Frases de Herbert Hoover

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Herbert Hoover

Data de nascimento: 10. Agosto 1874
Data de falecimento: 20. Outubro 1964
Outros nomes: Herbert Clark Hoover

Herbert Clark Hoover foi o 31º presidente dos Estados Unidos entre 1929 e 1933. Hoover nasceu em uma família quaker e trabalhou como engenheiro de minas. Ele alcançou proeminência internacional por seus esforços humanitários na Bélgica e por servir como chefe da Administração de Alimentos dos EUA antes e durante a Primeira Guerra Mundial. Como secretário do comércio sob os presidentes Warren G. Harding e Calvin Coolidge, ele promoveu parcerias entre governo e negócios com o nome de "modernização econômica". Na eleição presidencial de 1928, Hoover facilmente venceu a indicação Republicana, mesmo nunca tendo sido eleito para um cargo público. Ele é o mais recente secretário membro do gabinete presidencial a ser eleito presidente dos Estados Unidos, e um de apenas três presidentes a ser eleito sem experiência eleitoral ou alta patente militar. O país estava no auge de sua bolha econômica, o que facilitou sua grande vitória contra Al Smith, o candidato Democrata.Hoover acreditava no Movimento de Eficiência, que afirmava que o governo e a economia estavam cheios de ineficiência e desperdício, e apenas podiam ser melhorados por especialistas que entendiam os problemas e como resolvê-los. Ele também acreditava na importância do voluntarismo e no papel dos indivíduos na sociedade e economia. Hoover, que adquiriu uma pequena fortuna com mineração, foi o primeiro de apenas dois presidentes a redistribuir seu salário . Quando a bolsa de Nova Iorque quebrou em 1929, oito meses depois do início de seu mandato, Hoover tentou combater a Grande Depressão com esforços governamentais, projetos públicos como a Represa Hoover, tarifas como a Smoot–Hawley, também conhecida como Lei Smoot-Hawley , a Leis da Receita, de 1932, o aumento no suporte de imposto de 25% para 63% e aumentos nos impostos corporativos. Essas medidas não produziram uma recuperação econômica durante seu mandato, mas serviram de base para várias políticas do New Deal de Franklin D. Roosevelt. Foi candidato a reeleição em 1932, mas foi derrotado por Roosevelt e deixou a presidência no ano seguinte. Depois de 1933, ele se tornou um porta-voz contra as políticas internas e externas do New Deal. Em 1947, o presidente Harry S. Truman o trouxe de volta para ajudá-lo a deixar a burocracia federal mais eficiente através da Comissão Hoover. O consenso entre os historiadores é de que sua derrota na eleição de 1932 se deu por ele não conseguir reverter o declínio econômico do país, apesar de seu apoio a lei seca ter sido um fator importante também. Hoover morreu em 20 de outubro de 1964, aos 90 anos de idade. Foi enterrado na sua cidade natal, West Branch, Iowa. Wikipedia

Citações Herbert Hoover

„Quando há falta de honra do governo, a moral de todo o povo estará envenenada.“

—  Herbert Hoover

When there is a lack of honor in government, the morals of the whole people are poisoned.
Citado no New York Times (9 de agosto de 1964)

„Homens mais velhos declaram guerra. Mas é preciso lutar e jovens é que morrem. E é a juventude, que deve herdar a miséria, o sofrimento e os triunfos que são o rescaldo da guerra.“

—  Herbert Hoover

Older men declare war. But it is youth that must fight and die. And it is youth who must inherit the tribulation, the sorrow and the triumphs that are the aftermath of war.
Discurso em Chicago, Illinois na 23a Convenção Nacional Republicana (27 de Junho de 1944)

„Você transmite um elogio muito grande quando você diz que ganhei o direito à nomeação presidencial. Nenhum homem pode estabelecer uma obrigação desse tipo em qualquer parte do povo americano. Meu país não tem nenhuma dívida para mim. Deu-me, uma vez que dá a cada menino e menina, uma chance. Ele me deu escolaridade, a independência de acção, oportunidade para o serviço e honra. Em nenhuma outra terra poderia um garoto de uma aldeia rural, sem herança ou amigos influentes, olhar adiante com esperança ilimitada. Toda a minha vida me ensinou o que significa a América. Estou endividado ao meu país para além do qualquer poder humano possa restituir.“

—  Herbert Hoover

You convey too great a compliment when you say that I have earned the right to the presidential nomination. No man can establish such an obligation upon any part of the American people. My country owes me no debt. It gave me, as it gives every boy and girl, a chance. It gave me schooling, independence of action, opportunity for service and honor. In no other land could a boy from a country village, without inheritance or influential friends, look forward with unbounded hope. My whole life has taught me what America means. I am indebted to my country beyond any human power to repay.
Carta ao senador George H. Moses, presidente da convenção republicana nacional, mediante conhecimento da sua nomeação para presidente (14 de junho de 1928)

„Sendo um político é uma profissão pobre. Sendo um funcionário público é um nobre.“

—  Herbert Hoover

Being a politician is a poor profession. Being a public servant is a noble one.
On Growing Up: Letters to American Boys & Girls (Em crescer: Cartas para meninos & meninas americanos) (1962); também citado por Herbert Hoover em Growing Up: Letters from and to American Children (1990) editado por Timothy Walch

„Honra não é propriedade exclusiva de qualquer partido político.“

—  Herbert Hoover

Honor is not the exclusive property of any political party.
citado em Christian Science Monitor (Monitor de Ciência Cristã) (21 de maio de 1964)

„Bureaucracy is ever desirous of spreading its influence and its power. You cannot extend the mastery of the government over the daily working life of a people without at the same time making it the master of the people's souls and thoughts.“

—  Herbert Hoover

The New Day: Campaign Speeches of Herbert Hoover (1928), Campaign speech in New York (22 October 1928)
Contexto: Bureaucracy is ever desirous of spreading its influence and its power. You cannot extend the mastery of the government over the daily working life of a people without at the same time making it the master of the people's souls and thoughts. Every expansion of government in business means that government in order to protect itself from the political consequences of its errors and wrongs is driven irresistibly without peace to greater and greater control of the nation's press and platform. Free speech does not live many hours after free industry and free commerce die.

„We in America today are nearer to the final triumph over poverty than ever before in the history of any land. The poorhouse is vanishing from among us. We have not yet reached the goal, but given a chance to go forward with the policies of the last eight years, and [sic] we shall soon with the help of God be in sight of the day when poverty will be banished from this Nation.“

—  Herbert Hoover

The New Day: Campaign Speeches of Herbert Hoover (1928), Speech accepting the Republican Party Presidential nomination, Stanford University (11 August 1928)
Contexto: One of the oldest and perhaps the noblest of human aspirations has been the abolition of poverty. By poverty I mean the grinding by undernourishment, cold and ignorance and fear of old age of those who have the will to work. We in America today are nearer to the final triumph over poverty than ever before in the history of any land. The poorhouse is vanishing from among us. We have not yet reached the goal, but given a chance to go forward with the policies of the last eight years, and [sic] we shall soon with the help of God be in sight of the day when poverty will be banished from this Nation. There is no guarantee against poverty equal to a job for every man. That is the primary purpose of the economic policies we advocate.

„The slogan of progress is changing from the full dinner pail to the full garage. Our people have more to eat, better things to wear, and better homes.“

—  Herbert Hoover

The New Day: Campaign Speeches of Herbert Hoover (1928), Campaign speech in New York (22 October 1928)
Contexto: Our people are steadily increasing their spending for higher standards of living. Today there are almost nine automobiles for each ten families, where seven and one-half years ago only enough automobiles were running to average less than four for each ten families. The slogan of progress is changing from the full dinner pail to the full garage. Our people have more to eat, better things to wear, and better homes.

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„You convey too great a compliment when you say that I have earned the right to the presidential nomination. No man can establish such an obligation upon any part of the American people. My country owes me no debt. It gave me, as it gives every boy and girl, a chance. It gave me schooling, independence of action, opportunity for service and honor.“

—  Herbert Hoover

Letter to Senator George H. Moses, chairman of the Republican national convention, upon learning of his nomination for president (14 June 1928); reported in The Memoirs of Herbert Hoover (1952), volume 2, p. 195.
Contexto: You convey too great a compliment when you say that I have earned the right to the presidential nomination. No man can establish such an obligation upon any part of the American people. My country owes me no debt. It gave me, as it gives every boy and girl, a chance. It gave me schooling, independence of action, opportunity for service and honor. In no other land could a boy from a country village, without inheritance or influential friends, look forward with unbounded hope. My whole life has taught me what America means. I am indebted to my country beyond any human power to repay.

„Older men declare war. But it is youth that must fight and die.“

—  Herbert Hoover

Speech in Chicago, Illinois to the 23rd Republican national convention (27 June 1944)
Contexto: Older men declare war. But it is youth that must fight and die. And it is youth who must inherit the tribulation, the sorrow and the triumphs that are the aftermath of war.

„Some may ask where all this may lead beyond mere material progress. It leads to a release of the energies of men and women from the dull drudgery of life to a wider vision and a higher hope. It leads to the opportunity for greater and greater service, not alone from man in our own land, but from our country to the whole world. It leads to an America, healthy in body, healthy in spirit, unfettered, youthful, eager — with a vision searching beyond the farthest horizons, with an open mind, sympathetic and generous.“

—  Herbert Hoover

The New Day: Campaign Speeches of Herbert Hoover (1928), Campaign speech in New York (22 October 1928)
Contexto: My conception of America is a land where men and women may walk in ordered freedom in the independent conduct of their occupations; where they may enjoy the advantages of wealth, not concentrated in the hands of the few but spread through the lives of all; where they build and safeguard their homes, and give to their children the fullest advantages and opportunities of American life; where every man shall be respected in the faith that his conscience and his heart direct him to follow; where a contented and happy people, secure in their liberties, free from poverty and fear, shall have the leisure and impulse to seek a fuller life.
Some may ask where all this may lead beyond mere material progress. It leads to a release of the energies of men and women from the dull drudgery of life to a wider vision and a higher hope. It leads to the opportunity for greater and greater service, not alone from man in our own land, but from our country to the whole world. It leads to an America, healthy in body, healthy in spirit, unfettered, youthful, eager — with a vision searching beyond the farthest horizons, with an open mind, sympathetic and generous.

„[Engineering] is a great profession. There is the fascination of watching a figment of the imagination emerge through the aid of science to a plan on paper. Then it moves to realization in stone or metal or energy. Then it brings jobs and homes to men. Then it elevates the standards of living and adds to the comforts of life. That is the engineer’s high privilege.

The great liability of the engineer compared to men of other professions is that his works are out in the open where all can see them. His acts, step by step, are in hard substance. He cannot bury his mistakes in the grave like the doctors. He cannot argue them into thin air or blame the judge like the lawyers. He cannot, like the architects, cover his failures with trees and vines. He cannot, like the politicians, screen his shortcomings by blaming his opponents and hope that the people will forget. The engineer simply cannot deny that he did it. If his works do not work, he is damned. That is the phantasmagoria that haunts his nights and dogs his days. He comes from the job at the end of the day resolved to calculate it again. He wakes in the night in a cold sweat and puts something on paper that looks silly in the morning. All day he shivers at the thought of the bugs which will inevitably appear to jolt its smooth consummation.

On the other hand, unlike the doctor his is not a life among the weak. Unlike the soldier, destruction is not his purpose. Unlike the lawyer, quarrels are not his daily bread. To the engineer falls the job of clothing the bare bones of science with life, comfort, and hope. No doubt as years go by people forget which engineer did it, even if they ever knew. Or some politician puts his name on it. Or they credit it to some promoter who used other people’s money with which to finance it. But the engineer himself looks back at the unending stream of goodness which flows from his successes with satisfactions that few professions may know. And the verdict of his fellow professionals is all the accolades he wants.“

—  Herbert Hoover

Excerpted from Chapter 11 "The Profession of Engineering"
The Memoirs of Herbert Hoover: Years of Adventure, 1874-1929 (1951)

„I see no reason why such a body should have any power that leads to supergovernment, or that in any way minimizes the very essential principle of nationalism upon which our patriotism and progress is founded.“

—  Herbert Hoover

Comment about the League of Nations in 1922 Herbert Hoover and Economic Diplomacy: Department of Commerce Policy, 1921-1928 https://books.google.com/books?id=rinywBbGac4C&pg=PA27

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