Citações Charles West Churchman

„The complete analysis of the methods of scientific inference shows that the theory of inference in science demands the use of ethical judgments“

—  C. West Churchman
1940s - 1950s, Theory of Experimental Inference (1948), p. 256; cited in Douglas, H.E. (2009) Science, Policy, and the Value-Free Ideal

„There would be cases where we would not want to accept an hypothesis even though the evidence gives a high d. c. [degree of confirmation] score, because we are fearful of the consequences of a wrong decision.“

—  C. West Churchman
1940s - 1950s, Theory of Experimental Inference (1948), p. 256; cited in Sharyn Clough (2003) Siblings Under the Skin: Feminism, Social Justice, and Analytic Philosophy. p. 284

Publicidade

„Suppose we consider, not the rationality of holism, but its spirituality. Holism traditionally says that a collection of beings may have a collective property that cannot be inferred from the properties of its members.“

—  C. West Churchman
1960s - 1970s, The Systems Approach and Its Enemies (1979), p. 212; cited in Janet Judy McIntyre-Mills (2003) Critical Systemic Praxis for Social and Environmental Justice. p. 65

„Common to all these enemies is that none of them accepts the reality of the "whole system": we do not exist in such a system. Furthermore, in the case of morality, religion, and aesthetics, at least a part of our reality reality as human is not "in" any system, and yet it plays a central role in our lives.
To me these enemies provide a powerful way of learning about the systems approach, precisely because they enable the rational mind to step outside itself and to observe itself“

—  C. West Churchman
1960s - 1970s, The Systems Approach and Its Enemies (1979), from the vantage point of the enemies p. 24; Partly as cited in: Reynolds, Martin (2003). "Social and Ecological Responsibility: A Critical Systemic Perspective." In: Critical Management Studies Conference 'Critique and Inclusively: Opening the Agenda'; in the stream OR/Systems Thinking for Social Improvement, 7-9 July 2003, Lancaster University, UK. Churchman had identified four generic enemies: politics, morality, religion, and aesthetics.

„How can we design improvement in large systems without understanding the whole system, and if the answer is that we cannot, how is it possible to understand the whole system?“

—  C. West Churchman
1960s - 1970s, C. West Churchman, Challenge to Reason (1968), p. 2; cited in '" C. West Churchman — 75 years" by Werner Ulrich, in Systems Practice (December 1988), Volume 1, Issue 4, p. 341-350

„A system may actually exist as a natural aggregation of component parts found in Nature, or it may be a man-contrived aggregation – a way of looking at a problem which results from a deliberate decision to assume that a set of elements are related and constitute such a thing called ‘a system.“

—  C. West Churchman
1960s - 1970s, C. West Churchman, , I. Auerbach, and Simcha Sadam (1975) Thinking for Decisions Deduction Quantitative Methods. Science Research Associates. cited in: John P. van Gigch (1978) Applied General Systems Theory. Harper & Row Publishers

„A systems approach begins when first you see the world through the eyes of another.“

—  C. West Churchman
1960s - 1970s, The Systems Approach (1968), p. 231; cited in Michael C. Jackson (2003) Systems Thinking: Creative Holism for Managers. p. 139

„Operations research '(OR) is the securing of improvement in social systems by means of scientific method“

—  C. West Churchman
1960s - 1970s, C. West Churchman, "Operations research as a profession" (1970); cited in Arjang A. Assad, Saul I. Gass (2011) Profiles in Operations Research: Pioneers and Innovators. p. 181

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

Aniversários de hoje
Frederico II photo
Frederico II11
1712 - 1786
Richard de Bury photo
Richard de Bury1
1287 - 1345
Winston Churchill photo
Winston Churchill102
1874 - 1965
 Sabotage photo
Sabotage6
rapper e cantor brasileiro 1973 - 2003
Outros 51 aniversários hoje
Autores parecidos
Nikola Tesla photo
Nikola Tesla9
inventor sérvio-americano
António Damásio photo
António Damásio16
médico neurologista e neurocientista português