Frases de Carolus Linnaeus

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Carolus Linnaeus

Data de nascimento: 23. Maio 1707
Data de falecimento: 10. Janeiro 1778

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Carl Nilsson Linnæus, em português Carlos Lineu, e em sueco após nobilitação Carl von Linné, latinizado Carolus Linnaeus foi um botânico, zoólogo e médico sueco, criador da nomenclatura binomial e da classificação científica, sendo assim considerado o "pai da taxonomia moderna".

Lineu foi um dos fundadores da Academia Real das Ciências da Suécia. Lineu participou também no desenvolvimento da escala Celsius de temperatura, invertendo a escala que Anders Celsius havia proposto, passando o valor de 0° para o ponto de fusão da água e 100° para o ponto de ebulição. Lineu era o botânico mais reconhecido da sua época, sendo também conhecido pelos seus dotes literários. O filósofo suíço Jean-Jacques Rousseau enviou-lhe a mensagem: "Diga-lhe que não conheço maior homem no mundo." ; o escritor alemão Johann Wolfgang von Goethe escreveu: "Além de Shakespeare e Spinoza, não conheço ninguém entre os que já não se encontram entre nós que me tenha influenciado mais". O autor sueco August Strindberg escreveu: "Lineu era na realidade um poeta que por acaso se tornou um naturalista".

É ainda o cientista da área das ciências naturais mais famoso da Suécia e a sua figura pode ser encontrada nas actuais notas suecas de cem kronor.

Citações Carolus Linnaeus

„I admire the wisdom of the Creator, which manifests itself in so many various modes, and demonstrate it to others.“

— Carl Linnaeus
Context: I thank Providence who has guided my destinies, that I now live; nay, that I live happier than a king of Persia. You know, fathers and fellow-citizens, that I am wholly occupied with this academical garden; that it is my Rhodus, or rather my Elysium. There I possess all the spoils of the east and the west which I wished for; and which, in my belief, are far more precious than the silken garments of the Babylonians, and the porcelain vases of the Chinese. There I receive and convey instruction. There I admire the wisdom of the Creator, which manifests itself in so many various modes, and demonstrate it to others. As quoted in A life of Linnaeus https://archive.org/stream/lifeoflinnaeus00brigiala#page/122/mode/2up/search/blessed (1858), by J. Van Voorst & Cecilia Lucy Brightwell, London. p. 123.: I render thanks to the Almighty, who has ordered my lot so that I live at this day; and live, too, happier than the King of Persia. I think myself thus blessed because in this academic garden I am principal. This is my Rhodus, or, rather, my Elysium; here I enjoy the spoils of the East and the West, and, if I mistake not, that which far excels in beauty the garments of the Babylonians and the porcelain of China. Here I behold myself the might and wisdom of the Great Creator, in the works by which He reveals Himself, and show them unto others."

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„If the names are unknown knowledge of the things also perishes“

— Carl Linnaeus
Context: If the names are unknown knowledge of the things also perishes. Philosophia Botanica (1751), aphorism 210. Trans. Frans A. Stafleu, Linnaeus and the Linnaeans: The Spreading of their Ideas in Systematic Botany, 1735-1789 (1971), 80.

„I have been not been able to discover any character by which man can be distinguished from the ape“

— Carl Linnaeus
Context: As a natural historian according to the principles of science, up to the present time I have been not been able to discover any character by which man can be distinguished from the ape; for there are somewhere apes which are less hairy than man, erect in position, going just like him on two feet, and recalling the human species by the use they make of their hands and feet, to such an extent, that the less educated travellers have given them out as a kind of man. Fauna Suecica (1746) as quoted by Jeffrey H. Schwartz, Sudden Origins: Fossils, Genes, and the Emergence of Species (1999)

„I think fit to enumerate man among the quadrapeds“

— Carl Linnaeus
Context: No one has any right to be angry with me, if I think fit to enumerate man among the quadrapeds. Man is neither a stone nor a plant, but an animal, for such is his way of living and moving; nor is he a worm, for then he would have only one foot; nor an insect, for then he would have antennae; nor a fish, for he has no fins; nor a bird, for he has no wings. Therefore, he is a quadraped, had a mouth like that of other quadrapeds, and finally four feet, on two of which he goes, and uses the other two for prehensive purposes. Fauna Suecica (1746) as quoted by Jeffrey H. Schwartz, Sudden Origins: Fossils, Genes, and the Emergence of Species (1999)

„Theologically, man is to be understood as the final purpose of the creation; placed on the globe as the masterpiece of the works of Omnipotence, contemplating the world by virtue of sapient reason, forming conclusions by means of his senses, it is in His works that man recognizes the almighty Creator, the all-knowing, immeasurable and eternal God, learning to live morally under His rule, convinced of the complete justice of His Nemesis.“

— Carl Linnaeus
As translated in ‎Michael John Petry (2001), in Nemesis Divina: (Edited and Translated with Explanatory Notes by M.J. Petry); Springer. p. 21 The excerpt was republished in Latin by Linnaues himself, in Systema Naturae ed. (1788) http://books.google.com.mx/books?id=Z3PVJQMIhboC&pg=PA5&dq=%22Crentorem+oinniputentem+,+omnifcium+%22&hl=es-419&sa=X&ei=QyjYUuWnE8TrkQenv4DoBw&ved=0CC0Q6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=%22Crentorem%20oinniputentem%20%2C%20omnifcium%20%22&f=false: ""Theologice: Te ultimum finem creationis; In Telluris globum, Omnipotentis magisterium, introductum; ratione sapiente, secundum senfus concludente, mundi contemplatorem: ut ex opere agnosceres Creatorem omnipotentem, omniscium, immensum & sempiternum DEum, cujus sub imperio quod moraliter vivas, a justissima ejus Nemesi convicaris."

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„The observer of nature see, with admiration, that "the whole world is full of the glory of God."“

— Carl Linnaeus
Lachesis Lapponica: Or, A Tour in Laplan http://books.google.es/books?id=vQ5XAAAAMAAJ&printsec=frontcover&hl=es#v=onepage&q&f=false (1811), translated by James Edward Smith, Lulea, p. 238.

„Great is our God, and great is His power, and his strength is immeasurable“

— Carl Linnaeus
In the dedication from his 12th edition. Original in Latin: "Magnus est DEUS noster, & magna est potentia Ejus, & potentia Ejus non est numerus."

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„Every genus is natural, created as such in the beginning, hence not to be rashly split up or stuck together by whim or according to anyone's theory.“

— Carl Linnaeus
Systema naturae (1735) (quoted in Ramsbottom 1938:197) Original in Latin: Genus omne est naturale, in primordio tale creatum, hinc pro libitu & secundem cujuscimque theoriam non proterve discindendum aut conglutinandum.

„God infinite, omniscient and omnipotent, woke me up and I was amazed! I have read some clues through His created things, in all of which, is His will; even in the smallest things, and the most minute! How much wisdom! What an inscrutable perfection!“

— Carl Linnaeus
Imperium Naturæ, 12th edition. Deum sempiternum, immensum, omniscium, omnipotentem expergefactus a tergo transeuntem vidi et obstupui! legi aliquot Ejus vestigia per creata rerum, in quibus omnibus, etiam in minimis, ut fere nullis, quæ Vis! quanta Sapientia! quam inextricabilis Perfectio!

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