Frases de Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz

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Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz

Data de nascimento: 1. Julho 1646
Data de falecimento: 14. Novembro 1716

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Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz foi um filósofo, cientista, matemático, diplomata e bibliotecário alemão.

O uso de "função" como um termo matemático foi iniciado por Leibniz, numa carta de 1694, para designar uma quantidade relacionada a uma curva, tal como a sua inclinação em um ponto específico. É creditado a Leibniz e a Newton o desenvolvimento do cálculo moderno, em particular o desenvolvimento da integral e da regra do produto. Descreveu o primeiro sistema de numeração binário moderno , tal como o sistema numérico binário utilizado nos dias de hoje. Demonstrou genialidade também nos campos da lei, religião, política, história, literatura, lógica, metafísica e filosofia.

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Discourse on Metaphysics
Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz

Citações Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz

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„Now, as there is an infinity of possible universes in the Ideas of God, and as only one of them can exist, there must be a sufficient reason for God's choice, which determines him toward one rather than another. And this reason can be found only in the fitness, or the degrees of perfection, that these worlds contain, since each possible thing has the right to claim existence in proportion to the perfection it involves.“

—  Gottfried Leibniz
The Monadology (1714), Or, comme il y a une infinité d'univers possibles dans les idées de Dieu, et qu'il n'en peut exister qu'un seul, il faut qu'il y ait une raison suffisante du choix de Dieu qui le détermine à l'un plutôt qu'à l'autre. Et cette raison ne peut se trouver que dans la convenance, dans les degrés de perfection que ces mondes contiennent, chaque possible ayant droit de prétendre à l'existence à mesure de la perfection qu'il enveloppe. La monadologie (53 & 54).

„My philosophical views approach somewhat closely those of the late Countess of Conway“

—  Gottfried Leibniz
Context: My philosophical views approach somewhat closely those of the late Countess of Conway, and hold a middle position between Plato and Democritus, because I hold that all things take place mechanically as Democritus and Descartes contend against the views of Henry More and his followers, and hold too, nevertheless, that everything takes place according to a living principle and according to final causes — all things are full of life and consciousness, contrary to the views of the Atomists. Letter to Thomas Burnet (1697), as quoted in Platonism, Aristotelianism and Cabalism in the Philosophy of Leibniz (1938) by Joseph Politella, p. 18

„Thus it is in a simple substance, and not in a compound or in a machine, that perception must be sought for.“

—  Gottfried Leibniz
The Monadology (1714), Context: Moreover, it must be confessed that perception and that which depends upon it are inexplicable on mechanical grounds, that is to say, by means of figures and motions. And supposing there were a machine, so constructed as to think, feel, and have perception, it might be conceived as increased in size, while keeping the same proportions, so that one might go into it as into a mill. That being so, we should, on examining its interior, find only parts which work one upon another, and never anything by which to explain a perception. Thus it is in a simple substance, and not in a compound or in a machine, that perception must be sought for. La monadologie (17).

„Moreover, it must be confessed that perception and that which depends upon it are inexplicable on mechanical grounds, that is to say, by means of figures and motions.“

—  Gottfried Leibniz
The Monadology (1714), Context: Moreover, it must be confessed that perception and that which depends upon it are inexplicable on mechanical grounds, that is to say, by means of figures and motions. And supposing there were a machine, so constructed as to think, feel, and have perception, it might be conceived as increased in size, while keeping the same proportions, so that one might go into it as into a mill. That being so, we should, on examining its interior, find only parts which work one upon another, and never anything by which to explain a perception. Thus it is in a simple substance, and not in a compound or in a machine, that perception must be sought for. La monadologie (17).

„TO LOVE is to find pleasure in the happiness of others.“

—  Gottfried Leibniz
Context: TO LOVE is to find pleasure in the happiness of others. Thus the habit of loving someone is nothing other than BENEVOLENCE by which we want the good of others, not for the profit that we gain from it, but because it is agreeable to us in itself. CHARITY is a general benevolence. And JUSTICE is charity in accordance with wisdom. … so that one does not do harm to someone without necessity, and that one does as much good as one can, but especially where it is best employed. "A Dialogue" (after 1695), as quoted in The Shorter Leibniz Texts (2006) http://books.google.com/books?id=oFoCY3xJ8nkC&dq edited by Lloyd H. Strickland, p. 170

„Everything that is possible demands to exist.“

—  Gottfried Leibniz
Omne possibile exigit existere. De veritatibus primis (1686)

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„Nature does not make leaps.“

—  Gottfried Leibniz
La nature ne fait jamais des sauts. Avant-propos to Nouveaux essais sur l'entendement humain (1704). A later, more famous Latin version — "Natura non facit saltus" — is from the Philosophia Botanica (1751) by Linnaeus. A variant translation is "natura non saltum facit" (literally, "Nature does not make a jump") ([Ökonomische Theorie und christlicher Glaube, Andrew, Britton, Peter H., Sedgwick, Burghard, Bock, LIT Verlag Münster, 2008, 978-3-8258-0162-5, 289, https://books.google.com/books?id=goW6JsEUz4EC] Extract of page 289 https://books.google.com/books?id=goW6JsEUz4EC&pg=PA289).

„And as every present state of a simple substance is naturally a consequence of its preceding state, so its present is pregnant with its future.“

—  Gottfried Leibniz
The Monadology (1714), Et comme tout présent état d'une substance simple est naturellement une suite de son état précédent, tellement, que le présent y est gros de l'avenir. La monadologie (22).

„I am convinced that the unwritten knowledge scattered among men of different callings surpasses in quantity and in importance anything we find in books, and that the greater part of our wealth has yet to be recorded.“

—  Gottfried Leibniz
Pour ce qui est des connaissances non-écrites qui se trouvent dispersées parmi les hommes de différents professions, je suis persuadé qu’ils passent de beaucoup tant à l'égard de la multitude que de l'importance, tout ce qui se trouve marqué dans les livres, et que la meilleure partie de notre trésor n'est pas encore enregistrée. Discours touchant la méthode de la certitude et de l'art d'inventer pour finir les disputes et pour faire en peu de temps de grands progrès (1688–1690)

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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