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Mitt Romney

Data de nascimento: 12. Março 1947

Willard Mitt Romney é um empresário e político dos Estados Unidos. Ele foi o candidato do Partido Republicano à presidência dos Estados Unidos na eleição de 2012. Atualmente serve como Senador pelo estado de Utah.

É filho de Lenore e George W. Romney , tendo sido criado em Bloomfield Hills, Michigan. Iniciando como membro da Igreja de Jesus Cristo dos Santos dos Últimos Dias em 1966, ele passou trinta meses na França como missionário mórmon. Em 1969 casou-se com Ann Davies, com quem tem cinco filhos. Em 1971, ele ganhou um Bachelor of Arts da Universidade Brigham Young e, em 1975, se formou com Juris Doctor e mestrado em Administração de Empresas pela Universidade de Harvard. Romney entrou na indústria de consultoria de gestão, e em 1977 entrou na Bain & Company. Mais tarde, como executivo-chefe da empresa, ajudou a tirar a empresa da crise financeira. Em 1984, ele co-fundou e liderou o Bain Capital, uma empresa de investimento de capital privada que se tornou altamente rentável e uma das maiores empresas desse tipo no país. Seu patrimônio líquido é estimado entre 190-250 milhões de dólares, dinheiro esse que ajudou a financiar suas campanhas políticas anteriores a de 2012.

Como um membro ativo da Igreja de Jesus Cristo dos Santos dos Últimos Dias, ele atuou como bispo de sua ala e presidente da área de Boston. Ele concorreu como candidato republicano na eleição para o senado de Massachusetts em 1994, perdendo para o senador Ted Kennedy. Em 1999, ele foi contratado como presidente e CEO do Comitê Organizador da candidatura de Salt Lake City para o Jogos Olímpicos de Inverno de 2002. A visibilidade que ele ganhou nesse período deu-lhe a oportunidade de relançar suas aspirações políticas.

Romney foi eleito governador de Massachusetts em 2002, mas não tentou a reeleição em 2006. Durante seu mandato, ele reduziu o déficit estadual em 3 bilhões de dólares, reduzindo o financiamento do Estado para o ensino superior, fazendo corte em auxílios estatais para as cidades, levantando várias taxas e removendo brechas fiscais corporativas. Ele ajudou a desenvolver e transformar em lei a legislação estadual sobre a saúde, que ficou conhecida como "Romneycare". Foi a primeira lei sobre a regulamentação da saúde no país, fornecendo quase acesso universal a saúde através de subsídios estaduais e mandatos individuais para a compra de seguros.

Romney concorreu para a nomeação republicana na eleição presidencial de 2008, ganhando em várias primárias e caucus, mas perdeu a indicação para John McCain. Em junho de 2011, ele anunciou que iria concorrer em 2012. Em maio de 2012, ele ganhou caucus e primárias suficientes para tornar-se o provável candidato do partido, e em 28 de agosto, a Convenção Nacional Republicana de 2012 oficializou sua candidatura. Em novembro, concorreu contra o então presidente Barack Obama, que visava a reeleição. Romney acabou sendo derrotado por uma margem de 4.9 milhões de votos nas urnas e por 126 votos no colégio eleitoral.Após a derrota na disputa pela Casa Branca, Romney se mudou para Utah, onde foi eleito para uma cadeira do Senado em 2018. Em 2020, Romney foi o único senador republicano que votou a favor da condenação do presidente Donald Trump no processo de Impeachment.

Citações Mitt Romney

„So, all total, the tax rate is really closer to 45 or 50%.“

—  Mitt Romney

interview with Univision

2012
Contexto: Jorge Ramos: You just released your tax returns. In 2010 you only paid 13% of taxes while most Americans paid much more than that. Is that fair?
Mitt Romney Well, actually, I released two years of taxes and I think the average is almost 15%. And then also, on top of that, I gave another more 15% to charity. When you add it together with all of the taxes and the charity, particularly in the last year, I think it reaches almost 40% that I gave back to the community. One of the reasons why we have a lower tax rate on capital gains is because capital gains are also being taxed at the corporate level. So as businesses earn profits, that's taxed at 35%, then as they distribute those profits as dividends, that's taxed at 15% more. So, all total, the tax rate is really closer to 45 or 50%.
Jorge Ramos: But is it fair what you pay, 13%, while most pay much more than that?
Mitt Romney Well, again, I go back to the point that the, that the funds are being taxed twice at two different levels.

„I'm not concerned about the very poor.“

—  Mitt Romney

CNN Interview, quoted in
2012
Contexto: I'm not concerned about the very poor. We have a safety net there. If it needs repair, I'll fix it. I'm not concerned about the very rich — they're doing just fine.

„I like being able to fire people who provide services to me.“

—  Mitt Romney

Speech to Chamber of Commerce in Nashua, New Hampshire, , quoted in
2012
Contexto: I want individuals to have their own insurance. That means the insurance company will have an incentive to keep you healthy. It also means if you don't like what they do, you can fire them. I like being able to fire people who provide services to me. You know, if someone doesn't give me a good service that I need, I want to say I'm going to go get someone else to provide that service to me.

„Freedom requires religion just as religion requires freedom.“

—  Mitt Romney

Faith in America speech, 2007
Contexto: Freedom requires religion just as religion requires freedom. Freedom opens the windows of the soul so that man can discover his most profound beliefs and commune with God. Freedom and religion endure together, or perish alone.

„Look, you can't have any illegals working on our property. I'm running for office, for Pete's sake.“

—  Mitt Romney

CNN Republican presidential debate, Los Angeles, , quoted in
2011
Contexto: Rick, I don't think I've ever hired an illegal in my life... We had a lawn company to mow our lawn, and they had illegal immigrants, and when that was pointed out to us, we let them go... So we went to the company and we said, "Look, you can't have any illegals working on our property. I'm running for office, for Pete's sake. I can't have illegals."

„So we started a new business called Bain Capital. The only problem was, while WE believed in ourselves, nobody else did. We were young and had never done this before and we almost didn't get off the ground. In those days, sometimes I wondered if I had made a really big mistake. I had thought about asking my church's pension fund to invest, but I didn't. I figured it was bad enough that I might lose my investors' money, but I didn't want to go to hell too. Shows what I know. Another of my partners got the Episcopal Church pension fund to invest. Today there are a lot of happy retired priests who should thank him. That business we started with 10 people has now grown into a great American success story. Some of the companies we helped start are names you know. An office supply company called Staples – where I'm pleased to see the Obama campaign has been shopping; The Sports Authority, which became a favorite of my sons. We started an early childhood learning center called Bright Horizons that First Lady Michelle Obama rightly praised. At a time when nobody thought we'd ever see a new steel mill built in America, we took a chance and built one in a corn field in Indiana. Today Steel Dynamics is one of the largest steel producers in the United States.“

—  Mitt Romney

2012-08-31
http://www.npr.org/2012/08/30/160357612/transcript-mitt-romneys-acceptance-speech
Transcript: Mitt Romney's Acceptance Speech
NPR
[2012-08-30, gopconvention2012, Mitt Romney: Introduction (video), YouTube, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J_cGyPwt5UI]
2012

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„Hugo Chavez has tried to steal an inspiring phrase — 'Patria o muerte, venceremos.' It does not belong to him. It belongs to a free Cuba.“

—  Mitt Romney

quoting Fidel Castro's speech-ending slogan "Fatherland or death, we shall overcome"
2007 campaign for Republican nomination for United States President

„The allegations made in the articles of impeachment are very serious. As a Senator-juror, I swore an oath, before God, to exercise “impartial justice.”“

—  Mitt Romney

I am a profoundly religious person. I take an oath before God as enormously consequential. I knew from the outset that being tasked with judging the President, the leader of my own party, would be the most difficult decision I have ever faced. I was not wrong.
Senate remarks on the Trump impeachment trial (2020)

„America cannot continue to lead the family of nations around the world if we suffer the collapse of the family here at home.“

—  Mitt Romney

Press Conference: Announcing Candidacy for Presidency, 2007-02-13 http://www.cnn.com/2007/POLITICS/02/13/romney.announce/index.html
2007 campaign for Republican nomination for United States President

„I don't want them on our soil. I want them on Guantanamo, where they don't get the access to lawyers they get when they're on our soil. I don't want them in our prisons, I want them there. Some people have said we ought to close Guantanamo. My view is we ought to double Guantanamo.“

—  Mitt Romney

Fox News GOP debate, , quoted in * 2007-05-16
Romney: ‘We Ought To Double Guantanamo’
Think Progress
http://thinkprogress.org/politics/2007/05/16/12919/romney-guantanamo/
2007 campaign for Republican nomination for United States President

„You Olympians, however, know you didn't get here solely on your own power. For most of you, loving parents, sisters or brothers, encouraged your hopes, coaches guided, communities built venues in order to organize competitions. All Olympians stand on the shoulders of those who lifted them.“

—  Mitt Romney

Speech at the Opening Ceremonies at the 2002 Winter Olympics, quoted in [Montanaro, Domenico, "Romney to Olympians: 'You didn't get here solely on your own'", NBC News, July 23, 2012, http://firstread.msnbc.msn.com/_news/2012/07/23/12904508-romney-to-olympians-you-didnt-get-here-solely-on-your-own?lite, 2012-07-24]
2002 Winter Olympics

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