Frases de Donald Rumsfeld

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Donald Rumsfeld

Data de nascimento: 9. Julho 1932


Donald Henry Rumsfeld é um empresário e político norte-americano. Ele serviu como o 13º Secretário de Defesa dos Estados Unidos de 1975 a 1977 durante a presidência de Gerald Ford, e também como o 21º Secretário entre 2001 e 2006 sob o presidente George W. Bush. Além disso, Rumsfeld serviu quatro mandatos na Câmara dos Representantes pelo estado de Illinois de 1963 até 1969, foi diretor do Escritório de Oportunidades Econômicas entre 1969 e 1970, representante norte-americano na OTAN de 1973 a 1974 e Chefe de Gabinete da Casa Branca de 1974 a 1975.

Rumsfeld estudou na Universidade de Princeton, se formando em 1954 em ciência política. Ele serviu na marinha por três anos e então fez campanha para deputado federal por Illinois, vencendo em 1963 aos trinta anos de idade. Na Câmara dos Representantes, foi um dos patrocinadores do Ato de Liberdade de Informação. Rumsfeld aceitou relutantemente em 1969 a nomeação do presidente Richard Nixon para ser o diretor do Escritório de Oportunidades Econômicas. Depois disso ele foi nomeado representante dos Estados Unidos na OTAN. Em 1974 foi chamado de volta para Washington, D.C. a fim de ocupar o cargo de Chefe de Gabinete de Gerald Ford, pedindo para o presidente vetar uma expansão do seu Ato de Liberdade de Informação. Rumsfeld foi então nomeado por Ford como Secretário de Defesa.

Ford perdeu as eleições de 1976 e Rumsfeld voltou para a vida particular, sendo nomeado presidente da corporação farmacêutica G. D. Searle & Company, tempo em que conseguiu a legalização do aspartame. Posteriormente foi nomeado presidente da General Instrument de 1990 a 1993, e da Gilead Sciences entre 1997 e 2001.

Rumsfeld foi recomendado no final de 2000 pelo vice-presidente Dick Cheney para a posição de Secretário de Defesa, sendo nomeado em janeiro pelo presidente George W. Bush. Durante seu mandato ele foi uma voz neoconservadora, neoliberal e um dos principais responsáveis por reestruturar as forças armadas no século XXI. Rumsfeld foi crucial ao planejar a resposta dos Estados Unidos aos ataques de 11 de setembro de 2001, incluindo duas guerras: a do Afeganistão e a do Iraque. Além das estratégias de guerra, seu período no cargo tornou-se controverso pelos escândalos de tortura e abuso de prisioneiros na Prisão de Abu Ghraib, Iraque. Rumsfeld foi gradualmente perdendo seu apoio político enquanto as guerras continuavam sem fim, com ele renunciando do cargo no final de 2006.

Citações Donald Rumsfeld

„It is pretty clear that the coalition can win in Afghanistan and Iraq in one way or another, but it will be a long, hard slog.“

—  Donald Rumsfeld
Context: It is pretty clear that the coalition can win in Afghanistan and Iraq in one way or another, but it will be a long, hard slog. referring to the ongoing War on Terrorism


„We know where they [Iraq's WMD] are. They're in the area around Tikrit and Baghdad and east, west, south, and north somewhat....“

—  Donald Rumsfeld
Context: We know where they [Iraq's WMD] are. They're in the area around Tikrit and Baghdad and east, west, south, and north somewhat.... I would also add, we saw from the air that there were dozens of trucks that went into that facility after the existence of it became public in the press and they moved things out. They dispersed them and took them away. So there may be nothing left. I don't know that. But it's way too soon to know. The exploitation is just starting. Interview with George Stephanopoulos on ABC News This Week, March 30, 2003

„Reports that say that something hasn't happened are always interesting to me, because as we know, there are known knowns; there are things we know we know. We also know there are known unknowns; that is to say we know there are some things we do not know. But there are also unknown unknowns — the ones we don't know we don't know. And if one looks throughout the history of our country and other free countries, it is the latter category that tend to be the difficult ones.
The absence of evidence is not evidence of absence, or vice versa.“

—  Donald Rumsfeld
Department of Defense news briefing (12 February 2002)<!-- DEAD LINK --> Variant: Now what is the message there? The message is that there are no "knowns." There are things we know that we know. There are known unknowns. That is to say there are things that we now know we don't know. But there are also unknown unknowns. There are things we do not know we don't know. So when we do the best we can and we pull all this information together, and we then say well that's basically what we see as the situation, that is really only the known knowns and the known unknowns. And each year, we discover a few more of those unknown unknowns. :It sounds like a riddle. It isn't a riddle. It is a very serious, important matter. :There's another way to phrase that and that is that the absence of evidence is not evidence of absence. It is basically saying the same thing in a different way. Simply because you do not have evidence that something exists does not mean that you have evidence that it doesn't exist. And yet almost always, when we make our threat assessments, when we look at the world, we end up basing it on the first two pieces of that puzzle, rather than all three. :* Extending on his earlier comments in a press conference at NATO Headquarters, Brussels, Belgium (6 June 2002)

„The natural state of man is to want to be free. To have opportunities. To have choices.“

—  Donald Rumsfeld
On Arab Spring, Rumsfeld, that he wasn't surprised by popular uprisings of Libya, Egypt, and Tunisia. March 9, 2011.

„Oh, Lord. I didn't mean to say anything quotable.“

—  Donald Rumsfeld
Interview with Associated Press Friday, September 7, 2001

„Now, you're thinking of Europe as Germany and France. I don't. I think that's old Europe.“

—  Donald Rumsfeld
As quoted in "Outrage at 'old Europe' remarks" in BBC News (23 January 2003)

„Be able to resign. It will improve your value to the President and do wonders for your performance.“

—  Donald Rumsfeld
"Rumsfeld's Rules" January 12, 1974


„I shouldn't get into … this is diplomacy, and I don't do diplomacy.“

—  Donald Rumsfeld,,1943315,00.html

„Pieces of intelligence, scraps of intelligence…you run down leads and you run down leads, and you hope that sometimes it works.“

—  Donald Rumsfeld
DoD News Briefing May 01, 2002

„I don't know what the facts are but somebody's certainly going to sit down with him and find out what he knows that they may not know, and make sure he knows what they know that he may not know, and that's a good thing.“

—  Donald Rumsfeld
Talking to reporters about whether President Bush knows about equipment inadequacies in Iraq


„There will be good moments, and there will be less good moments.“

—  Donald Rumsfeld
April 7, 2004, in reference to the 2004 spring uprising in Iraq

„Then there are three or four countries that have said they won't do anything. I believe Libya, Cuba and Germany are ones that have indicated they won't help in any respect.“

—  Donald Rumsfeld
"Threats And Responses: Germany; Rumsfeld Faces Tense Greeting and Antiwar Rallies in Munich" by Thom Shanker, in The New York Times (8 February 2003)

„I'm not into this detail stuff. I'm more concepty.“

—  Donald Rumsfeld
Interview with the Washington Post (9 January 2002)

„[ Osama bin Laden is] either alive and well or alive and not too well or not alive.“

—  Donald Rumsfeld
DoD News Briefing October 07, 2002