Frases de Teresa de Ávila
Teresa de Ávila
Data de nascimento: 28. Março 1515
Data de falecimento: 4. Outubro 1582
Outros nomes: مقدسہ ٹریسا, Terezie z Ávily, Terezie od Ježíše, Sv. Terézia Z Avily, Teresa von Avila
Teresa de Ávila, O.C.D., conhecida como Santa Teresa de Jesus , nascida Teresa Sánchez de Cepeda y Ahumada, foi uma freira carmelita, mística e santa católica do século XVI, importante por suas obras sobre a vida contemplativa através da oração mental e por sua atuação durante a Contra Reforma. Foi também uma das reformadoras da Ordem Carmelita e é considerada co-fundadora da Ordem dos Carmelitas Descalços, juntamente com São João da Cruz.
Em 1622, quarenta anos depois de sua morte, foi canonizada pelo papa Gregório XV. Em 27 de setembro de 1970, Paulo VI proclamou-a uma Doutora da Igreja . Seus livros, inclusive uma autobiografia e sua obra prima, "O Castelo Interior" , são parte integral da literatura renascentista espanhola e do corpus do misticismo cristão. Suas práticas meditativas estão detalhadas em outra obra importante, o "Caminho da Perfeição" .
Depois de sua morte, o culto a Santa Teresa se espalhou pela Espanha durante a década de 1620 principalmente durante o debate nacional pela escolha de um padroeiro, juntamente com Santiago Matamoros.
Citações Teresa de Ávila
„Eu vi um anjo perto de mim, no meu lado esquerdo, em forma corporal. Isto é algo que não estou habituada a ver, a não ser muito raramente. Apesar de eu ter visões de anjos com freqüência, vejo-os apenas através de uma visão intelectual, como tenho falado antes. Foi a vontade de nosso Senhor que, nessa visão, visse o anjo desta forma. Ele não era grande, mas de pequena estatura, e era muito bonito - seu rosto queimava, como se fosse um dos mais altos anjos, que parecem estar todos em chamas: ele deve ser um daqueles a quem nós chamamos querubins. Seu nome ele nunca me disse; mas vejo muito bem que não existe no céu tão grande a diferença entre um anjo e outro, e entre estes e os outros que eu não posso explicar.“
— Teresa de Ávila
Señor [...] muero hija de la Iglesia fonte: "Diccionario de los Santos"; Por Claudio Leonardi, Andrea Riccardi, G. Zarri; Colaborador Claudio Leonardi; Publicado por Editorial San Pablo, 2000; ISBN 842852257X, 9788428522571; 2272 páginas; books.google http://books.google.com.br/books?id=a2WMi-KVQNkC&pg=PA2102&dq=%E2%80%9CMuero+hija+de+la+Iglesia%E2%80%9D&lr=&client=firefox-a#PPA2102,M1, página 2102
„May today there be peace within.
May you trust God that you are exactly where you are meant to be.
May you not forget the infinite possibilities that are born of faith.
May you use those gifts that you have received, and pass on the love that has been given to you.
May you be content knowing you are a child of God.
Let this presence settle into your bones, and allow your soul the freedom to sing, dance, praise and love.
It is there for each and every one of us.“
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— Teresa of Ávila
Interior Castle (1577), Context: Just as we cannot stop the movement of the heavens, revolving as they do with such speed, so we cannot restrain our thought. And then we send all the faculties of the soul after it, thinking we are lost, and have misused the time that we are spending in the presence of God. Yet the soul may perhaps be wholly united with Him in the Mansions very near His presence, while thought remains in the outskirts of the castle, suffering the assaults of a thousand wild and venomous creatures and from this suffering winning merit. So this must not upset us, and we must not abandon the struggle, as the devil tries to make us do. Most of these trials and times of unrest come from the fact that we do not understand ourselves. Fourth Mansions, Ch. 1, trans. E. Allison Peers (1961),<!-- Image Books --> p. 77
„It seems as if Thou didst subject those who love Thee to a severe trial: but it is in order that they may learn, in the depths of that trial, the depths of Thy love.“
— Teresa of Ávila
The Life of St. Teresa of Jesus (c.1565), Context: All things fail; but Thou, Lord of all, never failest! They who love Thee, oh, how little they have to suffer! oh, how gently, how tenderly, how sweetly Thou, O my Lord, dealest with them! Oh, that no one had ever been occupied with any other love than Thine! It seems as if Thou didst subject those who love Thee to a severe trial: but it is in order that they may learn, in the depths of that trial, the depths of Thy love. O my God, oh, that I had understanding and learning, and a new language, in order to magnify Thy works, according to the knowledge of them which my soul possesses! Everything fails me, O my Lord; but if Thou wilt not abandon me, I will never fail Thee. Let all the learned rise up against me, — let the whole creation persecute me, — let the evil spirits torment me, — but do Thou, O Lord, fail me not; for I know by experience now the blessedness of that deliverance which Thou dost effect for those who trust only in Thee. In this distress, — for then I had never had a single vision, — these Thy words alone were enough to remove it, and give me perfect peace: "Be not afraid, my daughter: it is I; and I will not abandon thee. Fear not." It seems to me that, in the state I was in then, many hours would have been necessary to calm me, and that no one could have done it. Yet I found myself, through these words alone, tranquil and strong, courageous and confident, at rest and enlightened; in a moment, my soul seemed changed, and I felt I could maintain against all the world that my prayer was the work of God. Oh, how good is God! how good is our Lord, and how powerful! He gives not counsel only, but relief as well. His words are deeds. O my God! as He strengthens our faith, love grows. Ch. XXV. "Divine Locutions. Discussions on That Subject" ¶ 22 & 23
„The words are very distinctly formed; but by the bodily ear they are not heard. They are, however, much more clearly understood than they would be if they were heard by the ear.“
— Teresa of Ávila
The Life of St. Teresa of Jesus (c.1565), Context: It will be as well, I think, to explain these locutions of God, and to describe what the soul feels when it receives them, in order that you, my father, may understand the matter; for ever since that time of which I am speaking, when our Lord granted me that grace, it has been an ordinary occurrence until now, as will appear by what I have yet to say. The words are very distinctly formed; but by the bodily ear they are not heard. They are, however, much more clearly understood than they would be if they were heard by the ear. It is impossible not to understand them, whatever resistance we may offer. When we wish not to hear anything in this world, we can stop our ears, or give attention to something else: so that, even if we do hear, at least we can refuse to understand. In this locution of God addressed to the soul there is no escape, for in spite of ourselves we must listen; and the understanding must apply itself so thoroughly to the comprehension of that which God wills we should hear, that it is nothing to the purpose whether we will it or not; for it is His will, Who can do all things. Ch. XXV. "Divine Locutions. Discussions on That Subject" ¶ 1 & 2
„As to what good qualities there may be in our souls, or who dwells within them, or how precious they are — those are things which seldom consider and so we trouble little about carefully preserving the soul's beauty.“
— Teresa of Ávila
Interior Castle (1577), Context: It is no small pity, and should cause us no little shame, that, through our own fault, we do not understand ourselves, or know who we are. Would it not be a sign of great ignorance, my daughters, if a person were asked who he was, and could not say, and had no idea who his father or mother was, or from what country he came? Though that is a great stupidity, our own is incomparably greater if we make no attempt to discover what we are, and only know that we are living in these bodies and have a vague idea, because we have heard it, and because our faith tells us so, that we possess souls. As to what good qualities there may be in our souls, or who dwells within them, or how precious they are — those are things which seldom consider and so we trouble little about carefully preserving the soul's beauty. All our interest is centred in the rough setting of the diamond and in the outer wall of the castle – that is to say in these bodies of ours. First Mansions, Ch. 1, as translated by E. Allison Peers (1961) p. 18
„I feared them so little, that the terrors, which until now oppressed me, quitted me altogether; and though I saw them occasionally, — I shall speak of this by and by, — I was never again afraid of them — on the contrary, they seemed to be afraid of me.“
— Teresa of Ávila
The Life of St. Teresa of Jesus (c.1565), Context: I feared them so little, that the terrors, which until now oppressed me, quitted me altogether; and though I saw them occasionally, — I shall speak of this by and by, — I was never again afraid of them — on the contrary, they seemed to be afraid of me. I found myself endowed with a certain authority over them, given me by the Lord of all, so that I cared no more for them than for flies. They seem to be such cowards; for their strength fails them at the sight of any one who despises them. These enemies have not the courage to assail any but those whom they see ready to give in to them, or when God permits them to do so, for the greater good of His servants, whom they may try and torment. Ch. XXV. "Divine Locutions. Discussions on That Subject" ¶ 25