Frases de Donald Rumsfeld

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Donald Rumsfeld

Data de nascimento: 9. Julho 1932

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Donald Henry Rumsfeld é um empresário e político norte-americano. Ele serviu como o 13º Secretário de Defesa dos Estados Unidos de 1975 a 1977 durante a presidência de Gerald Ford, e também como o 21º Secretário entre 2001 e 2006 sob o presidente George W. Bush. Além disso, Rumsfeld serviu quatro mandatos na Câmara dos Representantes pelo estado de Illinois de 1963 até 1969, foi diretor do Escritório de Oportunidades Econômicas entre 1969 e 1970, representante norte-americano na OTAN de 1973 a 1974 e Chefe de Gabinete da Casa Branca de 1974 a 1975.

Rumsfeld estudou na Universidade de Princeton, se formando em 1954 em ciência política. Ele serviu na marinha por três anos e então fez campanha para deputado federal por Illinois, vencendo em 1963 aos trinta anos de idade. Na Câmara dos Representantes, foi um dos patrocinadores do Ato de Liberdade de Informação. Rumsfeld aceitou relutantemente em 1969 a nomeação do presidente Richard Nixon para ser o diretor do Escritório de Oportunidades Econômicas. Depois disso ele foi nomeado representante dos Estados Unidos na OTAN. Em 1974 foi chamado de volta para Washington, D.C. a fim de ocupar o cargo de Chefe de Gabinete de Gerald Ford, pedindo para o presidente vetar uma expansão do seu Ato de Liberdade de Informação. Rumsfeld foi então nomeado por Ford como Secretário de Defesa.

Ford perdeu as eleições de 1976 e Rumsfeld voltou para a vida particular, sendo nomeado presidente da corporação farmacêutica G. D. Searle & Company, tempo em que conseguiu a legalização do aspartame. Posteriormente foi nomeado presidente da General Instrument de 1990 a 1993, e da Gilead Sciences entre 1997 e 2001.

Rumsfeld foi recomendado no final de 2000 pelo vice-presidente Dick Cheney para a posição de Secretário de Defesa, sendo nomeado em janeiro pelo presidente George W. Bush. Durante seu mandato ele foi uma voz neoconservadora, neoliberal e um dos principais responsáveis por reestruturar as forças armadas no século XXI. Rumsfeld foi crucial ao planejar a resposta dos Estados Unidos aos ataques de 11 de setembro de 2001, incluindo duas guerras: a do Afeganistão e a do Iraque. Além das estratégias de guerra, seu período no cargo tornou-se controverso pelos escândalos de tortura e abuso de prisioneiros na Prisão de Abu Ghraib, Iraque. Rumsfeld foi gradualmente perdendo seu apoio político enquanto as guerras continuavam sem fim, com ele renunciando do cargo no final de 2006.

Citações Donald Rumsfeld

„It is pretty clear that the coalition can win in Afghanistan and Iraq in one way or another, but it will be a long, hard slog.“

— Donald Rumsfeld
Context: It is pretty clear that the coalition can win in Afghanistan and Iraq in one way or another, but it will be a long, hard slog. [http://www. cnn. com/2003/WORLD/meast/10/22/sprj. irq. main/index. html] referring to the ongoing War on Terrorism

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„We know where they [Iraq's WMD] are. They're in the area around Tikrit and Baghdad and east, west, south, and north somewhat....“

— Donald Rumsfeld
Context: We know where they [Iraq's WMD] are. They're in the area around Tikrit and Baghdad and east, west, south, and north somewhat.... I would also add, we saw from the air that there were dozens of trucks that went into that facility after the existence of it became public in the press and they moved things out. They dispersed them and took them away. So there may be nothing left. I don't know that. But it's way too soon to know. The exploitation is just starting. Interview with George Stephanopoulos on ABC News This Week, March 30, 2003

„Reports that say that something hasn't happened are always interesting to me, because as we know, there are known knowns; there are things we know we know. We also know there are known unknowns; that is to say we know there are some things we do not know. But there are also unknown unknowns — the ones we don't know we don't know. And if one looks throughout the history of our country and other free countries, it is the latter category that tend to be the difficult ones.
The absence of evidence is not evidence of absence, or vice versa.“

— Donald Rumsfeld
Department of Defense news briefing (12 February 2002)<!-- DEAD LINK --> Variant: Now what is the message there? The message is that there are no "knowns." There are things we know that we know. There are known unknowns. That is to say there are things that we now know we don't know. But there are also unknown unknowns. There are things we do not know we don't know. So when we do the best we can and we pull all this information together, and we then say well that's basically what we see as the situation, that is really only the known knowns and the known unknowns. And each year, we discover a few more of those unknown unknowns. :It sounds like a riddle. It isn't a riddle. It is a very serious, important matter. :There's another way to phrase that and that is that the absence of evidence is not evidence of absence. It is basically saying the same thing in a different way. Simply because you do not have evidence that something exists does not mean that you have evidence that it doesn't exist. And yet almost always, when we make our threat assessments, when we look at the world, we end up basing it on the first two pieces of that puzzle, rather than all three. :* Extending on his earlier comments in a [http://www.nato.int/docu/speech/2002/s020606g.htm press conference at NATO Headquarters, Brussels, Belgium (6 June 2002)]

„I stand for 8-10 hours a day. Why is standing limited to four hours?“

— Donald Rumsfeld
Written on a memo in reference to the treatment of Guantanamo prisoner and to the way he worked in his office as Secretary of Defense, 2002. Reported in The Washington Post, 24 June 2004.[http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A946-2004Jun23.html]

„Let's hear it for the essential daily briefing, however hollow and empty it might be. We'll do it.“

— Donald Rumsfeld
Meeting with Media Pool Bureau Chiefs October 18, 2001 [http://www.defenselink.mil/transcripts/2001/t10192001_t1018bc.html]

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„And there is, I am certain, among the Iraqi people a respect for the care and the precision that went into the bombing campaign.“

— Donald Rumsfeld
DoD News Briefing April 09, 2003 [http://www.defenselink.mil/Transcripts/Transcript.aspx?TranscriptID=2339]

„And it is not knowable if force will be used, but if it is to be used, it is not knowable how long that conflict would last. It could last, you know, six days, six weeks. I doubt six months.“

— Donald Rumsfeld
[https://web.archive.org/web/20070114160540/http://www.defenselink.mil/transcripts/2003/t02072003_t0207sdtownhall.html TownHall Meeting At Aviano Air Base in Italy (7 February 2003)]

„I can't tell you if the use of force in Iraq today would last five days, or five weeks, or five months, but it certainly isn't going to last any longer than that.“

— Donald Rumsfeld
[https://web.archive.org/web/20031217182208/http://www.defenselink.mil/transcripts/2002/t11152002_t1114rum.html Interview with Steve Croft, Infinity CBS Radio Connect (14 November 2002)]

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„I didn't advocate invasion…I wasn't asked.“

— Donald Rumsfeld
Responding to George Stephanopoulos about whether he would have advocated an invasion of Iraq if he had known that no weapons of mass destruction would be found there, ABC News This Week, November 20, 2005 [http://mediamatters.org/items/200511230004]

„Well, so be it. Nothing's perfect in life, so you have an election that's not quite perfect. Is it better than not having an election? You bet.“

— Donald Rumsfeld
Regards upcoming elections in Iraq[http://www.abc.net.au/7.30/content/2005/s1283005.htm], January 14, 2005.

„It's a difficult thing today to be informed about our government even without all the secrecy.“

— Donald Rumsfeld
As quoted in [http://thinkprogress.org/2005/06/27/during-vietnam-rumsfeld-criticized-administration-for-credibility-gap/ "During Vietnam, Rumsfeld Criticized Administration For 'Credibility Gap'” in The Chicago Tribune (13 April 1966)]

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