Frases de Ronald Laing

Ronald Laing foto
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Ronald Laing

Data de nascimento: 7. Outubro 1927
Data de falecimento: 23. Agosto 1989
Outros nomes:R. D. Laing

Publicidade

Ronald David Laing foi um psiquiatra britânico. Destacou-se por sua abordagem inovadora da doença mental e, particularmente, da experiência da psicose. Promoveu uma revolução de conceitos na sua área, ao buscar compreender a lógica por trás dos sintomas ditos irracionais.

As ideias de Lang sobre as causas e o tratamento da disfunção mental grave, fortemente influenciadas pelo existencialismo, foram de encontro à psiquiatria ortodoxa. Para ele, os sentimentos expressos pelo paciente eram descrições válidas da experiência vivida, mais do que simples sintomas de um distúrbio. Laing foi associado ao movimento da antipsiquiatria, embora ele próprio rejeitasse o rótulo. Politicamente, era considerado como um pensador da New Left.

Na Psiquiatria, uma das suas contribuições teóricas mais importantes é O Eu Dividido , no qual expõe a compreensão subjetiva, verdadeiramente psicológica, dos pacientes classificados como Esquizofrênicos. Essa obra contrasta com as teorias de psiquiatras da linha "organicista", como Kraepelin, que consideravam que os transtornos mentais eram meramente expressão de doenças orgânicas do cérebro. Trabalhou no Tavistock Institute of Human Relations, em Londres, entre 1956 e 1964. Seu primeiro livro, The Divided Self: An Existential Study in Sanity and Madness foi completado em Tavistock, em 1957, e publicado em 1960. Nele, Laing usa conceitos fenomenológico-existenciais para a compreensão dos chamados esquizofrênicos.

Em 1965 Laing e um grupo de colegas fundaram a Philadelphia Association, em Londres, e criaram um projeto de comunidade psiquiátrica em Kingsley Hall, onde pacientes e terapêutas viviam juntos.

Um dos psiquiatras que trabalharam com ele, David Cooper, propôs que usassem o termo "antipsiquiatria" para se distinguirem dos psiquiatras tradicionais, mas Laing rejeitou a denominação, argumentando que a etimologia da palavra 'psiquiatria' era "medicina da alma" e isso - uma verdadeira psiquiatria - era o que ele buscava praticar e resgatar .

Citações Ronald Laing

„Psychology is the logos of experience. Psychology is the structure of the evidence, and hence psychology is the science of sciences.“

— Ronald David Laing
Context: I cannot experience your experience. You cannot experience my experience. We are both invisible men. All men are invisible to one another. Experience used to be called The Soul. Experience as invisibility of man to man is at the same time more evident than anything. Only experience is evident. Experience is the only evidence. Psychology is the logos of experience. Psychology is the structure of the evidence, and hence psychology is the science of sciences. Ch. 1 : Experience as evidence

Publicidade

„Few books today are forgivable.“

— Ronald David Laing
Context: Few books today are forgivable. Black on canvas, silence on the screen, an empty white sheet of paper are perhaps feasible. There is little conjunction of truth and social "reality". Around us are pseudo-events, to which we adjust with a false consciousness adapted to see these events as true and real, and even as beautiful. In the society of men the truth resides now less in what things are than in what they are not. Our social realities are so ugly if seen in the light of exiled truth, and beauty is almost no longer possible if it is not a lie. What is to be done? We who are still half alive, living in the often fibrillating heartland of a senescent capitalism — can we do more than reflect the decay around and within us? Can we do more than sing our sad and bitter songs of disillusion and defeat? The requirement of the present, the failure of the past, is the same: to provide a thoroughly self-conscious and self-critical human account of man. p. 1 of Introduction

„These forces are mainly concerned with destroying most of its potentialities, and on the whole this enterprise is successful.“

— Ronald David Laing
Context: Long before a thermonuclear war can come about, we have had to lay waste our own sanity. We begin with the children. It is imperative to catch them in time. Without the most thorough and rapid brainwashing their dirty minds would see through our dirty tricks. Children are not yet fools, but we shall turn them into imbeciles like ourselves, with high I. Q. s if possible. From the moment of birth, when the Stone Age baby confronts the twentieth-century mother, the baby is subjected to these forces of violence, called love, as its mother and father, and their parents and their parents before them, have been. These forces are mainly concerned with destroying most of its potentialities, and on the whole this enterprise is successful. p. 58

„Even facts become fictions without adequate ways of seeing "the facts". We do not need theories so much as the experience that is the source of the theory.“

— Ronald David Laing
Context: Even facts become fictions without adequate ways of seeing "the facts". We do not need theories so much as the experience that is the source of the theory. We are not satisfied with faith, in the sense of an implausible hypothesis irrationally held: we demand to experience the "evidence". We can see other people's behaviour, but not their experience. This has led some people to insist that psychology has nothing to do with the other person's experience, but only with his behaviour. The other person's behaviour is an experience of mine. My behaviour is an experience of the other. The task of social phenomenology is to relate my experience of the other's behaviour to the other's experience of my behaviour. Its study is the relation between experience and experience: its true field is inter-experience. [http://www.marxists.org/reference/subject/philosophy/works/en/laing.htm Ch. 1 : Experience as evidence]

„Long before a thermonuclear war can come about, we have had to lay waste our own sanity. We begin with the children. It is imperative to catch them in time. Without the most thorough and rapid brainwashing their dirty minds would see through our dirty tricks.“

— Ronald David Laing
Context: Long before a thermonuclear war can come about, we have had to lay waste our own sanity. We begin with the children. It is imperative to catch them in time. Without the most thorough and rapid brainwashing their dirty minds would see through our dirty tricks. Children are not yet fools, but we shall turn them into imbeciles like ourselves, with high I. Q. s if possible. From the moment of birth, when the Stone Age baby confronts the twentieth-century mother, the baby is subjected to these forces of violence, called love, as its mother and father, and their parents and their parents before them, have been. These forces are mainly concerned with destroying most of its potentialities, and on the whole this enterprise is successful. p. 58

„Social phenomenology is the science of my own and of others' experience.“

— Ronald David Laing
Context: Social phenomenology is the science of my own and of others' experience. It is concerned with the relation between my experience of you and your experience of me. That is, with inter-experience. It is concerned with your behaviour and my behaviour as I experience it, and your and my behaviour as you experience it. Ch. 1 : Experience as evidence

„We are effectively destroying ourselves by violence masquerading as love.“

— Ronald David Laing
Context: We are effectively destroying ourselves by violence masquerading as love. I am a specialist, God help me, in events in inner space and time, in experiences called thoughts, images, reveries, dreams, visions, hallucinations, dreams of memories, memories of dreams, memories of visions, dreams of hallucinations, refractions of refractions of refractions of that original Alpha and Omega of experience and reality, that Reality on whose repression, denial, splitting, projection, falsification, and general desecration and profanation our civilisation as much as anything is based. p. 58

Publicidade

„What is to be done? We who are still half alive, living in the often fibrillating heartland of a senescent capitalism — can we do more than reflect the decay around and within us? Can we do more than sing our sad and bitter songs of disillusion and defeat?“

— Ronald David Laing
Context: Few books today are forgivable. Black on canvas, silence on the screen, an empty white sheet of paper are perhaps feasible. There is little conjunction of truth and social "reality". Around us are pseudo-events, to which we adjust with a false consciousness adapted to see these events as true and real, and even as beautiful. In the society of men the truth resides now less in what things are than in what they are not. Our social realities are so ugly if seen in the light of exiled truth, and beauty is almost no longer possible if it is not a lie. What is to be done? We who are still half alive, living in the often fibrillating heartland of a senescent capitalism — can we do more than reflect the decay around and within us? Can we do more than sing our sad and bitter songs of disillusion and defeat? The requirement of the present, the failure of the past, is the same: to provide a thoroughly self-conscious and self-critical human account of man. p. 1 of Introduction

„We can see other people's behaviour, but not their experience.“

— Ronald David Laing
Context: Even facts become fictions without adequate ways of seeing "the facts". We do not need theories so much as the experience that is the source of the theory. We are not satisfied with faith, in the sense of an implausible hypothesis irrationally held: we demand to experience the "evidence". We can see other people's behaviour, but not their experience. This has led some people to insist that psychology has nothing to do with the other person's experience, but only with his behaviour. The other person's behaviour is an experience of mine. My behaviour is an experience of the other. The task of social phenomenology is to relate my experience of the other's behaviour to the other's experience of my behaviour. Its study is the relation between experience and experience: its true field is inter-experience. [http://www.marxists.org/reference/subject/philosophy/works/en/laing.htm Ch. 1 : Experience as evidence]

„I see you, and you see me. I experience you, and you experience me. I see your behaviour. You see my behaviour. But I do not and never have and never will see your experience of me. Just as you cannot "see" my experience of you.“

— Ronald David Laing
Context: I see you, and you see me. I experience you, and you experience me. I see your behaviour. You see my behaviour. But I do not and never have and never will see your experience of me. Just as you cannot "see" my experience of you. My experience of you is not "inside" me. It is simply you, as I experience you. And I do not experience you as inside me. Similarly, I take it that you do not experience me as inside you. "My experience of you" is just another form of words for "you-as-l-experience-you", and "your experience of me" equals "me-as-you-experience-me". Your experience of me is not inside you and my experience of you is not inside me, but your experience of me is invisible to me and my experience of you is invisible to you. Ch. 1 : Experience as evidence

„I cannot experience your experience. You cannot experience my experience. We are both invisible men.“

— Ronald David Laing
Context: I cannot experience your experience. You cannot experience my experience. We are both invisible men. All men are invisible to one another. Experience used to be called The Soul. Experience as invisibility of man to man is at the same time more evident than anything. Only experience is evident. Experience is the only evidence. Psychology is the logos of experience. Psychology is the structure of the evidence, and hence psychology is the science of sciences. Ch. 1 : Experience as evidence

Publicidade

„I shall try to show that there is a comprehensible transition from the sane schizoid way of being-in-the-world to a psychotic way of being-in-the-world.“

— Ronald David Laing
Context: Existential phenomenology attempts to characterize the nature of a person's experience of his world and himself. It is not so much an attempt to describe particular objects of his experience as to set all particular experiences within the context of his whole being-in-his-world. The mad things said and done by the schizophrenic will remain essentially a closed book if one does not understand their existential context. In describing one way of going mad, I shall try to show that there is a comprehensible transition from the sane schizoid way of being-in-the-world to a psychotic way of being-in-the-world. Although retaining the terms schizoid and schizophrenic for the sane and psychotic positions respectively, I shall not, of course, be using these terms in their usual clinical psychiatric frame of reference, but phenomenologically and existentially. Ch. 1 : The existential-phenomenological foundations for a science of persons

„There is little conjunction of truth and social "reality"“

— Ronald David Laing
Context: Few books today are forgivable. Black on canvas, silence on the screen, an empty white sheet of paper are perhaps feasible. There is little conjunction of truth and social "reality". Around us are pseudo-events, to which we adjust with a false consciousness adapted to see these events as true and real, and even as beautiful. In the society of men the truth resides now less in what things are than in what they are not. Our social realities are so ugly if seen in the light of exiled truth, and beauty is almost no longer possible if it is not a lie. What is to be done? We who are still half alive, living in the often fibrillating heartland of a senescent capitalism — can we do more than reflect the decay around and within us? Can we do more than sing our sad and bitter songs of disillusion and defeat? The requirement of the present, the failure of the past, is the same: to provide a thoroughly self-conscious and self-critical human account of man. p. 1 of Introduction

„The other person's behaviour is an experience of mine. My behaviour is an experience of the other.“

— Ronald David Laing
Context: Even facts become fictions without adequate ways of seeing "the facts". We do not need theories so much as the experience that is the source of the theory. We are not satisfied with faith, in the sense of an implausible hypothesis irrationally held: we demand to experience the "evidence". We can see other people's behaviour, but not their experience. This has led some people to insist that psychology has nothing to do with the other person's experience, but only with his behaviour. The other person's behaviour is an experience of mine. My behaviour is an experience of the other. The task of social phenomenology is to relate my experience of the other's behaviour to the other's experience of my behaviour. Its study is the relation between experience and experience: its true field is inter-experience. [http://www.marxists.org/reference/subject/philosophy/works/en/laing.htm Ch. 1 : Experience as evidence]

„We are all murderers and prostitutes — no matter to what culture, society, class, nation, we belong, no matter how normal, moral, or mature we take ourselves to be.
Humanity is estranged from its authentic possibilities.“

— Ronald David Laing
Context: We are all murderers and prostitutes — no matter to what culture, society, class, nation, we belong, no matter how normal, moral, or mature we take ourselves to be. Humanity is estranged from its authentic possibilities. This basic vision prevents us from taking any unequivocal view of the sanity of common sense, or of the madness of the so-called madman. … Our alientation goes to the roots. The realisation of this is the essential springboard for any serious reflection on any aspect of present inter-human life. p. 2 of Introduction

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