Frases de George Joseph Stigler

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George Joseph Stigler

Data de nascimento: 17. Janeiro 1911
Data de falecimento: 1. Dezembro 1991

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George Joseph Stigler foi um economista estadunidense.

Foi laureado com o Prémio de Ciências Económicas em Memória de Alfred Nobel de 1982.

Citações George Joseph Stigler

„The state --the machinery and power of the state-- is a potential resource or threat to every industry in the society. With its power to prohibit or compel, to take or give money, the state can and does selectively help or hurt a vast number of industries.“

— George Stigler
Context: The state --the machinery and power of the state-- is a potential resource or threat to every industry in the society. With its power to prohibit or compel, to take or give money, the state can and does selectively help or hurt a vast number of industries. That political juggernaut, the petroleum industry, is an immense consumer of political benefits, and simultaneously the underwriters of marine insurance have their more modest repast. The central tasks of the theory of economic regulation are to explain who will receive the benefits or burdens of regulation, what form regulation will take, and the effects of regulation upon the allocation of resources. p. 3; Lead paragraph

„Regulation may be actively sought by an industry, or it may be thrust upon it.“

— George Stigler
Context: Regulation may be actively sought by an industry, or it may be thrust upon it. A central thesis of this paper is that, as a rule, regulation is acquired by the industry and is designed and operated primarily for its benefit. There are regulations whose net effects upon the regulated industry are undeniably onerous; a simple example is the differentially heavy taxation of the industry's product (whiskey, playing cards). These onerous regulations, however, are exceptional and can be explained by the same theory that explains beneficial (we may call it "acquired") regulation. p. 3

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