Frases de Daniel Kahneman

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Daniel Kahneman

Data de nascimento: 5. Março 1934
Outros nomes: Даніэль Канеман, دنیل کانمن

Daniel Kahneman é um teórico da economia comportamental, a qual combina a economia com a ciência cognitiva para explicar o comportamento aparentemente irracional da gestão do risco pelos seres humanos.

É conhecido por sua colaboração com Amos Tversky e outros, estabelecendo uma base cognitiva para os erros humanos comuns, usando a heurística e desenvolvendo a "prospect theory".

Kahneman viveu sua infância em Paris, França e regressou para Israel em 1946. Obteve licenciatura em matemática e psicologia na Universidade Hebraica de Jerusalém em 1954, após o qual serviu nas forças de defesa israelitas, principalmente no seu departamento de psicologia. Em 1958 foi para os Estados Unidos, obtendo um doutorado em psicologia pela Universidade da Califórnia em Berkeley em 1961.

Atualmente é professor da Universidade de Princeton e um membro da Universidade Hebraica. Foi laureado em 2002 com o Prémio do Banco da Suécia em Ciências Económicas em memória de Alfred Nobel , apesar de ser um psicólogo, muitas vezes é considerado um economista . De facto, Kahneman nunca fez qualquer cadeira em economia, afirmando que aquilo que sabe sobre o assunto foi o que ele e Tversky aprenderam com colaboradores como Richard Thaler e Jack Knetsch.

Citações Daniel Kahneman

„People who make a difference do not die alone. Something dies in everyone who was affected by them.“

—  Daniel Kahneman
Context: People who make a difference do not die alone. Something dies in everyone who was affected by them. Amos made a great deal of difference, and when he died, life was dimmed and diminished for many of us. There is less intelligence in the world. There is less wit. There are many questions that will never be answered with the same inimitable combination of depth and clarity. There are standards that will not be defended with the same mix of principle and good sense. Life has become poorer. There is a large Amos-shaped gap in the mosaic, and it will not be filled. It cannot be filled because Amos shaped his own place in the world, he shaped his life, and even his dying. And in shaping his life and his world, he changed the world and the life of many around him. About the death of his long-time collaborator Amos Tversky on 5 June 1996. Nobel Prize Autobiographical Information http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/economic-sciences/laureates/2002/kahneman-bio.html (2002).

„Nothing in life is as important as you think it is when you are thinking about it.“

—  Daniel Kahneman, livro Thinking, Fast and Slow
Thinking, Fast and Slow (2011), Chapter 38, "Thinking about life", page 402 (ISBN 9780141033570).

„Our comforting conviction that the world makes sense rests on a secure foundation: our almost unlimited ability to ignore our ignorance.“

—  Daniel Kahneman, livro Thinking, Fast and Slow
Thinking, Fast and Slow (2011), Chapter 19, "The illusion of understanding", page 201 (ISBN 9780141033570).

„Intelligence is not only the ability to reason; it is also the ability to find relevant material in memory and to deploy attention when needed.“

—  Daniel Kahneman, livro Thinking, Fast and Slow
Thinking, Fast and Slow (2011), Chapter 3, "The lazy controller", page 46 (ISBN 9780141033570).

„Money does not buy you happiness, but lack of money certainly buys you misery.“

—  Daniel Kahneman, Well-Being: Foundations of Hedonic Psychology: Foundations of Hedonic Psychology

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„I am my remembering self, and the experiencing self, who does my living, is like a stranger to me.“

—  Daniel Kahneman, livro Thinking, Fast and Slow
"Bias, Blindness and How We Truly Think" (2011), Context: An experiment about your next vacation will allow you to observe your attitude to your experiencing self: At the end of the vacation, all pictures and videos will be destroyed. Furthermore, you will swallow a potion that will wipe out all your memories of the vacation. How would this affect your vacation plans? How much would you be willing to pay for it, relative to a normally memorable vacation? My impression is that the elimination of memories greatly reduces the value of the experience.Imagine a painful operation during which you will scream in pain and beg the surgeon to stop. However, you are promised an amnesia-inducing drug that will wipe out any memory of the episode. Here again, my observation is that most people are remarkably indifferent to the pains of their experiencing self. Some say they don’t care at all. Others share my feeling, which is that I feel pity for my suffering self but not more than I would feel for a stranger in pain.I am my remembering self, and the experiencing self, who does my living, is like a stranger to me.

„A reliable way to make people believe in falsehoods is frequent repetition, because familiarity is not easily distinguished from truth.“

—  Daniel Kahneman, livro Thinking, Fast and Slow
Thinking, Fast and Slow (2011), Chapter 5, "Cognitive ease", page 62 (ISBN 9780141033570).

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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