Frases de Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

Mustafa Kemal Atatürk foto
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Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

Data de nascimento: 1881
Data de falecimento: 10. Novembro 1938

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Mustafa Kemal Atatürk foi um oficial do exército, estadista revolucionário e fundador da República da Turquia, assim como o seu primeiro presidente.

Mustafa Kemal se estabeleceu como um líder militar extremamente capaz e inteligente enquanto servia como comandante de divisão na Batalha de Galípoli. Posteriormente lutou com bravura nas frentes de batalha da Anatólia e Palestina, conquistando algum renome para si durante a Primeira Guerra Mundial. Com a derrota sofrida pelo Império Otomano nas mãos dos Aliados, e os planos subsequentes para a partilha de seu território, Mustafa Kemal liderou o Movimento Nacional Turco naquela que se se tornaria conhecida posteriormente como a Guerra de Independência Turca; após estabelecer um governo provisório em Ancara, derrotou as forças enviadas pela Tríplice Entente. Suas campanhas militares bem-sucedidas asseguraram a liberação do país e a proclamação da república no lugar do antigo governo imperial otomano.

Como primeiro presidente da Turquia, Atatürk embarcou num ambicioso programa de reformas políticas, econômicas e culturais. Um admirador do iluminismo, Atatürk procurou transformar as ruínas do Império Otomano numa nação-Estado democrática e secular. Os princípios das reformas de Atatürk costumam ser chamados de "kemalismo", e continuam a formar a fundação política do Estado turco moderno.

Citações Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

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„Peace at, Peace in the World.“

— Мустафа Кемаль Ататюрк
Maxim which became the motto of the Republic of Turkey; quoted in many sources including, Atatürk (1963) by Uluğ İğdemir, p. 200; and Small Nations and Great Powers: A Study of Ethnopolitical Conflict in the Caucasus (2000) by Svante E. Cornell, p. 287

„Our life here is truly hellish.“

— Мустафа Кемаль Ататюрк
Context: Our life here is truly hellish. Fortunately, my soldiers are very brave and tougher than the enemy. Letter to Corinne Lütfü, from the Gallipoli peninsula (20 July 1915) as translated in Atatürk: The Biography of the founder of Modern Turkey (2002) by Andrew Mango.

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„I have no religion, and at times I wish all religions at the bottom of the sea“

— Мустафа Кемаль Ататюрк
Context: I have no religion, and at times I wish all religions at the bottom of the sea. He is a weak ruler who needs religion to uphold his government; it is as if he would catch his people in a trap. My people are going to learn the principles of democracy, the dictates of truth and the teachings of science. Superstition must go. Let them worship as they will; every man can follow his own conscience, provided it does not interfere with sane reason or bid him against the liberty of his fellow-men. Quoted in Atatürk: The Biography of the founder of Modern Turkey, by Andrew Mango; "In a book published in 1928, Grace Ellison quotes [Atatürk], presumably in 1926-27", Grace Ellison Turkey Today (London: Hutchinson, 1928)

„Religion is an important institution. A nation without religion cannot survive. Yet it is also very important to note that religion is a link between Allah and the individual believer.“

— Мустафа Кемаль Ататюрк
Context: Religion is an important institution. A nation without religion cannot survive. Yet it is also very important to note that religion is a link between Allah and the individual believer. The brokerage of the pious cannot be permitted. Those who use religion for their own benefit are detestable. We are against such a situation and will not allow it. Those who use religion in such a manner have fooled our people; it is against just such people that we have fought and will continue to fight. Know that whatever conforms to reason, logic, and the advantages and needs of our people conforms equally to Islam. If our religion did not conform to reason and logic, it would not be the perfect religion, the final religion. As quoted in Kemalizm, Laiklik ve Demokrasi [Kemalism, Laicism and Democracy] (1994) by Ahmet Taner Kışlalı

„Men, I am not ordering you to attack. I am ordering you to die.“

— Мустафа Кемаль Ататюрк
Context: Men, I am not ordering you to attack. I am ordering you to die. In the time that it takes us to die, other forces and commanders can come and take our place. Orders to the 57th Infantry Regiment, at the Battle of Gallipoli (25 April 1915); as quoted in Studies in Battle Command http://www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/army/csi-battles.htm by Combat Studies Institute, US Army Command and General Staff College, p. 89; also quoted in Turkey (2007) by Verity Campbell, p. 188 Variant translation: I am not ordering you to fight, I am ordering you to die.

„Lasting peace is sought, it is essential to adopt international measures to improve the lot of the masses.“

— Мустафа Кемаль Ататюрк
Context: Lasting peace is sought, it is essential to adopt international measures to improve the lot of the masses. The welfare of the entire human race must replace hunger and oppression. People of the world must be taught to give up envy, avarice and rancour. As quoted in I. Milletlerarası Gençlik Kongresi [First International Youth Congress] (1988) by Selçuk University, p. 19

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„We must delve into our roots and reconstruct what history has divided. We can't wait for them to approach us. We must reach out to them.“

— Мустафа Кемаль Ататюрк
Context: Today the Soviet Union is a friend and an ally. We need this friendship. However, no one can know what will happen tomorrow. Just like the Ottoman and Austro-Hungarian Empires it may tear itself apart or shrink in size. Those peoples that it holds so tightly in its grip may one day slip away. The world may see a new balance of power. It is then that Turkey must know what to do. Ally Soviets have under their control our brothers with whom we share language, beliefs and roots. We must be prepared to embrace them. Being ready does not mean that we will sit quietly and wait. We must get ready. How does a people get prepared for such an endeavour? By strengthening the natural bridges that exist between us. Language is a bridge... Religion is a bridge... History is a bridge... We must delve into our roots and reconstruct what history has divided. We can't wait for them to approach us. We must reach out to them. Speech at Çankaya Pavilion (29 October 1933); quoted in Orta(daki) Asya Ülkeleri -Mustafa Balbay - Cumhuriyet Kitapları http://kitap.antoloji.com/kitap.asp?kitap=16216

„Those who use religion for their own benefit are detestable.“

— Мустафа Кемаль Ататюрк
Context: Religion is an important institution. A nation without religion cannot survive. Yet it is also very important to note that religion is a link between Allah and the individual believer. The brokerage of the pious cannot be permitted. Those who use religion for their own benefit are detestable. We are against such a situation and will not allow it. Those who use religion in such a manner have fooled our people; it is against just such people that we have fought and will continue to fight. Know that whatever conforms to reason, logic, and the advantages and needs of our people conforms equally to Islam. If our religion did not conform to reason and logic, it would not be the perfect religion, the final religion. As quoted in Kemalizm, Laiklik ve Demokrasi [Kemalism, Laicism and Democracy] (1994) by Ahmet Taner Kışlalı

„Know that whatever conforms to reason, logic, and the advantages and needs of our people conforms equally to Islam.“

— Мустафа Кемаль Ататюрк
Context: Religion is an important institution. A nation without religion cannot survive. Yet it is also very important to note that religion is a link between Allah and the individual believer. The brokerage of the pious cannot be permitted. Those who use religion for their own benefit are detestable. We are against such a situation and will not allow it. Those who use religion in such a manner have fooled our people; it is against just such people that we have fought and will continue to fight. Know that whatever conforms to reason, logic, and the advantages and needs of our people conforms equally to Islam. If our religion did not conform to reason and logic, it would not be the perfect religion, the final religion. As quoted in Kemalizm, Laiklik ve Demokrasi [Kemalism, Laicism and Democracy] (1994) by Ahmet Taner Kışlalı

„Humankind is made up of two sexes, women and men. Is it possible for humankind to grow by the improvement of only one part while the other part is ignored?“

— Мустафа Кемаль Ататюрк
Context: Humankind is made up of two sexes, women and men. Is it possible for humankind to grow by the improvement of only one part while the other part is ignored? Is it possible that if half of a mass is tied to earth with chains that the other half can soar into skies? As quoted in "Atatürk" in Images of a Divided World (29 October 2006) http://jmilton6000.wordpress.com/2006/10/29/ataturk/ Variant translation: Humankind consists of two sexes, woman and man. Is it possible that a mass is improved by the improvement of only one part and the other ignored? Is it possible that if half of a mass is tied to earth with chains and the other half can soar into skies?

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