Frases de William O. Douglas

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William O. Douglas

Data de nascimento: 16. Outubro 1898
Data de falecimento: 19. Janeiro 1980

William Orville Douglas foi um jurista e político estado-unidense que atuou como Juiz Associado da Suprema Corte dos Estados Unidos. Indicado pelo presidente Franklin D. Roosevelt, Douglas foi confirmado pelo aos 40 anos de idade, sendo um dos juízes mais jovens a entrar na Suprema Corte. Seu mandato, que foi de trinta e seis anos e duzentos e onze dias , é o mais longo da história da Suprema Corte. Em 1975, a Revista Time chamou Douglas de "o libertário mais doutrinador e comprometido que já chegou a estar na corte".Após passar a sua infância como um itinerante, Douglas estudou na Whitman College através de uma bolsa de estudos. Ele se formou na Columbia Law School em 1925 e se juntou ao corpo docente da Yale Law School. Após servir como o terceiro presidente da Comissão de Títulos e Câmbio, Douglas foi nomeado de forma bem sucedida para a Suprema Corte, sucedendo o juiz associado Louis Brandeis. Ele foi seriamente considerado como um candidato para vice-presidente da candidatura democrata na eleição presidencial de 1944 e pressionado de forma mal sucedida para se candidatar na eleição de 1948. Douglas trabalhou na Suprema Corte até a sua aposentadoria em 1975, e foi sucedido por succeeded by John Paul Stevens. Douglas possui inúmeros recordes como juiz associado, incluindo o de maior número de opiniões em casos na corte.

Douglas escreveu a opinião da ala majoritária da corte em casos importantes; tais como Griswold v. Connecticut, United States v. Paramount Pictures, Inc., Brady v. Maryland e Terminiello v. City of Chicago. Ele também escreveu opiniões dissidentes em casos como Dennis v. United States, Brandenburg v. Ohio, e Terry v. Ohio. Ele também era conhecido por ser um opositor ferrenho da Guerra do Vietnã e um forte advogado do ambientalismo.

Citações William O. Douglas

„We have here the problem of bigness. Its lesson should by now have been burned into our memory by Brandeis. The Curse of Bigness' shows how size can become a menace – both industrial and social. It can be an industrial menace because it creates gross inequalities against existing or putative competitors. It can be a social menace – because of its control of prices. Control of prices in the steel industry is powerful leverage on our economy. For the price of steel determines the price of hundreds of other articles. Our price level determines in large measure whether we have prosperity or depression – an economy of abundance or scarcity. Size in steel should therefore be jealously watched. In final analysis, size in steel is the measure of the power of a handful of men over our economy. That power can be utilized with lightning speed. It can be benign or it can be dangerous. The philosophy of the Sherman Act is that it should not exist. For all power tends to develop into a government in itself. Power that controls the economy should be in the hands of elected representatives of the people, not in the hands of an industrial oligarchy. Industrial power should be decentralized. It should be scattered into many hands so that the fortunes of the people will not be dependent on the whim or caprice, the political prejudices, the emotional stability of a few self-appointed men. The fact that they are not vicious men but respectable and social minded is irrelevant. That is the philosophy and the command of the Sherman Act. It is founded on a theory of hostility to the concentration in private hands of power so great that only a government of the people should have it.“

—  William O. Douglas

Dissenting, United States v. Columbia Steel Co., 334 U.S. 495 (1948)
Judicial opinions

„The law is not a series of calculating machines where answers come tumbling out when the right levers are pushed.“

—  William O. Douglas

"The Dissent: A Safeguard of Democracy," 32 Journal of the American Judicial Society 104, 105 (1948).
Other speeches and writings

„The Constitution is not neutral. It was designed to take the government off the backs of people.“

—  William O. Douglas

The Court years, 1939-1975: The Autobiography of William O. Douglas‎ (1980), p. 8
Other speeches and writings

„One aspect of modern life which has gone far to stifle men is the rapid growth of tremendous corporations. Enormous spiritual sacrifices are made in the transformation of shopkeepers into employees… The disappearance of free enterprise has led to a submergence of the individual in the impersonal corporation in much the same manner as he has been submerged in the state in other lands.“

—  William O. Douglas

Speech at annual dinner of Fordham University Alumni Association, New York City (February 9, 1939), reported in James Allen, Democracy and Finance (1940, reprinted 1969), p. 291. This was Douglas's last speech as chairman of the Securities and Exchange Commission before his appointment to the Supreme Court.
Other speeches and writings

„I've often thought that if our zoning boards could be put in charge of botanists, of zoologists and geologists, and people who know about the earth, we would have much more wisdom in such planning than we have when we leave it to the engineers.“

—  William O. Douglas

Remarks at conference sponsored by the American Histadrut Cultural Exchange Institute, Harriman, New York (February 17–19, 1967); reported in Judd L. Teller, ed., Government and the Democratic Process; A Symposium by American and Israeli Experts (1969), p. 16
Other speeches and writings

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„Restriction of free thought and free speech is the most dangerous of all subversions. It is the one un-American act that could most easily defeat us.“

—  William O. Douglas

"The One Un-American Act," Speech to the Author's Guild Council in New York, on receiving the 1951 Lauterbach Award (December 3, 1952) http://ala.org/ala/aboutala/offices/oif/foryoungpeople/theoneunamerican/oneunamerican.cfm
Other speeches and writings

„One who comes to the Court must come to adore, not to protest. That's the new gloss on the First Amendment, Potter.“

—  William O. Douglas

Statement to Justice Potter Stewart on the arrest of peacefully protesting Vietnam War veterans on steps of the Supreme Court, in The Court Years, 1939-1975: The Autobiography of William O. Douglas‎ (1981), p. 234
Other speeches and writings

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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