também acreditava na importância do voluntarismo e no papel dos indivíduos na sociedade e econômia. Hoover, que adquiriu uma pequena fortuna com mineração, foi o primeiro de apenas dois presidentes a redistribuir seu salário . Quando a bolsa de Nova Iorque quebrou em 1929, oito meses depois do início de seu mandato, Hoover tentou combater a Grande Depressão com esforços governamentais, projetos públicos como a Represa Hoover, tarifas como a Smoot–Hawley, o aumento no suporte de imposto de 25% para 63% e aumentos nos impostos corporativos. Essas medidas não produziram uma recuperação econômica durante seu mandato, mas serviram de base para várias políticas do New Deal de Franklin D. Roosevelt. Depois de 1933, ele se tornou um porta-voz contra as políticas internas e externas do New Deal. Em 1947, o presidente Harry S. Truman o trouxe de volta para ajudá-lo a deixar a burocracia federal mais eficiente através da Comissão Hoover. O consenso entre os historiadores é de que sua derrota na eleição de 1932 se deu por ele não conseguir reverter o declínio econômico do país, apesar de seu apoio a lei seca ter sido um fator importante também. Hoover morreu em 1964 e foi enterrado em sua cidade natal, West Branch, Iowa.

Citações Herbert Hoover

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„Bureaucracy is ever desirous of spreading its influence and its power. You cannot extend the mastery of the government over the daily working life of a people without at the same time making it the master of the people's souls and thoughts.“

—  Herbert Hoover
Context: Bureaucracy is ever desirous of spreading its influence and its power. You cannot extend the mastery of the government over the daily working life of a people without at the same time making it the master of the people's souls and thoughts. Every expansion of government in business means that government in order to protect itself from the political consequences of its errors and wrongs is driven irresistibly without peace to greater and greater control of the nation's press and platform. Free speech does not live many hours after free industry and free commerce die.

„We in America today are nearer to the final triumph over poverty than ever before in the history of any land. The poorhouse is vanishing from among us. We have not yet reached the goal, but given a chance to go forward with the policies of the last eight years, and [sic] we shall soon with the help of God be in sight of the day when poverty will be banished from this Nation.“

—  Herbert Hoover
Context: One of the oldest and perhaps the noblest of human aspirations has been the abolition of poverty. By poverty I mean the grinding by undernourishment, cold and ignorance and fear of old age of those who have the will to work. We in America today are nearer to the final triumph over poverty than ever before in the history of any land. The poorhouse is vanishing from among us. We have not yet reached the goal, but given a chance to go forward with the policies of the last eight years, and [sic] we shall soon with the help of God be in sight of the day when poverty will be banished from this Nation. There is no guarantee against poverty equal to a job for every man. That is the primary purpose of the economic policies we advocate.

„You convey too great a compliment when you say that I have earned the right to the presidential nomination. No man can establish such an obligation upon any part of the American people. My country owes me no debt. It gave me, as it gives every boy and girl, a chance. It gave me schooling, independence of action, opportunity for service and honor.“

—  Herbert Hoover
Context: You convey too great a compliment when you say that I have earned the right to the presidential nomination. No man can establish such an obligation upon any part of the American people. My country owes me no debt. It gave me, as it gives every boy and girl, a chance. It gave me schooling, independence of action, opportunity for service and honor. In no other land could a boy from a country village, without inheritance or influential friends, look forward with unbounded hope. My whole life has taught me what America means. I am indebted to my country beyond any human power to repay. Letter to Senator George H. Moses, chairman of the Republican national convention, upon learning of his nomination for president (14 June 1928); reported in The Memoirs of Herbert Hoover (1952), volume 2, p. 195.

„Some may ask where all this may lead beyond mere material progress. It leads to a release of the energies of men and women from the dull drudgery of life to a wider vision and a higher hope. It leads to the opportunity for greater and greater service, not alone from man in our own land, but from our country to the whole world. It leads to an America, healthy in body, healthy in spirit, unfettered, youthful, eager — with a vision searching beyond the farthest horizons, with an open mind, sympathetic and generous.“

—  Herbert Hoover
Context: My conception of America is a land where men and women may walk in ordered freedom in the independent conduct of their occupations; where they may enjoy the advantages of wealth, not concentrated in the hands of the few but spread through the lives of all; where they build and safeguard their homes, and give to their children the fullest advantages and opportunities of American life; where every man shall be respected in the faith that his conscience and his heart direct him to follow; where a contented and happy people, secure in their liberties, free from poverty and fear, shall have the leisure and impulse to seek a fuller life. Some may ask where all this may lead beyond mere material progress. It leads to a release of the energies of men and women from the dull drudgery of life to a wider vision and a higher hope. It leads to the opportunity for greater and greater service, not alone from man in our own land, but from our country to the whole world. It leads to an America, healthy in body, healthy in spirit, unfettered, youthful, eager — with a vision searching beyond the farthest horizons, with an open mind, sympathetic and generous.

„Older men declare war. But it is youth that must fight and die.“

—  Herbert Hoover
Context: Older men declare war. But it is youth that must fight and die. And it is youth who must inherit the tribulation, the sorrow and the triumphs that are the aftermath of war. Speech in Chicago, Illinois to the 23rd Republican national convention (27 June 1944)

„The slogan of progress is changing from the full dinner pail to the full garage. Our people have more to eat, better things to wear, and better homes.“

—  Herbert Hoover
Context: Our people are steadily increasing their spending for higher standards of living. Today there are almost nine automobiles for each ten families, where seven and one-half years ago only enough automobiles were running to average less than four for each ten families. The slogan of progress is changing from the full dinner pail to the full garage. Our people have more to eat, better things to wear, and better homes.

„The thing I enjoyed most were visits from children. They did not want public office.“

—  Herbert Hoover
On his years in the White House, in On Growing Up: Letters to American Boys and Girls (1962)

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