Frases de Theodore Dreiser

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Theodore Dreiser

Data de nascimento: 27. Agosto 1871
Data de falecimento: 28. Dezembro 1945
Outros nomes: تئودور درایزر

Theodore Herman Albert Dreiser foi um escritor e ativista político norte-americano. Sucedeu Frank Norris como o escritor mais representativo do naturalismo nos Estados Unidos.

Seu pai era um imigrante alemão católico, enquanto a mãe pertencia a uma comunidade menonita de agricultores estabelecidos em Dayton, Ohio, tendo sido repudiada após seu casamento e conversão ao catolicismo. Theodore foi o nono de dez sobreviventes.De 1889 a 1890, Theodore frequentou a Universidade de Indiana. Por vários anos, escreveu para o jornal Chicago Globe e depois para o St. Louis Globe-Democrat.

O seu primeiro romance, Sister Carrie , conta a história de uma mulher que troca a vida do campo por uma vida fútil na cidade de . O segundo romance, Jennie Gerhardt foi publicado em 1911. Grande parte da obra subsequente de Dreiser trata de injustiças sociais.

Seu primeiro sucesso comercial, Uma Tragédia Americana , é a história de um jovem de caráter instável surpreendido por acontecimentos que o levam à execução por assassinato. O romance deu origem a um filme em 1931 e novamente em 1951.

Dreiser não é tão apreciado por seu estilo mas sobretudo pelo realismo de seu trabalho, pela construção dos personagens e por seus pontos de vista sobre o estilo de vida americano. Teve grande influência sobre a geração de escritores americanos que se seguiu à sua.

Politicamente, Dreiser envolveu-se com várias campanhas contra a injustiça social, incluindo o linchamento do sindicalista Frank Little, um dos líderes da Industrial Workers of the World, o caso Sacco and Vanzetti, a deportação de Emma Goldman e a condenação do líder sindical Thomas Mooney.

Em 1935 a associação das bibliotecas de Warsaw, Indiana ordenou a queima de todos os trabalhos de Dreiser existentes nos acervos.

Dreiser, um militante socialista ou antes, comunista, escreveu vários livros de não-ficção sobre questões políticas, dentre os quais Dreiser Looks at Russia , sobre sua viagem à União Soviética, em 1927, Tragic America e America is Worth Saving . Elogiou a União Soviética sob Stalin durante o Grande Terror e a aliança com Hitler.

Filiou-se ao Partido Comunista Americano em agosto de 1945. Em dezembro, faleceu em Hollywood, de ataque cardíaco, aos 74 anos. Encontra-se sepultado no Forest Lawn Memorial Park , Glendale, Los Angeles, nos Estados Unidos.

Citações Theodore Dreiser

„Among the forces which sweep and play throughout the universe, untutored man is but a wisp in the wind. Our civilization is still in a middle stage, scarcely beast, in that it is no longer wholly guided by instinct; scarcely human, in that it is not yet wholly guided by reason.“

—  Theodore Dreiser, livro Sister Carrie

Fonte: Sister Carrie (1900), Ch. 8 : Intimations By Winter: An Ambassador Summoned
Contexto: Among the forces which sweep and play throughout the universe, untutored man is but a wisp in the wind. Our civilization is still in a middle stage, scarcely beast, in that it is no longer wholly guided by instinct; scarcely human, in that it is not yet wholly guided by reason. On the tiger no responsibility rests. We see him aligned by nature with the forces of life — he is born into their keeping and without thought he is protected. We see man far removed from the lairs of the jungles, his innate instincts dulled by too near an approach to free-will, his free-will not sufficiently developed to replace his instincts and afford him perfect guidance. He is becoming too wise to hearken always to instincts and desires; he is still too weak to always prevail against them. As a beast, the forces of life aligned him with them; as a man, he has not yet wholly learned to align himself with the forces. In this intermediate stage he wavers — neither drawn in harmony with nature by his instincts nor yet wisely putting himself into harmony by his own free-will. He is even as a wisp in the wind, moved by every breath of passion, acting now by his will and now by his instincts, erring with one, only to retrieve by the other, falling by one, only to rise by the other — a creature of incalculable variability. We have the consolation of knowing that evolution is ever in action, that the ideal is a light that cannot fail. He will not forever balance thus between good and evil. When this jangle of free-will and instinct shall have been adjusted, when perfect understanding has given the former the power to replace the latter entirely, man will no longer vary. The needle of understanding will yet point steadfast and unwavering to the distant pole of truth.

„Words are but the vague shadows of the volumes we mean.  Little audible links, they are, chaining together great inaudible feelings and purposes.“

—  Theodore Dreiser, livro Sister Carrie

Variante: How true it is that words are but the vague shadows of the volumes we mean. Little audible links, they are, chaining together great inaudible feelings and purposes.
Fonte: Sister Carrie

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„Oh, the moon is fair tonight along the Wabash,
From the fields there comes the breath of new-mown hay;
Through the sycamores the candle lights are gleaming
On the banks of the Wabash, far away.“

—  Theodore Dreiser

On the Banks of the Wabash (1896), chorus; this song as a whole was written by Dreiser's brother Paul (known as Paul Dresser); but Dreiser stated that "I wrote the first verse and chorus", in A Hoosier Holiday (1916) Ch. XLIII: "The Mystery of Coincidence".

„I acknowledge the Furies. I believe in them. I have heard the disastrous beating of their wings.“

—  Theodore Dreiser

"The First Voyage Over," The Century Illustrated Monthly Magazine (August 1913); later published in A Traveler at Forty (1913), ch. I: "Barfleur Takes Me in Hand"

„Shakespeare, I come!“

—  Theodore Dreiser

Intended last words, as told to H. L. Mencken. "When Dreiser wrote that he had already framed his last words — 'Shakespeare, I come!' — and asked Mencken what his would be, Mencken replied acidly, 'I regret that I have but one rectum to leave to my country.'" - William Manchester, Disturber of the Peace: H. L. Mencken (1951) University of Michigan Press, digitized (28 January 2007), pp. 109-110

„Parents are frequently inclined, because of a time-flattered sense of security, to take their children for granted. Nothing ever has happened, so nothing ever will happen. They see their children every day, and through the eyes of affection; and despite their natural charm and their own strong parental love, the children are apt to become not only commonplaces, but ineffably secure against evil. […] The astonishment of most parents at the sudden accidental revelation of evil in connection with any of their children is almost invariably pathetic. […] But it is possible. Very possible. Decidedly likely. Some, through lack of experience or understanding, or both, grow hard and bitter on the instant. They feel themselves astonishingly abased in the face of notable tenderness and sacrifice. Others collapse before the grave manifestation of the insecurity and uncertainty of life—the mystic chemistry of our being. Still others, taught roughly by life, or endowed with understanding or intuition, or both, see in this the latest manifestation of that incomprehensible chemistry which we call life and personality, and, knowing that it is quite vain to hope to gainsay it, save by greater subtlety, put the best face they can upon the matter and call a truce until they can think. We all know that life is unsolvable—we who think. The remainder imagine a vain thing, and are full of sound and fury signifying nothing.“

—  Theodore Dreiser, livro The Financier

Fonte: The Financier (1912), Ch. XXVI

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