Frases de Donald Rumsfeld

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Donald Rumsfeld

Data de nascimento: 9. Julho 1932

Donald Henry Rumsfeld é um empresário e político norte-americano. Ele serviu como o 13º Secretário de Defesa dos Estados Unidos de 1975 a 1977 durante a presidência de Gerald Ford, e também como o 21º Secretário entre 2001 e 2006 sob o presidente George W. Bush. Além disso, Rumsfeld serviu quatro mandatos na Câmara dos Representantes pelo estado de Illinois de 1963 até 1969, foi diretor do Escritório de Oportunidades Econômicas entre 1969 e 1970, representante norte-americano na OTAN de 1973 a 1974 e Chefe de Gabinete da Casa Branca de 1974 a 1975.

Rumsfeld estudou na Universidade de Princeton, se formando em 1954 em ciência política. Ele serviu na marinha por três anos e então fez campanha para deputado federal por Illinois, vencendo em 1963 aos trinta anos de idade. Na Câmara dos Representantes, foi um dos patrocinadores do Ato de Liberdade de Informação. Rumsfeld aceitou relutantemente em 1969 a nomeação do presidente Richard Nixon para ser o diretor do Escritório de Oportunidades Econômicas. Depois disso ele foi nomeado representante dos Estados Unidos na OTAN. Em 1974 foi chamado de volta para Washington, D.C. a fim de ocupar o cargo de Chefe de Gabinete de Gerald Ford, pedindo para o presidente vetar uma expansão do seu Ato de Liberdade de Informação. Rumsfeld foi então nomeado por Ford como Secretário de Defesa.

Ford perdeu as eleições de 1976 e Rumsfeld voltou para a vida particular, sendo nomeado presidente da corporação farmacêutica G. D. Searle & Company, tempo em que conseguiu a legalização do aspartame. Posteriormente foi nomeado presidente da General Instrument de 1990 a 1993, e da Gilead Sciences entre 1997 e 2001.

Rumsfeld foi recomendado no final de 2000 pelo vice-presidente Dick Cheney para a posição de Secretário de Defesa, sendo nomeado em janeiro pelo presidente George W. Bush. Durante seu mandato ele foi uma voz neoconservadora, neoliberal e um dos principais responsáveis por reestruturar as forças armadas no século XXI. Rumsfeld foi crucial ao planejar a resposta dos Estados Unidos aos ataques de 11 de setembro de 2001, incluindo duas guerras: a do Afeganistão e a do Iraque. Além das estratégias de guerra, seu período no cargo tornou-se controverso pelos escândalos de tortura e abuso de prisioneiros na Prisão de Abu Ghraib, Iraque. Rumsfeld foi gradualmente perdendo seu apoio político enquanto as guerras continuavam sem fim, com ele renunciando do cargo no final de 2006.

Citações Donald Rumsfeld

„Reports that say that something hasn't happened are always interesting to me, because as we know, there are known knowns; there are things we know we know. We also know there are known unknowns; that is to say we know there are some things we do not know. But there are also unknown unknowns — the ones we don't know we don't know. And if one looks throughout the history of our country and other free countries, it is the latter category that tend to be the difficult ones.
The absence of evidence is not evidence of absence, or vice versa.“

—  Donald Rumsfeld

Department of Defense news briefing (12 February 2002)
Variant:
Now what is the message there? The message is that there are no "knowns." There are things we know that we know. There are known unknowns. That is to say there are things that we now know we don't know. But there are also unknown unknowns. There are things we do not know we don't know. So when we do the best we can and we pull all this information together, and we then say well that's basically what we see as the situation, that is really only the known knowns and the known unknowns. And each year, we discover a few more of those unknown unknowns.
:It sounds like a riddle. It isn't a riddle. It is a very serious, important matter.
:There's another way to phrase that and that is that the absence of evidence is not evidence of absence. It is basically saying the same thing in a different way. Simply because you do not have evidence that something exists does not mean that you have evidence that it doesn't exist. And yet almost always, when we make our threat assessments, when we look at the world, we end up basing it on the first two pieces of that puzzle, rather than all three.
:* Extending on his earlier comments in a press conference at NATO Headquarters, Brussels, Belgium (6 June 2002) http://www.nato.int/docu/speech/2002/s020606g.htm
2000s

„We know where they [Iraq's WMD] are. They're in the area around Tikrit and Baghdad and east, west, south, and north somewhat….“

—  Donald Rumsfeld

Interview with George Stephanopoulos on ABC News This Week, March 30, 2003
Contexto: We know where they [Iraq's WMD] are. They're in the area around Tikrit and Baghdad and east, west, south, and north somewhat.... I would also add, we saw from the air that there were dozens of trucks that went into that facility after the existence of it became public in the press and they moved things out. They dispersed them and took them away. So there may be nothing left. I don't know that. But it's way too soon to know. The exploitation is just starting.

„It is pretty clear that the coalition can win in Afghanistan and Iraq in one way or another, but it will be a long, hard slog.“

—  Donald Rumsfeld

http://www.cnn.com/2003/WORLD/meast/10/22/sprj.irq.main/index.html
referring to the ongoing War on Terrorism
2000s

„Then there are three or four countries that have said they won't do anything. I believe Libya, Cuba and Germany are ones that have indicated they won't help in any respect.“

—  Donald Rumsfeld

"Threats And Responses: Germany; Rumsfeld Faces Tense Greeting and Antiwar Rallies in Munich" by Thom Shanker, in The New York Times (8 February 2003) http://www.nytimes.com/2003/02/08/world/threats-responses-germany-rumsfeld-faces-tense-greeting-antiwar-rallies-munich.html
2000s

„The natural state of man is to want to be free. To have opportunities. To have choices.“

—  Donald Rumsfeld

On Arab Spring, Rumsfeld, that he wasn't surprised by popular uprisings of Libya, Egypt, and Tunisia. http://edition.cnn.com/2011/POLITICS/03/08/rumsfeld.interview/index.html March 9, 2011.
2010s

„You and a few other critics are the only people I've heard use the phrase immediate threat. I didn't, the president didn't. And it's become kind of folklore that that's what's happened.“

—  Donald Rumsfeld

CBS Face the Nation (14 March 2004) http://www.defenselink.mil/transcripts/2004/tr20040314-secdef0542.html; in response Thomas Friedman quoted his previous statement from a hearing before the House Armed Services Committee (10 September 2002) http://www.iraqwatch.org/government/US/HearingsPreparedstatements/hasc-091802.htm:
:: But no terrorist state poses a greater or more immediate threat to the security of our people and the stability of the world than the regime of Saddam Hussein in Iraq.
2000s

„I can't tell you if the use of force in Iraq today would last five days, or five weeks, or five months, but it certainly isn't going to last any longer than that.“

—  Donald Rumsfeld

Interview with Steve Croft, Infinity CBS Radio Connect (14 November 2002) https://web.archive.org/web/20031217182208/http://www.defenselink.mil/transcripts/2002/t11152002_t1114rum.html
2000s

„As you know, you go to war with the army you have, not the army you might want or wish to have at a later time. Since the Iraq conflict began, the Army has been pressing ahead to produce the armor necessary at a rate that they believe -- it's a greatly expanded rate from what existed previously, but a rate that they believe is the rate that is all that can be accomplished at this moment.“

—  Donald Rumsfeld

[Troops put Rumsfeld in the hot seat, http://www.cnn.com/2004/US/12/08/rumsfeld.kuwait/index.html, 2006-04-07, 2004-12-08, CNN]
Responding to the question "Now why do we soldiers have to dig through local landfills for pieces of scrap metal and compromised ballistic glass to up armor our vehicles, and why don't we have those resources readily available to us?"
2000s

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„I suppose the implication of that is the president and the vice president and myself and Colin Powell just fell off a turnip truck to take these jobs.“

—  Donald Rumsfeld

In response to Jeffrey Goldberg's question to comment on accusations that the "Jewish lobby" maneuvered the administration into war. The New Republic, October 8, 2007. http://www.tnr.com/toc/story.html?id=523b5134-8643-4f5e-a314-ac9b8a786b16&p=13
2000s

„It recalls to mind the statement by Winston Churchill, something to the effect that: I have benefited greatly from criticism, and at no time have I suffered a lack thereof.“

—  Donald Rumsfeld

http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/11/08/AR2006110801579.html?nav=rss_politics
During the Nomination of Robert Gates for the next U.S. Secretary of Defense, November 8, 2006
2000s

„I'm not into this detail stuff. I'm more concepty.“

—  Donald Rumsfeld

Interview with the Washington Post (9 January 2002) http://www.defenselink.mil/transcripts/2002/t02052002_t0109wp.html
2000s

„Be able to resign. It will improve your value to the President and do wonders for your performance.“

—  Donald Rumsfeld

"Rumsfeld's Rules" January 12, 1974 http://library.villanova.edu/vbl/bweb/rumsfeldsrules.pdf
1970s

„Let's hear it for the essential daily briefing, however hollow and empty it might be. We'll do it.“

—  Donald Rumsfeld

Meeting with Media Pool Bureau Chiefs October 18, 2001 http://www.defenselink.mil/transcripts/2001/t10192001_t1018bc.html
2000s

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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