Frases de Murray Bookchin

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Murray Bookchin

Data de nascimento: 14. Janeiro 1921
Data de falecimento: 30. Julho 2006

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Murray Bookchin foi um escritor anarquista estado-unidense, fundador da escola da Ecologia Social.

Na juventude foi influenciado pelo marxismo e mais tarde derivou para o trotskismo mas foi gradualmente ficando cada vez mais desiludido com a coerção que viu como inerente ao marxismo-leninismo. Em alguns meios ficou conhecido por fazer críticas devastadoras ao marxismo usando linguagem marxista convencional. Nos anos 60 foi membro da Liga Libertária.

Durante os anos 1950 e 60, Bookchin construiu sobre os legados da filosofia social utópica e da teoria crítica, mudando a primazia do marxismo na esquerda e ligou crises ecológicas e urbanas contemporâneas aos problemas do capital e hierarquia social em geral.

Bookchin permaneceu um anti-capitalista radical defensor da descentralização da sociedade. Foi influente no movimento antiglobalização.

Em meados dos anos 1990 fundou o municipalismo. Alguns dizem que neste momento rompeu com o anarquismo. Entretanto suas idéias são cada vez mais uma flexização das idéias anárquicas.

Bookchin é o autor de alguns livros importantes, incluindo Anarquismo Pós-Escassez, A Ecologia da Liberdade, Sociobiologia ou Ecologia Social?, Para uma Tecnologia Libertadora, e outras obras tratando do Municipalismo Libertário. Ele é uma das inspirações da guerrilha curda do PKK

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Citações Murray Bookchin

„And that's what socialism was supposed to be about, or anarchism was supposed to be about, and tragically has been betrayed.“

— Murray Bookchin
Context: The basic problem I really have is that whenever I meet leftists in the socialist and Marxist movements, I'm called a petit-bourgeois individualist. [audience laughs] I'm supposed to shrink after this— Usually I'm called petit-bourgeois individualist by students, and by academicians, who’ve never done a days work life [sic] in their entire biography, whereas I have spent years in factories and the trade unions, in foundries and auto plants. So after I have to swallow the word petit-bourgeois, I don't mind the word individualist at all!I believe in individual freedom; that's my primary and complete commitment—individual liberty. That’s what it's all about. And that's what socialism was supposed to be about, or anarchism was supposed to be about, and tragically has been betrayed.And when I normally encounter my so-called colleagues on the left—socialists, Marxists, communists—they tell me that, after the revolution, they're gonna shoot me. [audience laughs, Murray nods] That is said with unusual consistency. They're gonna stand me and Karl up against the wall and get rid of us real fast; I feel much safer in your company. [audience laughs and applauds] In this clip, Murray Bookchin is speaking to a crowd of anarcho-capitalists and other libertarians at a Libertarian Party Conference. Karl Hess is sitting next to Bookchin at the table.

„Almost anyone, I suppose, can call himself or herself an anarchist, if he or she believed that the society could be managed without the state.“

— Murray Bookchin
Context: Almost anyone, I suppose, can call himself or herself an anarchist, if he or she believed that the society could be managed without the state. And by the state—I don't mean the absence of any institutions, the absence of any form of social organisation—the state really refers to a professional apparatus of people who are set aside to manage society, to preëmpt the control of society from the people. So that would include the military, judges, politicians, representatives who are paid for the express purpose of legislating, and then an executive body that is also set aside from society. So anarchists generally believe that, whether as groups or individuals, people should directly run society.

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